Part None A. Short Title and Reservation of Power

TITLE XXVII
CORPORATIONS, ASSOCIATIONS, AND PROPRIETORS OF COMMON LANDS

Chapter 293-A
NEW HAMPSHIRE BUSINESS CORPORATION ACT

General Provisions

Section 293-A:1.01

    293-A:1.01 Short Title. – This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the "New Hampshire Business Corporation Act."

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.02

    293-A:1.02 Reservation of Power to Amend or Repeal. – The general court has power to amend or repeal all or part of this chapter at any time and all domestic and foreign corporations subject to this chapter are governed by the amendment or repeal.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.20

    293-A:1.20 Requirements for Documents; Extrinsic Facts. –
(a) A document must satisfy the requirements of this section, and of any other section that adds to or varies these requirements, to be entitled to filing by the secretary of state.
(b) This chapter must require or permit filing the document in the office of the secretary of state.
(c) The document must contain the information required by this chapter. It may contain other information as well.
(d) The document must be typewritten or printed or, if electronically transmitted, it must be in a format that can be retrieved or reproduced in typewritten or printed form.
(e) The document must be in the English language. A corporate name need not be in English if written in English letters or Arabic or Roman numerals.
(f) The document must be executed:
(1) by the chairman of the board of directors of a domestic or foreign corporation, by its president, or by another of its officers;
(2) if directors have not been selected or the corporation has not been formed, by an incorporator; or
(3) if the corporation is in the hands of a receiver, trustee, or other court-appointed fiduciary, by that fiduciary.
(g) The person executing the document shall sign it and state beneath or opposite the person's signature the person's name and the capacity in which the document is signed. The document may but need not contain:
(1) The corporate seal.
(2) An attestation by the secretary or an assistant secretary.
(3) An acknowledgment, verification, or proof.
(h) If the secretary of state has prescribed a mandatory form for the document under RSA 293-A:1.21, the document must be in or on the prescribed form.
(i) The document must be delivered to the office of the secretary of state for filing and shall be accompanied by the correct filing fee, and any franchise tax, license fee, or penalty required by this chapter or other law. Delivery may be made by electronic transmission if and to the extent permitted by the secretary of state.
(j) Whenever a provision of this chapter permits any of the terms of a plan or a filed document to be dependent on facts objectively ascertainable outside the plan or filed document, the following provisions apply:
(1) The manner in which the facts will operate upon the terms of the plan or filed document shall be set forth in the plan or filed document.
(2) The facts may include, but are not limited to:
(i) any of the following that is available in a nationally recognized news or information medium either in print or electronically: statistical or market indices, market prices of any security or group of securities, interest rates, currency exchange rates, or similar economic or financial data;
(ii) a determination or action by any person or body, including the corporation or any other party to a plan or filed document; or
(iii) the terms of, or actions taken under, an agreement to which the corporation is a party, or any other agreement or document.
(3) As used in this subsection:
(i) "filed document" means a document filed with the secretary of state under any provision of this chapter except RSA 293-A:15 or RSA 293-A:16.21; and
(ii) "plan" means a plan of domestication, entity conversion, merger, or share exchange.
(4) The following provisions of a plan or filed document may not be made dependent on facts outside the plan or filed document:
(i) The name and address of any person required in a filed document.
(ii) The registered office of any entity required in a filed document.
(iii) The registered agent of any entity required in a filed document.
(iv) The number of authorized shares and designation of each class or series of shares.
(v) The effective date of a filed document.
(vi) Any required statement in a filed document of the date on which the underlying transaction was approved or the manner in which that approval was given.
(5) If a provision of a filed document is made dependent on a fact ascertainable outside of the filed document, and that fact is not ascertainable by reference to a source described in RSA 293-A:1.20(j)(2)(i) or a document that is a matter of public record, or the affected shareholders have not received notice of the fact from the corporation, then the corporation shall file with the secretary of state articles of amendment setting forth the fact promptly after the time when the fact referred to is first ascertainable or thereafter changes. Articles of amendment under RSA 293-A:1.20(j)(5) are deemed to be authorized by the authorization of the original filed document or plan to which they relate and may be filed by the corporation without further action by the board of directors or the shareholders.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.21

    293-A:1.21 Forms. –
(a) The secretary of state may prescribe and furnish on request forms for:
(1) an application for a certificate of existence.
(2) a foreign corporation's application for a certificate of authority to transact business in this state.
(3) a foreign corporation's application for a certificate of withdrawal.
(4) the annual report.
If the secretary of state so requires, use of these forms is mandatory.
(b) The secretary of state may prescribe and furnish on request forms for other documents required or permitted to be filed by this chapter but their use is not mandatory.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.21-a

    293-A:1.21-a Online Filing. – No later than January 1, 2020, the secretary of state shall provide for and allow the online filing of all forms, certificates, or other documents required under this subdivision.

Source. 2018, 279:11, eff. Jan. 1, 2019.

Section 293-A:1.22

    293-A:1.22 Filing, Service, and Copying Fees. –
(a) The secretary of state shall collect the following fees for:
(1) Articles of incorporation $100
(2) Amendment of articles of incorporation $35
(3) Restatement of articles of incorporation with amendment of articles $35
(4) Articles or certificate of merger or articles of share exchange $35
(5) Articles of domestication $35
(6) Articles of charter surrender $35
(7) Articles of domestication and conversion $35
(8) Articles of entity conversion $35
(9) Statement of Abandonment of a Domestication $35
(9A) Statement of Abandonment of a Merger or Share Exchange $35
(10) Articles of dissolution $35
(11) Articles of revocation of dissolution $35
(12) Application for reinstatement following administrative dissolution $135
(13) Application for certificate of authority $100
(14) Application for amended certificate of authority $35
(15) Application for certificate of withdrawal $35
(16) Articles of correction $35
(17) Late filing $50
(18) Late reinstatement fee $500
(19) Restatement of articles of incorporation without amendment $35
(b) The secretary of state shall collect the following fees for:
(1) Application for reserved name $ 15
(2) Notice of transfer of reserved name $ 15
(3) Application for registered name $ 25
(4) Application for renewal of registered name $ 25
(5) Statement of change of registered agent or registered office, or both $ 15
(6) Agent's statement of resignation No fee
(7) Certificate of judicial dissolution No fee
(8) Annual report $ 100
(9) Application for certificate of existence or authorization $ 5
(10) Application for certificate of existence or authorization in long form $ 10
(11) Any other document required or permitted to be filed by this chapter $ 15
(c) The secretary of state shall collect a fee of $25 each time process is served on the secretary of state under this chapter. The party to a proceeding causing service of process is entitled to recover this fee as costs if such party prevails in the proceeding.
(d) The secretary of state shall collect the following fees for copying and certifying the copy of any filed document relating to a domestic or foreign corporation:
(1) $1 a page for copying; and
(2) $5 for the certificate.
(e) The secretary of state may collect fees for certain services, including but not limited to
(1) Expedited service or filing requests.
(2) Direct access to corporations data.
(3) Computer tapes.
(4) Microfiche.
(5) Customized lists and reports.
(6) Corporate information via telephone-based systems or facsimile machine.
(7) Other information services.
(8) Electronic copies of data and/or images.
(f) The secretary of state may establish and collect such fees for the special services listed in subsection (e) as reasonably determined from time to time by the secretary of state.

Source. 2013, 142:1. 2015, 273:23, eff. Jan. 1, 2016.

Section 293-A:1.23

    293-A:1.23 Effective Time and Date of Document. –
(a) Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c) and RSA 293-A:1.24(c), a document accepted for filing is effective:
(1) At the date and time of filing, as evidenced by such means as the secretary of state may use for the purpose of recording the date and time of filing; or
(2) at the time specified in the document as its effective time on the date it is filed.
(b) A document may specify a delayed effective time and date, and if it does so the document becomes effective at the time and date specified. If a delayed effective date but no time is specified, the document is effective at the close of business on that date. A delayed effective date for a document may not be later than the 90th day after the date it is filed.
(c) A document filed electronically shall be effective upon the date and time of acceptance by the secretary of state corporate database and application or as specified pursuant to subparagraph (b).

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.24

    293-A:1.24 Correcting Filed Document. –
(a) A domestic or foreign corporation may correct a document filed with the secretary of state within one year of filing, if:
(1) the document contains an inaccuracy; or
(2) the document was defectively executed, attested, sealed, verified, or acknowledged.
(b) A document is corrected:
(1) by preparing articles of correction that:
(i) describe the document (including its filing date) or attach a copy of it to the articles; and
(ii) specify the inaccuracy or defect to be corrected; and
(iii) correct the inaccuracy or defect; and
(2) by delivering the articles to the secretary of state for filing.
(c) Articles of correction are effective on the effective date of the document they correct except as to persons relying on the uncorrected document and adversely affected by the correction. As to those persons, articles of correction are effective when filed.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.25

    293-A:1.25 Filing Duty of Secretary of State. –
(a) If a document delivered to the office of the secretary of state for filing satisfies the requirements of RSA 293-A:1.20, the secretary of state shall file it.
(b) The secretary of state files a document by stamping or otherwise endorsing "Filed", together with his or her name and official title and the date of receipt on the filed document. After filing a document, except as provided in RSA 293-A:5.03 and RSA 293-A:15.09, the secretary of state shall deliver to the domestic or foreign corporation or its representative a copy of the document with an acknowledgement of the date of filing.
(c) If the secretary of state refuses to file a document, it shall be returned to the domestic or foreign corporation or its representative within 30 days after the document was delivered, together with a brief, written explanation of the reason for the refusal.
(d) The secretary of state's duty to file documents under this section is ministerial. The secretary's filing or refusing to file a document does not:
(1) affect the validity or invalidity of the document in whole or part;
(2) relate to the correctness or incorrectness of information contained in the document; or
(3) create a presumption that the document is valid or invalid or that information contained in the document is correct or incorrect.
(e) The secretary of state and those acting on his or her behalf shall incur no liability, either personally or on behalf of the state of New Hampshire, as a result of defects or inconsistencies in the documents recorded by them under RSA 292, RSA 293-A, RSA 293-B, RSA 294-A, RSA 301, RSA 301-A, RSA 304-A, RSA 304-B, RSA 304-C, RSA 305-A, or RSA 349 or as a result of negligent acts or omissions in the handling and recording of those documents.
(f) If, at any time, the secretary of state or any of those acting on his or her behalf determines that any document recorded by them under RSA 292, RSA 293-A, RSA 293-B, RSA 294-A, RSA 301, RSA 301-A, RSA 304-A, RSA 304-B, RSA 304-C, RSA 305-A, or RSA 349 contains defects or inconsistencies, the secretary of state shall notify the filer of said document, in writing, of any defects and inconsistencies.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.26

    293-A:1.26 Appeal From Secretary of State's Refusal to File Document. –
(a) If the secretary of state refuses to file a document delivered for filing, the domestic or foreign corporation may appeal the refusal within 30 days after the return of the document to the superior court of the county where the corporation's principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is or will be located. The appeal is commenced by petitioning the court to compel filing the document and by attaching to the petition the document and the secretary of state's explanation of his or her refusal to file.
(b) The court may summarily order the secretary of state to file the document or take other action the court considers appropriate.
(c) The court's final decision may be appealed as in other civil proceedings.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.27

    293-A:1.27 Evidentiary Effect of Copy of Filed Document. – A certificate from the secretary of state delivered attached or affixed to a copy of a document filed by the secretary of state, bearing his or her signature and the seal of this state (both of which may be in facsimile) is conclusive evidence that the original document is on file with the secretary of state.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.28

    293-A:1.28 Certificate of Existence. –
(a) Anyone may apply to the secretary of state to furnish a certificate of existence for a domestic corporation or a certificate of authorization for a foreign corporation.
(b) A certificate of existence or authorization sets forth:
(1) the domestic corporation's corporate name or the foreign corporation's corporate name used in this state;
(2) that:
(i) the domestic corporation is duly incorporated under the law of this state and the date of its incorporation; or
(ii) that the foreign corporation is authorized to transact business in this state;
(3) that all fees, taxes, and penalties owed to this state have been paid, if:
(i) payment is reflected in the records of the secretary of state; and
(ii) nonpayment affects the existence or authorization of the domestic or foreign corporation;
(4) that its most recent annual report has been filed with the secretary of state;
(5) that articles of dissolution have not been filed; and
(6) other facts of record in the office of the secretary of state that may be requested by the applicant.
(c) Subject to any qualification stated in the certificate, a certificate of existence or authorization issued by the secretary of state may be relied upon as conclusive evidence that the domestic or foreign corporation is in existence or is authorized to transact business in this state.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.29

    293-A:1.29 Penalty for Signing False Document. –
(a) A person commits an offense by signing a document that the person knows is false in any material respect with intent that the document be delivered to the secretary of state for filing.
(b) An offense under this section is a misdemeanor.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.30

    293-A:1.30 Powers. – The secretary of state has the power reasonably necessary to perform the duties required of the secretary of state by this chapter.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.31 to 293-A:1.34

    293-A:1.31 to 293-A:1.34 Repealed. –

Section 293-A:1.35

    293-A:1.35 Assessment and Collection of Annual Fees. – It shall be the duty of the secretary of state to collect all filing fees and penalties imposed by, or assessed in accordance with, this chapter.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.36

    293-A:1.36 Penalties Imposed. – Each corporation, domestic or foreign, that fails or refuses to file its annual report or to pay all associated fees related thereto, or both, for any year on or before April 1 shall be subject to an additional fee as set out in RSA 293-A:1.22(a)(17).

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.37

    293-A:1.37 Administration. –
(a) [Repealed.]
(b) The state treasurer shall pay the expenses of administering this chapter, RSA 382-A:9, and other information technology costs of the secretary of state out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated until the fees collected pursuant to RSA 293-A:1.22(a), RSA 382-A:9, and other information technology services have been received by him or her. Thereafter he or she shall pay the expenses of administering this chapter, RSA 382-A:9, and other information technology costs of the secretary of state out of the fees collected under RSA 293-A:1.22(a) and RSA 382-A:9-525 and shall reimburse the treasury for previous expenses paid by him or her. The governor is authorized to draw his warrant for the sums authorized by this section out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated.
(c) Fees collected by the secretary of state pursuant to RSA 293-A:1.22(e) and RSA 382-A:9-525 shall be deposited in the same manner as fees collected pursuant to RSA 293-A:1.22(a) and shall be available to the secretary of state to administer the provisions of this chapter and RSA 382-A:9 in the same manner as provided in subsection (b) of this section.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.38

    293-A:1.38 Interrogatories by Secretary of State, Penalties. –
(a) The secretary of state may propound to any corporation, domestic or foreign, subject to the provisions of this chapter, and to any officer or director of the corporation, interrogatories as may be reasonably necessary and proper to enable him or her to ascertain whether the corporation has complied with all the provisions of this chapter applicable to the corporation. Interrogatories shall be answered within 30 days after the mailing, or within such additional time as shall be fixed by the secretary of state. The answers to the interrogatories shall be full and complete and shall be made in writing and under oath. If the interrogatories are directed to an individual they shall be answered by him or her, and if directed to a corporation they shall be answered by its president, vice president, secretary, or assistant secretary. The secretary of state shall not need to record any document to which the interrogatories relate until the interrogatories are answered as provided in this section, and then not if the answers to the interrogatories disclose that the document is not in conformity with the provisions of this chapter. The secretary of state shall certify to the attorney general, for such action as the attorney general may deem appropriate, all interrogatories and answers to interrogatories which disclose a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter.
(b) The attorney general may petition the superior court of the county in which the individual to whom interrogatories are directed resides, or in which the corporation has its registered office, or of Hillsborough county if the individual or corporation does not reside in or maintain a registered office in this state to seek enforcement of the interrogatories. To the extent that they are not in conflict with this section, all rules of the superior court relating to interrogatories shall be applicable to the interrogatories propounded by the secretary of state pursuant to this section.
(c) Interrogatories propounded by the secretary of state and the answers to the interrogatories shall not be open to public inspection nor shall the secretary of state disclose any facts or information obtained from the answers except insofar as his official duty may require it to be made public or in the event the interrogatories or their answers are required for evidence if any criminal proceedings or in any other action by the state.
(d) Each officer and director of a corporation, domestic or foreign, who fails or refuses within the time prescribed by this chapter to answer truthfully and fully interrogatories propounded to him or her by the secretary of state in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, or who signs any articles, statement, report, application or other document filed with the secretary of state which is known to the officer or director to be false in any material respect, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.40

    293-A:1.40 Act Definitions. –
In this chapter:
(1) "Articles of incorporation" means the original articles of incorporation, all amendments thereof, and any other documents permitted or required to be filed by a domestic business corporation with the secretary of state under any provision of this chapter except RSA 293-A:16.21.
(2) "Authorized shares" means the shares of all classes a domestic or foreign corporation is authorized to issue.
(3) "Conspicuous" means so written, displayed, or presented that a reasonable person against whom the writing is to operate should have noticed it. For example, text in italics, boldface, contrasting color, capitals, or underlined is conspicuous.
(4) "Corporation," "domestic corporation" or "domestic business corporation" means a corporation for profit, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to the provisions of this chapter.
(5) "Deliver" or "delivery" means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.41, by electronic transmission.
(6) "Distribution" means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property (except its own shares) or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. A distribution may be in the form of a declaration or payment of a dividend; a purchase, redemption, or other acquisition of shares; a distribution of indebtedness; or otherwise.
(6A) "Document" means (i) any tangible medium on which information is inscribed, and includes any writing or written instrument, or (ii) an electronic record.
(6B) "Domestic unincorporated entity" means an unincorporated entity whose internal affairs are governed by the laws of this state.
(7) "Effective date of notice" is defined in RSA 293-A:1.41(i).
(7A) "Electronic" means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities.
(7B) "Electronic record" means information that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in paper form through an automated process used in conventional commercial practice, unless otherwise authorized in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.41(j).
(7C) "Electronic transmission" or "electronically transmitted," means any form or process of communication, not directly involving the physical transfer of paper or another tangible medium, which (a) is suitable for the retention, retrieval, and reproduction of information by the recipient, and (b) is retrievable in paper form by the recipient through an automated process used in conventional commercial practice, unless otherwise authorized in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.41(j).
(7D) "Eligible entity" means a domestic or foreign unincorporated entity.
(7E) "Eligible interests" means interests or memberships.
(8) "Employee" includes an officer but not a director. A director may accept duties that make the director also an employee.
(9) "Entity" includes domestic and foreign business corporation; estate; trust; domestic and foreign unincorporated entity; and state, United States, and foreign government.
(9A) The phrase "facts objectively ascertainable" outside of a filed document or plan is defined in RSA 293-A:1.20(j).
(9AA) "Expenses" means reasonable expenses of any kind that are incurred in connection with a matter.
(9B) "Filing entity" means an unincorporated entity that is of a type that is created by filing a public organic document.
(10) "Foreign corporation" means a corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state, which would be a business corporation if incorporated under the laws of this state.
(10A) "Foreign unincorporated entity" means an unincorporated entity whose internal affairs are governed by an organic law of a jurisdiction other than this state.
(11) "Governmental subdivision" includes authority, county, district, and municipality.
(12) "Includes" denotes a partial definition.
(13) "Individual" means a natural person and includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual.
(13A) "Interest" means either or both of the following rights under the organic law of an unincorporated entity:
(i) the right to receive distributions from the entity either in the ordinary course or upon liquidation; or
(ii) the right to receive notice or vote on issues involving its internal affairs, other than as an agent, assignee, proxy or person responsible for managing its business and affairs.
(13B) "Interest holder" means a person who holds of record an interest.
(14) "Means" denotes an exhaustive definition.
(14A) "Nonfiling entity" means an unincorporated entity that is of a type that is not created by filing a public organic document.
(15) "Notice" is defined in RSA 293-A:1.41.
(15A) "Organic document" means a public organic document or a private organic document.
(15B) "Organic law" means the statute governing the internal affairs of a domestic or foreign business or unincorporated entity.
(15C) "Owner liability" means personal liability for a debt, obligation, or liability of a domestic or foreign business or unincorporated entity that is imposed on a person:
(i) solely by reason of the person's status as a shareholder, member, or interest holder; or
(ii) by the articles of incorporation, bylaws, or an organic document under a provision of the organic law of an entity authorizing the articles of incorporation, bylaws, or an organic document to make one or more specified shareholders, members, or interest holders liable in their capacity as shareholders, members, or interest holders for all or specified debts, obligations, or liabilities of the entity.
(16) "Person" includes an individual and an entity.
(17) "Principal office" means the office (in or out of this state) so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located.
(17A) "Private organic document" means any document (other than the public organic document, if any) that determines the internal governance of an unincorporated entity. Where a private organic document has been amended or restated, the term means the private organic document as last amended or restated.
(17B) "Public organic document" means the document, if any, that is filed of public record to create an unincorporated entity. Where a public organic document has been amended or restated, the term means the public organic document as last amended or restated.
(18) "Proceeding" includes civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action.
(18A) "Public corporation" means a corporation that has shares listed on a national securities exchange or regularly traded in a market maintained by one or more members of a national securities association.
(18B) "Qualified director" is defined in RSA 293-A:1.43.
(19) "Record date" means the date established on which a corporation determines the identity of its shareholders and their shareholdings for purposes of this chapter. The determinations shall be made as of the close of business on the record date unless another time for doing so is specified when the record date is fixed.
(20) "Secretary" means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under RSA 293-A:8.40(c) for custody of the minutes of the meetings of the board of directors and of the shareholders and for authenticating records of the corporation.
(21) "Shareholder" means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation.
(22) "Shares" means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided.
(22A) "Sign" or "signature" means, with present intent to authenticate or adopt a document, to execute or adopt a tangible symbol to a document, including any manual, facsimile, or conformed signature, or electronic signature under RSA 294-E.
(i) to execute or adopt a tangible symbol to a document, and includes any manual, facsimile, or conformed signature; or
(ii) to attach to or logically associate with an electronic transmission an electronic sound, symbol, or process, and includes an electronic signature in an electronic transmission.
(23) "State," when referring to a part of the United States, includes a state and commonwealth (and their agencies and governmental subdivisions) and a territory and insular possession (and their agencies and governmental subdivisions) of the United States.
(24) "Subscriber" means a person who subscribes for shares in a corporation, whether before or after incorporation.
(24A) "Unincorporated entity" means an organization or artificial legal person that either has a separate legal existence or has the power to acquire an estate in real property in its own name and that is not any of the following: a domestic or foreign business or nonprofit corporation, an estate, a trust, a state, the United States, or a foreign government. The term includes a general partnership, limited liability company, limited partnership, business trust, joint stock association, and unincorporated nonprofit association.
(25) "United States" includes district, authority, bureau, commission, department, and any other agency of the United States.
(26) "Voting group" means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. All shares entitled by the articles of incorporation or this chapter to vote generally on the matter are for that purpose a single voting group.
(27) "Voting power" means the current power to vote in the election of directors.
(28) "Writing" or "written" means any information in the form of a document.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.41

    293-A:1.41 Notices and Other Communications. –
(a) Notice under this chapter must be in writing unless oral notice is reasonable in the circumstances. Unless otherwise agreed between the sender and the recipient, words in a notice or other communication under this chapter must be in English.
(b) A notice or other communication may be given or sent by any method of delivery, except that electronic transmissions must be in accordance with this section. If these methods of delivery are impracticable, a notice or other communication may be communicated by a newspaper of general circulation in the area where published, or by radio, television, or other form of public broadcast communication.
(c) Notice or other communication to a domestic or foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state may be delivered to its registered agent at its registered office or to the secretary of the corporation at its principal office shown in its most recent annual report or, in the case of a foreign corporation that has not yet delivered an annual report, in its application for a certificate of authority.
(d) Notice or other communications may be delivered by electronic transmission if consented to by the recipient or if authorized by subsection (j).
(e) Any consent under subsection (d) may be revoked by the person who consented by written or electronic notice to the person to whom the consent was delivered. Any such consent is deemed revoked if (1) the corporation is unable to deliver 2 consecutive electronic transmissions given by the corporation in accordance with such consent, and (2) such inability becomes known to the secretary or an assistant secretary of the corporation or to the transfer agent, or other person responsible for the giving of notice or other communications; provided, however, the inadvertent failure to treat such inability as a revocation shall not invalidate any meeting or other action.
(f) Unless otherwise agreed between the sender and the recipient, an electronic transmission is received when:
(1) it enters an information processing system that the recipient has designated or uses for the purposes of receiving electronic transmissions or information of the type sent, and from which the recipient is able to retrieve the electronic transmission; and
(2) it is in a form capable of being processed by that system.
(g) Receipt of an electronic acknowledgement from an information processing system described in subsection (f)(1) establishes that an electronic transmission was received but, by itself, does not establish that the content sent corresponds to the content received.
(h) An electronic transmission is received under this section even if no individual is aware of its receipt.
(i) Notice or other communication, if in a comprehensible form or manner, is effective at the earliest of the following:
(1) if in physical form, the earliest of when it is actually received, or when it is left at:
(i) a shareholder's address shown on the corporation's record of shareholders maintained by the corporation under RSA 293-A:16.01(c);
(ii) a director's residence or usual place of business; or
(iii) the corporation's principal place of business;
(2) if mailed postage prepaid and correctly addressed to a shareholder, upon deposit in the United States mail;
(3) if mailed by United States mail postage prepaid and correctly addressed to a recipient other than a shareholder, the earliest of when it is actually received, or:
(i) if sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, the date shown on the return receipt signed by or on behalf of the addressee; or
(ii) five days after it is deposited in the United States mail;
(4) if an electronic transmission, when it is received as provided in subsection (f); and
(5) if oral, when communicated.
(j) A notice or other communication may be in the form of an electronic transmission that cannot be directly reproduced in paper form by the recipient through an automated process used in conventional commercial practice only if (i) the electronic transmission is otherwise retrievable in perceivable form, and (ii) the sender and the recipient have consented in writing to the use of such form of electronic transmission.
(k) If this chapter prescribes requirements for notices or other communications in particular circumstances, those requirements govern. If articles of incorporation or bylaws prescribe requirements for notices or other communications, not inconsistent with this section or other provisions of this chapter, those requirements govern. The articles of incorporation or bylaws may authorize or require delivery of notices of meetings of directors by electronic transmission.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.42

    293-A:1.42 Number of Shareholders. –
(a) For purposes of this chapter, the following identified as a shareholder in a corporation's current record of shareholders constitutes one shareholder:
(1) three or fewer co-owners;
(2) a corporation, partnership, trust, estate, or other entity;
(3) the trustees, guardians, custodians, or other fiduciaries of a single trust, estate, or account.
(b) For purposes of this chapter, shareholdings registered in substantially similar names constitute one shareholder if it is reasonable to believe that the names represent the same person.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.43

    293-A:1.43 Qualified Director. –
(a) A "qualified director" is a director who, at the time action is to be taken under:
(1) RSA 293-A:7.44, does not have (i) a material interest in the outcome of the proceeding, or (ii) a material relationship with a person who has such an interest;
(2) RSA 293-A:8.53 or RSA 293-A:8.55, (i) is not a party to the proceeding, (ii) is not a director as to whom a transaction is a director's conflicting interest transaction or who sought a disclaimer of the corporation's interest in a business opportunity under RSA 293-A:8.70, which transaction or disclaimer is challenged in the proceeding, and (iii) does not have a material relationship with a director described in either clause (i) or clause (ii) of this subsection (a)(2);
(3) RSA 293-A:8.62, is not a director (i) as to whom the transaction is a director's conflicting interest transaction, or (ii) who has a material relationship with another director as to whom the transaction is a director's conflicting interest transaction; or
(4) RSA 293-A:8.70, would be a qualified director under subsection (a)(3) if the business opportunity were a director's conflicting interest transaction.
(b) For purposes of this section:
(1) "material relationship" familial, financial, professional, employment, or other relationship that would reasonably be expected to impair the objectivity of the director's judgment when participating in the action to be taken; and
(2) "material interest" means an actual or potential benefit or detriment (other than one which would devolve on the corporation or the shareholders generally) that would reasonably be expected to impair the objectivity of the director's judgment when participating in the action to be taken.
(c) The presence of one or more of the following circumstances shall not automatically prevent a director from being a qualified director:
(1) nomination or election of the director to the current board by any director who is not a qualified director with respect to the matter (or by any person that has a material relationship with that director), acting alone or participating with others;
(2) service as a director of another corporation of which a director who is not a qualified director with respect to the matter (or any individual who has a material relationship with that director), is or was also a director; or
(3) with respect to action to be taken under RSA 293-A:7.44, status as a named defendant, as a director against whom action is demanded, or as a director who approved the conduct being challenged.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:1.44

    293-A:1.44 Householding. –
(a) A corporation has delivered written notice or any other report or statement under this chapter, the articles of incorporation or the bylaws to all shareholders who share a common address if:
(1) The corporation delivers one copy of the notice, report, or statement to the common address;
(2) The corporation addresses the notice, report, or statement to those shareholders either as a group or to each of those shareholders individually or to the shareholders in a form to which each of those shareholders has consented; and
(3) Each of those shareholders consents to delivery of a single copy of such notice, report, or statement to the shareholders' common address. Any such consent shall be revocable by any of such shareholders who deliver written notice of revocation to the corporation. If such written notice of revocation is delivered, the corporation shall begin providing individual notices, reports or other statements to the revoking shareholder no later than 30 days after delivery of the written notice of revocation.
(b) Any shareholder who fails to object by written notice to the corporation, within 60 days of written notice by the corporation of its intention to send single copies of notices, reports, or statements to shareholders who share a common address as permitted by subsection (a), shall be deemed to have consented to receiving such single copy at the common address.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Incorporation

Section 293-A:2.01

    293-A:2.01 Incorporators. – One or more persons may act as the incorporator or incorporators of a corporation by delivering articles of incorporation to the secretary of state for filing.

Source. 2013, 142:1. 2015, 273:5, eff. Jan. 1, 2016.

Section 293-A:2.02

    293-A:2.02 Articles of Incorporation. –
(a) The articles of incorporation must set forth:
(1) a corporate name for the corporation that satisfies the requirements of RSA 293-A:4.01;
(2) the number of shares the corporation is authorized to issue;
(3) the street address of the corporation's initial registered office and the name of its initial registered agent at that office; and
(4) the name and address of each incorporator.
(b) The articles of incorporation may set forth:
(1) the names and addresses of the individuals who are to serve as the initial directors;
(2) provisions not inconsistent with law regarding:
(i) the purpose or purposes for which the corporation is organized;
(ii) managing the business and regulating the affairs of the corporation;
(iii) defining, limiting, and regulating the powers of the corporation, its board of directors, and shareholders;
(iv) a par value for authorized shares or classes of shares;
(v) the imposition of personal liability on shareholders for the debts of the corporation to a specified extent and upon specified conditions;
(3) any provision that under this chapter is required or permitted to be set forth in the bylaws;
(4) a provision eliminating or limiting the liability of a director, an officer, or both, to the corporation or its shareholders for money damages for any action taken, or any failure to take any action, as a director or an officer, except liability for(A) the amount of a financial benefit received by a director or an officer to which the director or officer is not entitled; (B) an intentional infliction of harm on the corporation or the shareholders; (C) a violation of RSA 293-A:8.33; or (D) an intentional violation of criminal law; and
(5) a provision permitting or making obligatory indemnification of a director for liability (as defined in RSA 293-A:8.50(a)(3)) to any person for any action taken, or any failure to take any action, as a director, except liability for (A) receipt of a financial benefit to which the director is not entitled, (B) an intentional infliction of harm on the corporation or its shareholders, (C) a violation of RSA 293-A:8.33, or (D) an intentional violation of criminal law.
(c) The articles of incorporation need not set forth any of the corporate powers enumerated in this chapter.
(d) Provisions of the articles of incorporation may be made dependent upon facts objectively ascertainable outside the articles of incorporation in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.20(j).

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:2.03

    293-A:2.03 Incorporation. –
(a) Unless an effective time or delayed effective time and date are specified in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.23, the corporate existence begins when the articles of incorporation are filed.
(b) The secretary of state's filing of the articles of incorporation is conclusive proof that the incorporators satisfied all conditions precedent to incorporation except in a proceeding by the state to cancel or revoke the incorporation or involuntarily dissolve the corporation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:2.04

    293-A:2.04 Liability for Preincorporation Transactions. – All persons purporting to act as or on behalf of a corporation, knowing there was no incorporation under this chapter, are jointly and severally liable for all liabilities created while so acting.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:2.05

    293-A:2.05 Organization of Corporation. –
(a) After incorporation:
(1) if initial directors are named in the articles of incorporation, the initial directors shall hold an organizational meeting, at the call of a majority of the directors, to complete the organization of the corporation by appointing officers, adopting bylaws, and carrying on any other business brought before the meeting;
(2) if initial directors are not named in the articles, the incorporator or incorporators shall hold an organizational meeting at the call of a majority of the incorporators:
(i) to elect directors and complete the organization of the corporation; or
(ii) to elect a board of directors who shall complete the organization of the corporation.
(b) Action required or permitted by this chapter to be taken by incorporators at an organizational meeting may be taken without a meeting if the action taken is evidenced by one or more written consents describing the action taken and signed by each incorporator.
(c) An organizational meeting may be held in or out of this state.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:2.06

    293-A:2.06 Bylaws. –
(a) The incorporators or board of directors of a corporation shall adopt initial bylaws for the corporation.
(b) The bylaws of a corporation may contain any provision that is not inconsistent with law or the articles of incorporation.
(c) The bylaws may contain one or both of the following provisions:
(1) A requirement that if the corporation solicits proxies or consents with respect to an election of directors, the corporation include in its proxy statement and any form of its proxy or consent, to the extent and subject to such procedures or conditions as are provided in the bylaws, one or more individuals nominated by a shareholder in addition to individuals nominated by the board of directors; and
(2) A requirement that the corporation reimburse the expenses incurred by a shareholder in soliciting proxies or consents in connection with an election of directors, to the extent and subject to such procedures or conditions as are provided in the bylaws, provided that no bylaw so adopted shall apply to elections for which any record date precedes its adoption.
(d) Notwithstanding RSA 293-A:10.20(b)(2), the shareholders in amending, repealing, or adopting a bylaw described in subsection (c) may not limit the authority of the board of directors to amend or repeal any condition or procedure set forth in or to add any procedure or condition to such a bylaw in order to provide for a reasonable, practicable, and orderly process.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:2.07

    293-A:2.07 Emergency Bylaws. –
(a) Unless the articles of incorporation provide otherwise, the board of directors of a corporation may adopt bylaws to be effective only in an emergency defined in subsection (d). The emergency bylaws, which are subject to amendment or repeal by the shareholders, may make all provisions necessary for managing the corporation during the emergency, including:
(1) procedures for calling a meeting of the board of directors;
(2) quorum requirements for the meeting; and
(3) designation of additional or substitute directors.
(b) All provisions of the regular bylaws consistent with the emergency bylaws remain effective during the emergency. The emergency bylaws are not effective after the emergency ends.
(c) Corporate action taken in good faith in accordance with the emergency bylaws:
(1) binds the corporation; and
(2) may not be used to impose liability on a corporate director, officer, employee, or agent.
(d) An emergency exists for purposes of this section if a quorum of the corporation's directors cannot readily be assembled because of some catastrophic event.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Purposes and Powers of Corporations

Section 293-A:3.01

    293-A:3.01 Purposes. –
(a) Every corporation incorporated under this chapter has the purpose of engaging in any lawful business unless a more limited purpose is set forth in the articles of incorporation.
(b) A corporation engaging in a business that is subject to regulation under another statute of this state may incorporate under this chapter only if permitted by, and subject to all limitations of, the other statute.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:3.02

    293-A:3.02 General Powers. –
(a) Unless its articles of incorporation provide otherwise, every corporation has perpetual duration and succession in its corporate name and has the same powers as an individual to do all things necessary or convenient to carry out its business and affairs, including without limitation power:
(1) to sue and be sued, complain, and defend in its corporate name;
(2) to have a corporate seal, which may be altered at will, and to use it, or a facsimile of it, by impressing or affixing it or in any other manner reproducing it;
(3) to make and amend bylaws, not inconsistent with its articles of incorporation or with the laws of this state, for managing the business and regulating the affairs of the corporation;
(4) to purchase, receive, lease, or otherwise acquire, and own, hold, improve, use, and otherwise deal with, real or personal property, or any legal or equitable interest in property, wherever located;
(5) to sell, convey, mortgage, pledge, lease, exchange, and otherwise dispose of all or any part of its property;
(6) to purchase, receive, subscribe for, or otherwise acquire; own, hold, vote, use, sell, mortgage, lend, pledge, or otherwise dispose of; and deal in and with shares or other interests in, or obligations of, any other entity;
(7) to make contracts and guarantees, incur liabilities, borrow money, issue its notes, bonds, and other obligations (which may be convertible into or include the option to purchase other securities of the corporation), and secure any of its obligations by mortgage or pledge of any of its property, franchises, or income;
(8) to lend money, invest and reinvest its funds, and receive and hold real and personal property as security for repayment;
(9) to be a promoter, partner, member, associate, or manager of any partnership, joint venture, trust, or other entity;
(10) to conduct its business, locate offices, and exercise the powers granted by this chapter within or without this state;
(11) to elect directors and appoint officers, employees, and agents of the corporation, define their duties, fix their compensation, and lend them money and credit;
(12) to pay pensions and establish pension plans, pension trusts, profit sharing plans, share bonus plans, share option plans, and benefit or incentive plans for any or all of its current or former directors, officers, employees, and agents;
(13) to make donations for the public welfare or for charitable, scientific, or educational purposes;
(14) to transact any lawful business that will aid governmental policy; and
(15) to make payments or donations, or do any other act, not inconsistent with law, that furthers the business and affairs of the corporation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:3.03

    293-A:3.03 Emergency Powers. –
(a) In anticipation of or during an emergency defined in subsection (d), the board of directors of a corporation may:
(1) modify lines of succession to accommodate the incapacity of any director, officer, employee, or agent; and
(2) relocate the principal office, designate alternative principal offices or regional offices, or authorize the officers to do so.
(b) During an emergency defined in subsection (d), unless emergency bylaws provide otherwise:
(1) notice of a meeting of the board of directors need be given only to those directors whom it is practicable to reach and may be given in any practicable manner, including by publication and radio; and
(2) one or more officers of the corporation present at a meeting of the board of directors may be deemed to be directors for the meeting, in order of rank and within the same rank in order of seniority, as necessary to achieve a quorum.
(c) Corporate action taken in good faith during an emergency under this section to further the ordinary business affairs of the corporation:
(1) binds the corporation; and
(2) may not be used to impose liability on a corporate director, officer, employee, or agent.
(d) An emergency exists for purposes of this section if a quorum of the corporation's directors cannot readily be assembled because of some catastrophic event.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:3.04

    293-A:3.04 Ultra Vires. –
(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), the validity of corporate action may not be challenged on the ground that the corporation lacks or lacked power to act.
(b) A corporation's power to act may be challenged:
(1) in a proceeding by a shareholder against the corporation to enjoin the act;
(2) in a proceeding by the corporation, directly, derivatively, or through a receiver, trustee, or other legal representative, against an incumbent or former director, officer, employee, or agent of the corporation; or
(3) in a proceeding by the attorney general under RSA 293-A:14.30.
(c) In a shareholder's proceeding under subsection (b)(1) to enjoin an unauthorized corporate act, the court may enjoin or set aside the act, if equitable and if all affected persons are parties to the proceeding, and may award damages for loss (other than anticipated profits) suffered by the corporation or another party because of enjoining the unauthorized act.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:3.05

    293-A:3.05 Trust Powers. –
(a) A corporation shall have trust powers to the extent that it:
(1) Does not transact business with the general public; or
(2) Is a bank as defined in RSA 383-A:2-201(a)(3) and is authorized to engage in trust business in this state under RSA 383-A, RSA 383-B, RSA 383-C, or RSA 383-D.
(b) Trust powers include the power to act as a trustee or other fiduciary, a trust advisor as defined in RSA 564-B:1-103(27), or a trust protector as defined in RSA 564-B:1-103(28).
(c) For purposes of subsection (a)(1), a corporation does not transact business with the general public to the extent that the corporation:
(1) Qualifies as a family office under 15 U.S.C. section 80b-2(a)(11)(G); or
(2) Offers and provides its services only to persons who would qualify as family clients as defined in RSA 383-D:2-201(b)(5) if the corporation was chartered as a family trust company under RSA 383-D.
(d) For purposes of subsection (c)(2), a corporation may use any reasonable method for:
(1) Identifying a designated relative as defined in RSA 383-D:2-201(b)(2); and
(2) Selecting a method for determining family members as described in RSA 383-D:4-402(b)(2) or (c).
(e) A corporation described in subsection (a)(1) shall be exempt from RSA Title 35 and shall not be subject to the jurisdiction of the New Hampshire bank commissioner.
(f) To the extent that a corporation other than a corporation described in subsection (a)(2) transacts business with the general public, the following shall apply:
(1) Any action by the corporation shall not be void or voidable solely by reason of the corporation transacting business with the general public.
(2) Each of the corporation's directors and officers shall be personally, jointly, and severally liable for all liabilities created by the corporation transacting business with the general public, including any breach of a fiduciary duty to a member of the general public.
(3) A director's or officer's liability under subsection (f)(2) is in addition to any civil or criminal penalties imposed by applicable law.
(g) This section does not restrict the rights and remedies of any person affected by a corporation's exercise of trust powers, including the right to commence a judicial proceeding seeking:
(1) A remedy for a breach of trust under RSA 564-B:10-1001;
(2) Damages for a breach of trust under RSA 564-B:10-1002; or
(3) Damages under RSA 564-B:10-1003.

Source. 2017, 257:32, eff. July 18, 2017.

Name

Section 293-A:4.01

    293-A:4.01 Corporate Name. –
(a) A corporate name:
(1) must contain the word "corporation," "incorporated," or "limited," or the abbreviation "corp.," "inc.," or "ltd.," or words or abbreviations of like import in another language; and
(2) may not contain language stating or implying that the corporation is organized for a purpose other than that permitted by RSA 293-A:3.01 and its articles of incorporation.
(b) Except as authorized by subsections (c) and (d), a corporate name, based upon the records of the secretary of state, shall be distinguishable from, and not the same as:
(1) the name of an entity incorporated, authorized, formed, or registered to transact business in this state under RSA 292, RSA 293-A, RSA 293-B, RSA 294-A, RSA 301, RSA 301-A, RSA 304-A, RSA 304-B, RSA 304-C, RSA 305-A, RSA 349, or RSA 564-F;
(2) a name reserved or registered under RSA 293-A, RSA 293-B, RSA 304-A, RSA 304-B, RSA 304-C, or RSA 564-F;
(3) the fictitious name adopted by a foreign entity authorized to transact business in this state because its real name is unavailable;
(4) The name of an agency or instrumentality of the United States or this state or a subdivision thereof, including names reserved pursuant to RSA 53-E;
(5) The name of any political party recognized under RSA 652:11, unless written consent is obtained from the authorized representative of the political organization; and
(6) The name "farmers' market" unless the entity meets the definition of "farmers' market" established in RSA 21:34-a, V.
(b-1) Except as authorized by subsections (c) and (d), a corporate name, based upon the records of the secretary of state, is not distinguishable upon the record if the only distinguishing factor to the corporate name is:
(1) An article.
(2) Plural forms of the same word.
(3) Phonetic spelling of the same name or word.
(4) An abbreviation in place of a complete spelling of the name.
(5) A suffix or prefix added to a word or any other deviation from or derivative of the same word, excluding antonyms and opposites.
(6) A change in a word or name indicating entity status.
(7) The addition of a numeric designation, unless consent is granted by the current name holder.
(8) Differences in punctuation or special characters, unless it changes the clear meaning of the word.
(9) Differences in whether letters or numbers immediately follow each other or are separated by one or more spaces.
(10) An Arabic numeral representing a number, a Roman numeral representing the same number, or a word representing the same number appearing in the same position within otherwise identical names.
(c) A corporation may apply to the secretary of state for authorization to use a name that is not distinguishable from, or is the same as, one or more of the names described in subsection (b) of this section, as determined from a review of the records of the secretary of state.
(1) the holder or holders of the name as described in subsection (b) gives written consent to use the name that is not distinguishable from the name of the applying corporation; or if the name is the same, one or more words are added to the name to make the new name distinguishable from the other name;
(2) the other entity consents to the use in writing and submits an undertaking in form satisfactory to the secretary of state to change its name to a name that is distinguishable upon the records of the secretary of state from the name of the applying corporation; or
(3) the applicant delivers to the secretary of state a certified copy of the final judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction establishing the applicant's right to use the name applied for in this state.
(d) A corporation may use the name (including the fictitious name) of another domestic or foreign entity that is used in this state if the other entity is incorporated, authorized, formed, or registered to transact business in this state and the proposed user corporation:
(1) has merged with the other entity;
(2) has been formed by reorganization of the other entity; or
(3) has acquired all or substantially all of the assets, including the name, of the other entity.
(e) This chapter does not control the use of fictitious names.
(f) Nothing in this section would prohibit the owner or owners of a trade name registered under RSA 349 to form a domestic corporation under the same name as the trade name.
(g) The secretary of state and those acting on his or her behalf shall incur no liability, either personally or on behalf of the state of New Hampshire, as a result of negligent acts or omissions in the reservation or registration of any name under this chapter or any other name registration or reservation statute, including but not limited to RSA 349, or the handling and recording of documents pertaining to such reservation or registration.

Source. 2013, 142:1. 2015, 188:3, 4, eff. Jan. 1, 2016. 2017, 257:52, eff. Oct. 1, 2017. 2018, 221:2, eff. Jan. 1, 2019. 2019, 316:6, eff. Oct. 1, 2019.

Section 293-A:4.02

    293-A:4.02 Reserved Name. –
(a) A person may reserve the exclusive use of a corporate name by delivering an application to the secretary of state for filing. The application must set forth the name and address of the applicant and the name proposed to be reserved. If the secretary of state finds that the corporate name applied for is available, the secretary of state shall reserve the name for the applicant's exclusive use for a nonrenewable 120-day period.
(b) The owner of a reserved corporate name may transfer the reservation to another person by delivering to the secretary of state a signed notice of the transfer that states the name and address of the transferee.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:4.03

    293-A:4.03 Registered Name. –
(a) Any corporation organized and existing under the laws of any state or territory of the United States may register its corporate name under this chapter, provided its corporation name is available as required by RSA 293-A:4.01.
(b) A foreign corporation registers its corporate name, or its corporate name with any addition required by RSA 293-A:15.06, by delivering to the secretary of state for filing an application:
(1) setting forth its corporate name, or its corporate name with any addition required by RSA 293-A:15.06, the state or country and date of its incorporation, and a brief description of the nature of the business in which it is engaged; and
(2) accompanied by a certificate of good standing (or a document of similar import) from the state or country of incorporation.
(c) The name is registered for the applicant's exclusive use upon the effective date of the application until the close of the calendar year.
(d) A foreign corporation whose registration is effective may renew it for successive years by delivering to the secretary of state for filing a renewal application, which complies with the requirements of subsection (b), between October 1 and December 31 of the preceding year. The renewal application when filed renews the registration for the following calendar year.
(e) A foreign corporation whose registration is effective may thereafter qualify the foreign corporation to transact business in New Hampshire under the registered name or consent in writing to the use of that name by a corporation thereafter incorporated under this chapter or by another foreign corporation thereafter authorized to transact business in this state. The registration terminates when the domestic corporation is incorporated or the foreign corporation qualifies or consents to the qualification of another foreign corporation under the registered name.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Office and Agent

Section 293-A:5.01

    293-A:5.01 Registered Office and Registered Agent. –
(a) Each corporation must continuously maintain in this state:
(1) a registered office that may be the same as any of its places of business; and
(2) a registered agent, who may be:
(i) an individual who resides in this state and whose business office is identical with the registered office;
(ii) a corporation organized or authorized under RSA 292, RSA 293-A, or RSA 294-A whose business office is identical with the registered office;
(iii) a limited liability company formed or authorized under RSA 304-C whose business office is identical with the registered office; or
(iv) a limited liability partnership formed or authorized under RSA 304-A:44 whose business office is identical with the registered office.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:5.02

    293-A:5.02 Change of Registered Office or Registered Agent. –
(a) A corporation may change its registered office or registered agent by delivering to the secretary of state for filing a statement of change that sets forth:
(1) the name of the corporation;
(2) the street address of its current registered office;
(3) if the current registered office is to be changed, the street address of the new registered office;
(4) the name of its current registered agent;
(5) if the current registered agent is to be changed, the name of the new registered agent; and
(6) that after the change or changes are made, the street addresses of its registered office and the business office of its registered agent will be identical.
(b) If the street address of a registered agent's business office changes, the agent may change the street address of the registered office of any corporation for which the agent is the registered agent by delivering a signed written notice of the change to the corporation and delivering to the secretary of state for filing a signed statement that complies with the requirements of subsection (a) and recites that the corporation has been notified of the change.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:5.03

    293-A:5.03 Resignation of Registered Agent. –
(a) A registered agent may resign the agent's appointment by signing and delivering to the secretary of state for filing the signed original and one exact or conformed copy of a statement of resignation. The statement may include a statement that the registered office is also discontinued.
(b) After filing the statement the secretary of state shall mail the copy to the corporation at its principal office.
(c) The agency appointment is terminated, and the registered office discontinued if so provided, on the 31st day after the date on which the statement was filed.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:5.04

    293-A:5.04 Service on Corporation. –
(a) A corporation's registered agent is the corporation's agent for service of process, notice, or demand required or permitted by law to be served on the corporation.
(b) If a corporation has no registered agent, or the agent cannot with reasonable diligence be served, the corporation may be served by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, addressed to the secretary of the corporation at its principal office. Service is perfected under this subsection at the earliest of:
(1) the date the corporation receives the mail;
(2) the date shown on the return receipt, if signed on behalf of the corporation; or
(3) five days after its deposit in the U.S. Mail, as evidenced by the postmark, if mailed postpaid and correctly addressed.
(c) This section does not prescribe the only means, or necessarily the required means of serving a corporation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Shares and Distributions

Section 293-A:6.01

    293-A:6.01 Authorized Shares. –
(a) The articles of incorporation must set forth any classes of shares and series of shares within a class, and the number of shares of each class and series, that the corporation is authorized to issue. If more than one class or series of shares is authorized, the articles of incorporation must prescribe a distinguishing designation for each class or series and must describe, prior to the issuance of shares of a class or series, the terms, including the preferences, rights, and limitations, of that class or series. Except to the extent varied as permitted by this section, all shares of a class or series must have terms, including preferences, rights, and limitations that are identical with those of other shares of the same class or series.
(b) The articles of incorporation must authorize:
(1) one or more classes or series of shares that together have unlimited voting rights, and
(2) one or more classes or series of shares (which may be the same class or classes as those with voting rights) that together are entitled to receive the net assets of the corporation upon dissolution.
(c) The articles of incorporation may authorize one or more classes or series of shares that:
(1) have special, conditional, or limited voting rights, or no right to vote, except to the extent otherwise provided by this chapter;
(2) are redeemable or convertible as specified in the articles of incorporation:
(i) at the option of the corporation, the shareholder, or another person or upon the occurrence of a specified event;
(ii) for cash, indebtedness, securities, or other property; and
(iii) at prices and in amounts specified, or determined in accordance with a formula;
(3) entitle the holders to distributions calculated in any manner, including dividends that may be cumulative, noncumulative, or partially cumulative; or
(4) have preference over any other class or series of shares with respect to distributions, including distributions upon the dissolution of the corporation.
(d) Terms of shares may be made dependent upon facts objectively ascertainable outside the articles of incorporation in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.20(j).
(e) Any of the terms of shares may vary among holders of the same class or series so long as such variations are expressly set forth in the articles of incorporation.
(f) The description of the preferences, rights and limitations of classes or series of shares in RSA 293-A:6.01(c) is not exhaustive.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.02

    293-A:6.02 Terms of Class or Series Determined by Board of Directors. –
(a) If the articles of incorporation so provide, the board of directors is authorized, without shareholder approval, to:
(1) classify any authorized and unissued shares into one or more classes or into one or more series within a class,
(2) reclassify any authorized and unissued shares of any class into one or more classes or into one or more series within one or more classes, or
(3) reclassify any authorized and unissued shares of any series of any class into one or more classes or into one or more series within a class.
(b) If the board of directors acts pursuant to subsection (a), it must determine the terms, including the preferences, rights and limitations, to the same extent permitted under RSA 293-A:6.01, of:
(1) any class of shares before the issuance of any shares of that class, or
(2) any series within a class before the issuance of any shares of that series.
(c) Before issuing any shares of a class or series created under this section, the corporation must deliver to the secretary of state for filing articles of amendment setting forth the terms determined under RSA 293-A:6.02(a).

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.03

    293-A:6.03 Issued and Outstanding Shares. –
(a) A corporation may issue the number of shares of each class or series authorized by the articles of incorporation. Shares that are issued are outstanding shares until they are reacquired, redeemed, converted, or cancelled.
(b) The reacquisition, redemption, or conversion of outstanding shares is subject to the limitations of RSA 293-A:6.03(c) and RSA 293-A:6.40.
(c) At all times that shares of the corporation are outstanding, one or more shares that together have unlimited voting rights and one or more shares that together are entitled to receive the net assets of the corporation upon dissolution must be outstanding.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.04

    293-A:6.04 Fractional Shares. –
(a) A corporation may:
(1) issue fractions of a share or pay in money the value of fractions of a share;
(2) arrange for disposition of fractional shares by the shareholders;
(3) issue scrip in registered or bearer form entitling the holder to receive a full share upon surrendering enough scrip to equal a full share.
(b) Each certificate representing scrip must be conspicuously labeled "scrip" and must contain the information required by RSA 293-A:6.25(b).
(c) The holder of a fractional share is entitled to exercise the rights of a shareholder, including the right to vote, to receive dividends, and to participate in the assets of the corporation upon liquidation. The holder of scrip is not entitled to any of these rights unless the scrip provides for them.
(d) The board of directors may authorize the issuance of scrip subject to any condition considered desirable, including:
(1) that the scrip will become void if not exchanged for full shares before a specified date; and
(2) that the shares for which the scrip is exchangeable may be sold and the proceeds paid to the scripholders.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.20

    293-A:6.20 Subscription for Shares Before Incorporation. –
(a) A subscription for shares entered into before incorporation is irrevocable for 6 months unless the subscription agreement provides a longer or shorter period or all the subscribers agree to revocation.
(b) The board of directors may determine the payment terms of subscription for shares that were entered into before incorporation, unless the subscription agreement specifies them. A call for payment by the board of directors must be uniform so far as practicable as to all shares of the same class or series, unless the subscription agreement specifies otherwise.
(c) Shares issued pursuant to subscriptions entered into before incorporation are fully paid and nonassessable when the corporation receives the consideration specified in the subscription agreement.
(d) If a subscriber defaults in payment of money or property under a subscription agreement entered into before incorporation, the corporation may collect the amount owed as any other debt. Alternatively, unless the subscription agreement provides otherwise, the corporation may rescind the agreement and may sell the shares if the debt remains unpaid for more than 20 days after the corporation sends a written demand for payment to the subscriber.
(e) A subscription agreement entered into after incorporation is a contract between the subscriber and the corporation subject to RSA 293-A:6.21.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.21

    293-A:6.21 Issuance of Shares. –
(a) The powers granted in this section to the board of directors may be reserved to the shareholders, either exclusively or concurrently with the powers of the directors, by the articles of incorporation.
(b) The board of directors may authorize shares to be issued for consideration consisting of any tangible or intangible property or benefit to the corporation, including cash, promissory notes, services performed, contracts for services to be performed, or other securities of the corporation.
(c) Before the corporation issues shares, the board of directors must determine that the consideration received or to be received for shares to be issued is adequate. That determination by the board of directors is conclusive insofar as the adequacy of consideration for the issuance of shares relates to whether the shares are validly issued, fully paid, and nonassessable.
(d) The articles of incorporation may limit the type or specify the minimum amount of consideration for which the shares of any class or series may be issued. A reference in the articles of incorporation to par value shall not, by itself, be deemed to be a specification of the minimum amount.
(e) Notwithstanding RSA 293-A:6.21(d), when the corporation receives the consideration for which the board of directors authorized the issuance of shares, the shares issued therefore are fully paid and nonassessable.
(f) The corporation may place in escrow shares issued for a contract for future services or benefits or a promissory note, or make other arrangements to restrict the transfer of the shares, and may credit distributions in respect of the shares against their purchase price, until the services are performed, the note is paid, or the benefits received. If the services are not performed, the note is not paid, or the benefits are not received, the shares escrowed or restricted and the distributions credited may be cancelled in whole or part.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.22

    293-A:6.22 Liability of Shareholders. –
(a) A purchaser from a corporation of its own shares is not liable to the corporation or its creditors with respect to the shares except to pay the consideration for which the shares were authorized to be issued (see RSA 293-A:6.21) or specified in the subscription agreement (see RSA 293-A:6.20).
(b) Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation, a shareholder of a corporation is not personally liable for the acts or debts of the corporation except that he or she may become personally liable by reason of his or her own acts or conduct.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.23

    293-A:6.23 Share Dividends. –
(a) Unless the articles of incorporation provide otherwise, shares may be issued pro rata and without consideration to the corporation's shareholders or to the shareholders of one or more classes or series. An issuance of shares under this subsection is a share dividend.
(b) Shares of one class or series may not be issued as a share dividend in respect of shares of another class or series unless (1) the articles of incorporation so authorize, (2) a majority of the votes entitled to be cast by the class or series to be issued approve the issue, or (3) there are no outstanding shares of the class or series to be issued.
(c) If the board of directors does not fix the record date for determining shareholders entitled to a share dividend, it is the date the board of directors authorizes the share dividend.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.24

    293-A:6.24 Share Options. –
(a) A corporation may issue rights, options, or warrants for the purchase of shares or other securities of the corporation. The board of directors shall determine (i) the terms upon which the rights, options, or warrants are issued and (ii) the terms, including the consideration for which the shares or other securities are to be issued. The authorization by the board of directors for the corporation to issue such rights, options, or warrants constitutes authorization of the issuance of the shares or other securities for which the rights, options or warrants are exercisable.
(b) The terms and conditions of such rights, options, or warrants, including those outstanding on the effective date of this section, may include, without limitation, restrictions or conditions that:
(1) preclude or limit the exercise, transfer, or receipt of such rights, options, or warrants by any person or persons owning or offering to acquire a specified number or percentage of the outstanding shares or other securities of the corporation or by any transferee or transferees of any such person or persons, or that preclude or limit the exercise, transfer or receipt based on such other factors, including the nature or identity of such person or persons, as the directors determine to be reasonable and in the best interests of the corporation, or
(2) invalidate or void such rights, options, or warrants held by any such person or persons or any such transferee or transferees.
(c) The board of directors may authorize one or more officers to (1) designate the recipients of rights, options, warrants, or other equity compensation awards that involve the issuance of shares and (2) determine, within an amount and subject to any other limitations established by the board and, if applicable, the stockholders, the number of such rights, options, warrants, or other equity compensation awards and the terms thereof to be received by the recipients, provided that an officer may not use such authority to designate himself or herself or any other persons the board of directors may specify as a recipient of such rights, options, warrants, or other equity compensation awards.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.25

    293-A:6.25 Form and Content of Certificates. –
(a) Shares may but need not be represented by certificates. Unless this chapter or another statute expressly provides otherwise, the rights and obligations of shareholders are identical whether or not their shares are represented by certificates.
(b) At a minimum each share certificate must state on its face:
(1) the name of the issuing corporation and that it is organized under the law of this state;
(2) the name of the person to whom issued; and
(3) the number and class of shares and the designation of the series, if any, the certificate represents.
(c) If the issuing corporation is authorized to issue different classes of shares or different series within a class, the designations, relative rights, preferences, and limitations applicable to each class and the variations in rights, preferences, and limitations determined for each series (and the authority of the board of directors to determine variations for future series) must be summarized on the front or back of each certificate. Alternatively, each certificate may state conspicuously on its front or back that the corporation will furnish the shareholder this information on request in writing and without charge.
(d) Each share certificate (1) must be signed (either manually or in facsimile) by 2 officers designated in the bylaws or by the board of directors and (2) may bear the corporate seal or its facsimile.
(e) If the person who signed (either manually or in facsimile) a share certificate no longer holds office when the certificate is issued, the certificate is nevertheless valid.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.26

    293-A:6.26 Shares Without Certificates. –
(a) Unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws provide otherwise, the board of directors of a corporation may authorize the issue of some or all of the shares of any or all of its classes or series without certificates. The authorization does not affect shares already represented by certificates until they are surrendered to the corporation.
(b) Within a reasonable time after the issue or transfer of shares without certificates, the corporation shall send the shareholder a written statement of the information required on certificates by RSA 293-A:6.25(b) and (c), and, if applicable, RSA 293-A:6.27.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.27

    293-A:6.27 Restriction on Transfer of Shares and Other Securities. –
(a) The articles of incorporation, bylaws, an agreement among shareholders, or an agreement between shareholders and the corporation may impose restrictions on the transfer or registration of transfer of shares of the corporation. A restriction does not affect shares issued before the restriction was adopted unless the holders of the shares are parties to the restriction agreement or voted in favor of the restriction.
(b) A restriction on the transfer or registration of transfer of shares is valid and enforceable against the holder or a transferee of the holder if the restriction is authorized by this section and its existence is noted conspicuously on the front or back of the certificate or is contained in the information statement required by RSA 293-A:6.26(b). Unless so noted or contained, a restriction is not enforceable against a person without knowledge of the restriction.
(c) A restriction on the transfer or registration of transfer of shares is authorized:
(1) to maintain the corporation's status when it is dependent on the number or identity of its shareholders;
(2) to preserve exemptions under federal or state securities law;
(3) for any other reasonable purpose.
(d) A restriction on the transfer or registration of transfer of shares may:
(1) obligate the shareholder first to offer the corporation or other persons (separately, consecutively, or simultaneously) an opportunity to acquire the restricted shares;
(2) obligate the corporation or other persons (separately, consecutively, or simultaneously) to acquire the restricted shares;
(3) require the corporation, the holders of any class of its shares, or another person to approve the transfer of the restricted shares, if the requirement is not manifestly unreasonable;
(4) prohibit the transfer of the restricted shares to designated persons or classes of persons, if the prohibition is not manifestly unreasonable.
(e) For purposes of this section, "shares" includes a security convertible into or carrying a right to subscribe for or acquire shares.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.28

    293-A:6.28 Expense of Issue. – A corporation may pay the expenses of selling or underwriting its shares, and of organizing or reorganizing the corporation, from the consideration received for shares.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.30

    293-A:6.30 Shareholders' Preemptive Rights. –
(a) The shareholders of a corporation do not have a preemptive right to acquire the corporation's unissued shares unless the articles of incorporation contain a statement that "the corporation elects to have preemptive rights," or words of similar import.
(b) A corporation electing to have preemptive rights may include in its articles of incorporation a statement prescribing the type and extent of preemptive rights granted to the shareholders. The statement may include, modify, or exclude any of the terms provided under subdivisions (1) through (6) of RSA 293-A:6.30(b). If the articles of incorporation of a corporation electing to have preemptive rights do not include a statement prescribing the preemptive rights, the following terms shall apply:
(1) The shareholders of the corporation have a preemptive right, granted on uniform terms and conditions prescribed by the board of directors to provide a fair and reasonable opportunity to exercise the right, to acquire proportional amounts of the corporation's unissued shares upon the decision of the board of directors to issue them.
(2) A shareholder may waive his preemptive right. A waiver evidenced by a writing is irrevocable even though it is not supported by consideration.
(3) There is no preemptive right with respect to:
(i) shares issued as compensation to directors, officers, agents, or employees of the corporation, its subsidiaries or affiliates;
(ii) shares issued to satisfy conversion or option rights created to provide compensation to directors, officers, agents, or employees of the corporation, its subsidiaries or affiliates;
(iii) shares authorized in articles of incorporation that are issued within 6 months from the effective date of incorporation;
(iv) shares sold otherwise than for money.
(4) Holders of shares of any class without general voting rights but with preferential rights to distributions or assets have no preemptive rights with respect to shares of any class.
(5) Holders of shares of any class with general voting rights but without preferential rights to distributions or assets have no preemptive rights with respect to shares of any class with preferential rights to distributions or assets unless the shares with preferential rights are convertible into or carry a right to subscribe for or acquire shares without preferential rights.
(6) Shares subject to preemptive rights that are not acquired by shareholders may be issued to any person for a period of one year after being offered to shareholders at a consideration set by the board of directors that is not lower than the consideration set for the exercise of preemptive rights. An offer at a lower consideration or after the expiration of one year is subject to the shareholders' preemptive rights.
(c) For purposes of this section, "shares" includes a security convertible into or carrying a right to subscribe for or acquire shares.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.31

    293-A:6.31 Corporation's Acquisition of Its Own Shares. –
(a) A corporation may acquire its own shares, and shares so acquired constitute authorized but unissued shares.
(b) If the articles of incorporation prohibit the reissue of the acquired shares, the number of authorized shares is reduced by the number of shares acquired.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:6.40

    293-A:6.40 Distributions to Shareholders. –
(a) A board of directors may authorize and the corporation may make distributions to its shareholders subject to restriction by the articles of incorporation and the limitation in RSA 293-A:6.40(c).
(b) If the board of directors does not fix the record date for determining shareholders entitled to a distribution (other than one involving a purchase, redemption, or other acquisition of the corporation's shares), it is the date the board of directors authorizes the distribution.
(c) No distribution may be made if, after giving it effect:
(1) the corporation would not be able to pay its debts as they become due in the usual course of business; or
(2) the corporation's total assets would be less than the sum of its total liabilities plus (unless the articles of incorporation permit otherwise) the amount that would be needed, if the corporation were to be dissolved at the time of the distribution, to satisfy the preferential rights upon dissolution of shareholders whose preferential rights are superior to those receiving the distribution.
(d) The board of directors may base a determination that a distribution is not prohibited under RSA 293-A:6.40(c) either on financial statements prepared on the basis of accounting practices and principles that are reasonable in the circumstances or on a fair valuation or other method that is reasonable in the circumstances.
(e) Except as provided in RSA 293-A:6.40(g), the effect of a distribution under RSA 293-A:6.40(c) is measured:
(1) in the case of distribution by purchase, redemption, or other acquisition of the corporation's shares, as of the earlier of (i) the date money or other property is transferred or debt incurred by the corporation or (ii) the date the shareholder ceases to be a shareholder with respect to the acquired shares;
(2) in the case of any other distribution of indebtedness, as of the date the indebtedness is distributed; and
(3) in all other cases, as of (i) the date the distribution is authorized if the payment occurs within 120 days after the date of authorization or (ii) the date the payment is made if it occurs more than 120 days after the date of authorization.
(f) A corporation's indebtedness to a shareholder incurred by reason of a distribution made in accordance with this section is at parity with the corporation's indebtedness to its general, unsecured creditors except to the extent subordinated by agreement.
(g) Indebtedness of a corporation, including indebtedness issued as a distribution, is not considered a liability for purposes of determinations under subsection (c) if its terms provide that payment of principal and interest are made only if and to the extent that payment of a distribution to shareholders could then be made under this section. If the indebtedness is issued as a distribution, each payment of principal or interest is treated as a distribution, the effect of which is measured on the date the payment is actually made.
(h) This section shall not apply to distributions in liquidation under RSA 293-A:14.01 through RSA 293-A:14.34.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Shareholders

Section 293-A:7.01

    293-A:7.01 Annual Meeting. –
(a) Unless directors are elected by written consent in lieu of an annual meeting as permitted by RSA 293-A:7.04, a corporation shall hold a meeting of shareholders annually at a time stated in or fixed in accordance with the bylaws; provided, however, that if a corporation's articles of incorporation authorize shareholders to cumulate their votes when electing directors pursuant to RSA 293-A:7.28, directors may not be elected by less than unanimous consent.
(b) Annual shareholders' meetings may be held in or out of this state at the place stated in or fixed in accordance with the bylaws. If no place is stated in or fixed in accordance with the bylaws, annual meetings shall be held at the corporation's principal office.
(c) The failure to hold an annual meeting at the time stated in or fixed in accordance with a corporation's bylaws does not affect the validity of any corporate action.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.02

    293-A:7.02 Special Meeting. –
(a) A corporation shall hold a special meeting of shareholders:
(1) on call of its board of directors or the person or persons authorized to do so by the articles of incorporation or bylaws; or
(2) if the holders of at least 10 percent of all the votes entitled to be cast on an issue proposed to be considered at the proposed special meeting sign, date, and deliver to the corporation one or more written demands for the meeting describing the purpose or purposes for which it is to be held, provided that the articles of incorporation may fix a lower percentage or a higher percentage not exceeding 25 percent of all the votes entitled to be cast on any issue proposed to be considered. Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation, a written demand for a special meeting may be revoked by a writing to that effect received by the corporation prior to the receipt by the corporation of demands sufficient in number to require the holding of a special meeting.
(b) If not otherwise fixed under RSA 293-A:7.03 or RSA 293-A:7.07 the record date for determining shareholders entitled to demand a special meeting is the date the first shareholder signs the demand.
(c) Special shareholders' meetings may be held in or out of this state at the place stated in or fixed in accordance with the bylaws. If no place is stated or fixed in accordance with the bylaws, special meetings shall be held at the corporation's principal office.
(d) Only business within the purpose or purposes described in the meeting notice required by RSA 293-A:7.05(c), may be conducted at a special shareholders' meeting.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.03

    293-A:7.03 Court-Ordered Meeting. –
(a) The superior court of the county where a corporation's principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is located may summarily order a meeting to be held:
(1) on application of any shareholder of the corporation entitled to participate in an annual meeting if an annual meeting was not held or action by written consent in lieu thereof did not become effective within the earlier of 6 months after the end of the corporation's fiscal year or 15 months after its last annual meeting; or
(2) on application of a shareholder who signed a demand for a special meeting valid under RSA 293-A:7.02, if:
(i) notice of the special meeting was not given within 30 days after the date the demand was delivered to the corporation's secretary; or
(ii) the special meeting was not held in accordance with the notice.
(b) The court may fix the time and place of the meeting, determine the shares entitled to participate in the meeting, specify a record date or dates for determining shareholders entitled to notice of and to vote at the meeting, prescribe the form and content of the meeting notice, fix the quorum required for specific matters to be considered at the meeting (or direct that the votes represented at the meeting constitute a quorum for action on those matters), and enter other orders necessary to accomplish the purpose or purposes of the meeting.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.04

    293-A:7.04 Action Without Meeting. –
(a) Action required or permitted by this chapter to be taken at a shareholders' meeting may be taken without a meeting if the action is taken by all the shareholders entitled to vote on the action. The action must be evidenced by one or more written consents bearing the date of signature and describing the action taken, signed by all the shareholders entitled to vote on the action and delivered to the corporation for inclusion in the minutes or filing with the corporate records.
(b) The articles of incorporation may provide that any action required or permitted by this chapter to be taken at a shareholders' meeting may be taken without a meeting, and without prior notice, if consents in writing setting forth the action so taken are signed by the holders of outstanding shares having not less than the minimum number of votes that would be required to authorize or take the action at a meeting at which all shares entitled to vote on the action were present and voted. The written consent shall bear the date of signature of the shareholder who signs the consent and be delivered to the corporation for inclusion in the minutes or filing with the corporate records.
(c) If not otherwise fixed under RSA 293-A:7.07 and if prior board action is not required respecting the action to be taken without a meeting, the record date for determining the shareholders entitled to take action without a meeting shall be the first date on which a signed written consent is delivered to the corporation. If not otherwise fixed under RSA 293-A:7.07 and if prior board action is required respecting the action to be taken without a meeting, the record date shall be the close of business on the day the resolution of the board taking such prior action is adopted. No written consent shall be effective to take the corporate action referred to therein unless, within 60 days of the earliest date on which a consent delivered to the corporation as required by this section was signed, written consents signed by sufficient shareholders to take the action have been delivered to the corporation. A written consent may be revoked by a writing to that effect delivered to the corporation before unrevoked written consents sufficient in number to take the corporate action are delivered to the corporation.
(d) A consent signed pursuant to the provisions of this section has the effect of a vote taken at a meeting and may be described as such in any document. Unless the articles of incorporation, bylaws or a resolution of the board of directors provides for a reasonable delay to permit tabulation of written consents, the action taken by written consent shall be effective when written consents signed by sufficient shareholders to take the action are delivered to the corporation.
(e) If this chapter requires that notice of a proposed action be given to nonvoting shareholders and the action is to be taken by written consent of the voting shareholders, the corporation must give its nonvoting shareholders written notice of the action not more than 10 days after (i) written consents sufficient to take the action have been delivered to the corporation, or (ii) such later date that tabulation of consents is completed pursuant to an authorization under subsection (d). The notice must reasonably describe the action taken and contain or be accompanied by the same material that, under any provision of this chapter, would have been required to be sent to nonvoting shareholders in a notice of a meeting at which the proposed action would have been submitted to the shareholders for action.
(f) If action is taken by less than unanimous written consent of the voting shareholders, the corporation must give its nonconsenting voting shareholders written notice of the action promptly after (i) written consents sufficient to take the action have been delivered to the corporation, or (ii) such later date that tabulation of consents is completed pursuant to an authorization under subsection (d). The notice must reasonably describe the action taken and contain or be accompanied by the same material that, under any provision of this chapter, would have been required to be sent to voting shareholders in a notice of a meeting at which the action would have been submitted to the shareholders for action.
(g) The notice requirements in subsections (e) and (f) shall not delay the effectiveness of actions taken by written consent, and a failure to comply with such notice requirements shall not invalidate actions taken by written consent, provided that this subsection shall not be deemed to limit judicial power to fashion any appropriate remedy in favor of a shareholder adversely affected by a failure to give such notice within the required time period.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.05

    293-A:7.05 Notice of Meeting. –
(a) A corporation shall notify shareholders of the date, time, and place of each annual and special shareholders' meeting no fewer than 10 nor more than 60 days before the meeting date. The notice shall include the record date for determining the shareholders entitled to vote at the meeting, if such date is different than the record date for determining shareholders entitled to notice of the meeting. If the board of directors has authorized participation by means of remote communication pursuant to RSA 293-A:7.09 for any class or series of shareholders, the notice to such class or series of shareholders shall describe the means of remote communication to be used. Unless this chapter or the articles of incorporation require otherwise, the corporation is required to give notice only to shareholders entitled to vote at the meeting as of the record date for determining the shareholders entitled to notice of the meeting.
(b) Unless this chapter or the articles of incorporation require otherwise, notice of an annual meeting need not include a description of the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called.
(c) Notice of a special meeting must include a description of the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called.
(d) If not otherwise fixed under RSA 293-A:7.03 or RSA 293-A:7.07 the record date for determining shareholders entitled to notice of and to vote at an annual or special shareholders' meeting is the day before the first notice is delivered to shareholders.
(e) Unless the bylaws require otherwise, if an annual or special shareholders' meeting is adjourned to a different date, time, or place, notice need not be given of the new date, time, or place if the new date, time, or place is announced at the meeting before adjournment. If a new record date for the adjourned meeting is or must be fixed under RSA 293-A:7.07 however, notice of the adjourned meeting must be given under this section to shareholders entitled to vote at such adjourned meeting as of the record date fixed for notice of such adjourned meeting.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.06

    293-A:7.06 Waiver of Notice. –
(a) A shareholder may waive any notice required by this chapter, the articles of incorporation, or bylaws before or after the date and time stated in the notice. The waiver must be in writing, be signed by the shareholder entitled to the notice, and be delivered to the corporation for inclusion in the minutes or filing with the corporate records.
(b) A shareholder's attendance at a meeting:
(1) waives objection to lack of notice or defective notice of the meeting, unless the shareholder at the beginning of the meeting objects to holding the meeting or transacting business at the meeting;
(2) waives objection to consideration of a particular matter at the meeting that is not within the purpose or purposes described in the meeting notice, unless the shareholder objects to considering the matter when it is presented.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.07

    293-A:7.07 Record Date. –
(a) The bylaws may fix or provide the manner of fixing the record date or dates for one or more voting groups in order to determine the shareholders entitled to notice of a shareholders' meeting, to demand a special meeting, to vote, or to take any other action. If the bylaws do not fix or provide for fixing a record date, the board of directors of the corporation may fix a future date as the record date.
(b) A record date fixed under this section may not be more than 70 days before the meeting or action requiring a determination of shareholders.
(c) A determination of shareholders entitled to notice of or to vote at a shareholders' meeting is effective for any adjournment of the meeting unless the board of directors fixes a new record date or dates, which it must do if the meeting is adjourned to a date more than 120 days after the date fixed for the original meeting.
(d) If a court orders a meeting adjourned to a date more than 120 days after the date fixed for the original meeting, it may provide that the original record date or dates continue in effect or it may fix a new record date or dates.
(e) The record date for a shareholders' meeting fixed by or in the manner provided in the bylaws or by the board of directors shall be the record date for determining shareholders entitled both to notice of and to vote at the shareholders' meeting, unless in the case of a record date fixed by the board of directors and to the extent not prohibited by the bylaws, the board, at the time it fixes the record date for shareholders entitled to notice of the meeting, fixes a later record date on or before the date of the meeting to determine the shareholders entitled to vote at the meeting.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.08

    293-A:7.08 Conduct of the Meeting. –
(a) At each meeting of shareholders, a chair shall preside. The chair shall be appointed as provided in the bylaws or, in the absence of such provision, by the board.
(b) The chair, unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws provide otherwise, shall determine the order of business and shall have the authority to establish rules for the conduct of the meeting.
(c) Any rules adopted for, and the conduct of, the meeting shall be fair to shareholders.
(d) The chair of the meeting shall announce at the meeting when the polls close for each matter voted upon. If no announcement is made, the polls shall be deemed to have closed upon the final adjournment of the meeting. After the polls close, no ballots, proxies, or votes nor any revocations or changes thereto may be accepted.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.09

    293-A:7.09 Remote Participation in Annual and Special Meetings. –
(a) Shareholders of any class or series may participate in any meeting of shareholders by means of remote communication to the extent the board of directors authorizes such participation for such class or series. Participation by means of remote communication shall be subject to such guidelines and procedures as the board of directors adopts, and shall be in conformity with subsection (b).
(b) Shareholders participating in a shareholders' meeting by means of remote communication shall be deemed present and may vote at such a meeting if the corporation has implemented reasonable measures:
(1) to verify that each person participating remotely is a shareholder, and
(2) to provide such shareholders a reasonable opportunity to participate in the meeting and to vote on matters submitted to the shareholders, including an opportunity to communicate, and to read or hear the proceedings of the meeting, substantially concurrently with such proceedings.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.20

    293-A:7.20 Shareholders' List for Meeting. –
(a) After fixing a record date for a meeting, a corporation shall prepare an alphabetical list of the names of all its shareholders who are entitled to notice of a shareholders' meeting. If the board of directors fixes a different record date under RSA 293-A:7.07(e) to determine the shareholders entitled to vote at the meeting, a corporation also shall prepare an alphabetical list of the names of all its shareholders who are entitled to vote at the meeting. A list must be arranged by voting group (and within each voting group by class or series of shares) and show the address of and number of shares held by each shareholder.
(b) The shareholders' list for notice must be available for inspection by any shareholder, beginning 2 business days after notice of the meeting is given for which the list was prepared and continuing through the meeting, at the corporation's principal office or at a place identified in the meeting notice in the city where the meeting will be held. A shareholders' list for voting must be similarly available for inspection promptly after the record date for voting. A shareholder, or the shareholder's agent or attorney, is entitled on written demand to inspect and, subject to the requirements of RSA 293-A:16.02(d) to copy a list, during regular business hours and at the shareholder's expense, during the period it is available for inspection.
(c) The corporation shall make the list of shareholders entitled to vote available at the meeting, and any shareholder, or the shareholder's agent or attorney, is entitled to inspect the list at any time during the meeting or any adjournment.
(d) If the corporation refuses to allow a shareholder, or the shareholder's agent or attorney. to inspect a shareholders' list before or at the meeting (or copy a list as permitted by subsection (b)), the superior court of the county where a corporation's principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is located, on application of the shareholder, may summarily order the inspection or copying at the corporation's expense and may postpone the meeting for which the list was prepared until the inspection or copying is complete.
(e) Refusal or failure to prepare or make available a shareholders' list does not affect the validity of action taken at the meeting.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.21

    293-A:7.21 Voting Entitlement of Shares. –
(a) Except as provided in subsections (b) and (d) or unless the articles of incorporation provide otherwise, each outstanding share, regardless of class, is entitled to one vote on each matter voted on at a shareholders' meeting. Only shares are entitled to vote.
(b) Absent special circumstances, the shares of a corporation are not entitled to vote if they are owned, directly or indirectly, by a second corporation, domestic or foreign, and the first corporation owns, directly or indirectly, a majority of the shares entitled to vote for directors of the second corporation.
(c) Subsection (b) does not limit the power of a corporation to vote any shares, including its own shares, held by it in a fiduciary capacity.
(d) Redeemable shares are not entitled to vote after notice of redemption is mailed to the holders and a sum sufficient to redeem the shares has been deposited with a bank, trust company, or other financial institution under an irrevocable obligation to pay the holders the redemption price on surrender of the shares.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.22

    293-A:7.22 Proxies. –
(a) A shareholder may vote the shareholder's shares in person or by proxy.
(b) A shareholder, or the shareholder's agent or attorney-in-fact, may appoint a proxy to vote or otherwise act for the shareholder by signing an appointment form, or by an electronic transmission. An electronic transmission must contain or be accompanied by information from which the recipient can determine the date of the transmission, and that the transmission was authorized by the sender or the sender's agent or attorney-in-fact.
(c) An appointment of a proxy is effective when a signed appointment form or an electronic transmission of the appointment is received by the inspector of election or the officer or agent of the corporation authorized to tabulate votes. An appointment is valid for 11 months unless a longer period is expressly provided in the appointment form.
(d) An appointment of a proxy is revocable unless the appointment form or electronic transmission states that it is irrevocable and the appointment is coupled with an interest. Appointments coupled with an interest include the appointment of:
(1) a pledgee;
(2) a person who purchased or agreed to purchase the shares;
(3) a creditor of the corporation who extended it credit under terms requiring the appointment;
(4) an employee of the corporation whose employment contract requires the appointment; or
(5) a party to a voting agreement created under RSA 293-A:7.31.
(e) The death or incapacity of the shareholder appointing a proxy does not affect the right of the corporation to accept the proxy's authority unless notice of the death or incapacity is received by the secretary or other officer or agent authorized to tabulate votes before the proxy exercises authority under the appointment.
(f) An appointment made irrevocable under subsection (d) is revoked when the interest with which it is coupled is extinguished.
(g) A transferee for value of shares subject to an irrevocable appointment may revoke the appointment if the transferee did not know of its existence when acquiring the shares and the existence of the irrevocable appointment was not noted conspicuously on the certificate representing the shares or on the information statement for shares without certificates.
(h) Subject to RSA 293-A:7.24 and to any express limitation on the proxy's authority stated in the appointment form or electronic transmission, a corporation is entitled to accept the proxy's vote or other action as that of the shareholder making the appointment.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.23

    293-A:7.23 Shares Held by Nominees. –
(a) A corporation may establish a procedure by which the beneficial owner of shares that are registered in the name of a nominee is recognized by the corporation as the shareholder. The extent of this recognition may be determined in the procedure.
(b) The procedure may set forth:
(1) the types of nominees to which it applies;
(2) the rights or privileges that the corporation recognizes in a beneficial owner;
(3) the manner in which the procedure is selected by the nominee;
(4) the information that must be provided when the procedure is selected;
(5) the period for which selection of the procedure is effective; and
(6) other aspects of the rights and duties created.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.24

    293-A:7.24 Corporation's Acceptance of Votes. –
(a) If the name signed on a vote, consent, waiver, or proxy appointment corresponds to the name of a shareholder, the corporation if acting in good faith is entitled to accept the vote, consent, waiver, or proxy appointment and give it effect as the act of the shareholder.
(b) If the name signed on a vote, consent, waiver, or proxy appointment does not correspond to the name of its shareholder, the corporation if acting in good faith is nevertheless entitled to accept the vote, consent, waiver, or proxy appointment and give it effect as the act of the shareholder if:
(1) the shareholder is an entity and the name signed purports to be that of an officer or agent of the entity;
(2) the name signed purports to be that of an administrator, executor, guardian, or conservator representing the shareholder and, if the corporation requests, evidence of fiduciary status acceptable to the corporation has been presented with respect to the vote, consent, waiver, or proxy appointment;
(3) the name signed purports to be that of a receiver or trustee in bankruptcy of the shareholder and, if the corporation requests, evidence of this status acceptable to the corporation has been presented with respect to the vote, consent, waiver, or proxy appointment;
(4) the name signed purports to be that of a pledgee, beneficial owner, or attorney-in-fact of the shareholder and, if the corporation requests, evidence acceptable to the corporation of the signatory's authority to sign for the shareholder has been presented with respect to the vote, consent, waiver, or proxy appointment;
(5) two or more persons are the shareholder as co-tenants or fiduciaries and the name signed purports to be the name of at least one of the co-owners and the person signing appears to be acting on behalf of all the co-owners.
(c) The corporation is entitled to reject a vote, consent, waiver, or proxy appointment if the secretary or other officer or agent authorized to tabulate votes, acting in good faith, has reasonable basis for doubt about the validity of the signature on it or about the signatory's authority to sign for the shareholder.
(d) The corporation and its officer or agent who accepts or rejects a vote, consent, waiver, or proxy appointment in good faith and in accordance with the standards of this section or RSA 293-A:7.22(b) are not liable in damages to the shareholder for the consequences of the acceptance or rejection.
(e) Corporate action based on the acceptance or rejection of a vote, consent, waiver, or proxy appointment under this section is valid unless a court of competent jurisdiction determines otherwise.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.25

    293-A:7.25 Quorum and Voting Requirements for Voting Groups. –
(a) Shares entitled to vote as a separate voting group may take action on a matter at a meeting only if a quorum of those shares exists with respect to that matter. Unless the articles of incorporation provides otherwise, a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter by the voting group constitutes a quorum of that voting group for action on that matter.
(b) Once a share is represented for any purpose at a meeting, it is deemed present for quorum purposes for the remainder of the meeting and for any adjournment of that meeting unless a new record date is or must be set for that adjourned meeting.
(c) If a quorum exists, action on a matter (other than the election of directors) by a voting group is approved if the votes cast within the voting group favoring the action exceed the votes cast opposing the action, unless the articles of incorporation require a greater number of affirmative votes.
(d) An amendment of articles of incorporation adding, changing, or deleting a quorum or voting requirement for a voting group greater than specified in subsection (a) or (c) is governed by RSA 293-A:7.27.
(e) The election of directors is governed by RSA 293-A:7.28.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.26

    293-A:7.26 Action by Single and Multiple Voting Groups. –
(a) If the articles of incorporation or this chapter provide for voting by a single voting group on a matter, action on that matter is taken when voted upon by that voting group as provided in RSA 293-A:7.25.
(b) If the articles of incorporation or this chapter provide for voting by 2 or more voting groups on a matter, action on that matter is taken only when voted upon by each of those voting groups counted separately as provided in RSA 293-A:7.25. Action may be taken by one voting group on a matter even though no action is taken by another voting group entitled to vote on the matter.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.27

    293-A:7.27 Greater Quorum or Voting Requirements. –
(a) The articles of incorporation may provide for a greater quorum or voting requirement for shareholders (or voting groups of shareholders) than is provided for by this chapter.
(b) An amendment to the articles of incorporation that adds, changes, or deletes a greater quorum or voting requirement must meet the same quorum requirement and be adopted by the same vote and voting groups required to take action under the quorum and voting requirements then in effect or proposed to be adopted, whichever is greater.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.28

    293-A:7.28 Voting for Directors; Cumulative Voting. –
(a) Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation, directors are elected by a plurality of the votes cast by the shares entitled to vote in the election at a meeting at which a quorum is present.
(b) Shareholders do not have a right to cumulate their votes for directors unless the articles of incorporation so provide.
(c) A statement included in the articles of incorporation that "all or a designated voting group of shareholders are entitled to cumulate their votes for directors" (or words of similar import) means that the shareholders designated are entitled to multiply the number of votes they are entitled to cast by the number of directors for whom they are entitled to vote and cast the product for a single candidate or distribute the product among 2 or more candidates.
(d) Shares otherwise entitled to vote cumulatively may not be voted cumulatively at a particular meeting unless:
(1) the meeting notice or proxy statement accompanying the notice states conspicuously that cumulative voting is authorized; or
(2) a shareholder who has the right to cumulate his votes gives notice to the corporation not less than 48 hours before the time set for the meeting of the shareholder's intent to cumulate votes during the meeting, and if one shareholder gives this notice all other shareholders in the same voting group participating in the election are entitled to cumulate their votes without giving further notice.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.30

    293-A:7.30 Voting Trusts. –
(a) One or more shareholders may create a voting trust, conferring on a trustee the right to vote or otherwise act for them, by signing an agreement setting out the provisions of the trust (which may include anything consistent with its purpose) and transferring their shares to the trustee. When a voting trust agreement is signed, the trustee shall prepare a list of the names and addresses of all owners of beneficial interests in the trust, together with the number and class of shares each transferred to the trust, and deliver copies of the list and agreement to the corporation's principal office.
(b) A voting trust becomes effective on the date the first shares subject to the trust are registered in the trustee's name. A voting trust is valid for not more than 10 years after its effective date unless extended under subsection (c).
(c) All or some of the parties to a voting trust may extend it for additional terms of not more than 10 years each by signing an extension agreement and obtaining the voting trustee's written consent to the extension. An extension is valid for 10 years from the date the first shareholder signs the extension agreement. The voting trustee must deliver copies of the extension agreement and list of beneficial owners to the corporation's principal office. An extension agreement binds only those parties signing it.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.31

    293-A:7.31 Voting Agreements. –
(a) Two or more shareholders may provide for the manner in which they will vote their shares by signing an agreement for that purpose. A voting agreement created under this section is not subject to the provisions of RSA 293-A:7.30.
(b) A voting agreement created under this section is specifically enforceable.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.32

    293-A:7.32 Shareholder Agreements. –
(a) An agreement among the shareholders of a corporation that complies with this section is effective among the shareholders and the corporation even though it is inconsistent with one or more other provisions of this chapter in that it:
(1) eliminates the board of directors or restricts the discretion or powers of the board of directors;
(2) governs the authorization or making of distributions whether or not in proportion to ownership of shares, subject to the limitations in RSA 293-A:6.40.
(3) establishes who shall be directors or officers of the corporation, or their terms of office or manner of selection or removal;
(4) governs, in general or in regard to specific matters, the exercise or division of voting power by or between the shareholders and directors or by or among any of them, including use of weighted voting rights or director proxies;
(5) establishes the terms and conditions of any agreement for the transfer or use of property or the provision of services between the corporation and any shareholder, director, officer or employee of the corporation or among any of them;
(6) transfers to one or more shareholders or other persons all or part of the authority to exercise the corporate powers or to manage the business and affairs of the corporation, including the resolution of any issue about which there exists a deadlock among directors or shareholders;
(7) requires dissolution of the corporation at the request of one or more of the shareholders or upon the occurrence of a specified event or contingency; or
(8) otherwise governs the exercise of the corporate powers or the management of the business and affairs of the corporation or the relationship among the shareholders, the directors, and the corporation, or among any of them, and is not contrary to public policy.
(b) An agreement authorized by this section shall be:
(1) as set forth (A) in the articles of incorporation or bylaws and approved by all persons who are shareholders at the time of the agreement or (B) in a written agreement that is signed by all persons who are shareholders at the time of the agreement and is made known to the corporation;
(2) subject to amendment only by all persons who are shareholders at the time of the amendment, unless the agreement provides otherwise; and
(3) valid for 10 years, unless the agreement provides otherwise.
(c) The existence of an agreement authorized by this section shall be noted conspicuously on the front or back of each certificate for outstanding shares or on the information statement as required by RSA 293-A:6.26(b). If at the time of the agreement the corporation has shares outstanding represented by certificates, the corporation shall recall the outstanding certificates and issue substitute certificates that comply with this subsection. The failure to note the existence of the agreement on the certificate or information statement shall not affect the validity of the agreement or any action taken pursuant to it. Any purchaser of shares who, at the time of purchase, did not have knowledge of the existence of the agreement shall be entitled to rescission of the purchase. A purchaser shall be deemed to have knowledge of the existence of the agreement if its existence is noted on the certificate or information statement for the shares in compliance with this subsection and, if the shares are not represented by a certificate, the information statement is delivered to the purchaser at or prior to the time of purchase of the shares. An action to enforce the right of rescission authorized by this subsection must be commenced within the earlier of 90 days after discovery of the existence of the agreement or 2 years after the time of purchase of the shares.
(d) An agreement authorized by this section shall cease to be effective when the corporation becomes a public corporation. If the agreement ceases to be effective for any reason, the board of directors may, if the agreement is contained or referred to in the corporation's articles of incorporation or bylaws, adopt an amendment to the articles of incorporation or bylaws, without shareholder action, to delete the agreement and any references to it.
(e) An agreement authorized by this section that limits the discretion or powers of the board of directors shall relieve the directors of, and impose upon the person or persons in whom such discretion or powers are vested, liability for acts or omissions imposed by law on directors to the extent that the discretion or powers of the directors are limited by the agreement.
(f) The existence or performance of an agreement authorized by this section shall not be a ground for imposing personal liability on any shareholder for the acts or debts of the corporation even if the agreement or its performance treats the corporation as if it were a partnership or results in failure to observe the corporate formalities otherwise applicable to the matters governed by the agreement.
(g) Incorporators or subscribers for shares may act as shareholders with respect to an agreement authorized by this section if no shares have been issued when the agreement is made.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.40

    293-A:7.40 Definitions. –
In this subdivision:
(1) "Derivative proceeding" means a civil suit in the right of a domestic corporation or, to the extent provided in RSA 293-A:7.47 in the right of a foreign corporation.
(2) "Shareholder" includes a beneficial owner whose shares are held in a voting trust or held by a nominee on the beneficial owner's behalf.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.41

    293-A:7.41 Standing. –
A shareholder may not commence or maintain a derivative proceeding unless the shareholder:
(1) was a shareholder of the corporation at the time of the act or omission complained of or became a shareholder through transfer by operation of law from one who was a shareholder at that time; and
(2) fairly and adequately represents the interests of the corporation in enforcing the right of the corporation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.42

    293-A:7.42 Demand. –
No shareholder may commence a derivative proceeding until:
(1) a written demand has been made upon the corporation to take suitable action; and
(2) Ninety days have expired from the date delivery of the demand was made unless the shareholder has earlier been notified that the demand has been rejected by the corporation or unless irreparable injury to the corporation would result by waiting for the expiration of the 90 day period.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.43

    293-A:7.43 Stay of Proceedings. – If the corporation commences an inquiry into the allegations made in the demand or complaint, the court may stay any derivative proceeding for such period as the court deems appropriate.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.44

    293-A:7.44 Dismissal. –
(a) A derivative proceeding shall be dismissed by the court on motion by the corporation if one of the groups specified in RSA 293-A:7.44(b) or RSA 293-A:7.44(e) has determined in good faith, after conducting a reasonable inquiry upon which its conclusions are based, that the maintenance of the derivative proceeding is not in the best interests of the corporation.
(b) Unless a panel is appointed pursuant to RSA 293-A:7.44(e), the determination in RSA 293-A:7.44(a) shall be made by:
(1) a majority vote of qualified directors present at a meeting of the board of directors if the qualified directors constitute a quorum; or
(2) a majority vote of a committee consisting of 2 or more qualified directors appointed by majority vote of qualified directors present at a meeting of the board of directors, regardless of whether such qualified directors constitute a quorum.
(c) If a derivative proceeding is commenced after a determination has been made rejecting a demand by a shareholder, the complaint shall allege with particularity facts establishing either (1) that a majority of the board of directors did not consist of qualified directors at the time the determination was made or (2) that the requirements of subsection (a) have not been met.
(d) If a majority of the board of directors consisted of qualified directors at the time the determination was made, the plaintiff shall have the burden of proving that the requirements of subsection (a) have not been met; if not, the corporation shall have the burden of proving that the requirements of subsection (a) have been met.
(e) Upon motion by the corporation, the court may appoint a panel of one or more individuals to make a determination whether the maintenance of the derivative proceeding is in the best interests of the corporation. In such case, the plaintiff shall have the burden of proving that the requirements of subsection (a) have not been met.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.45

    293-A:7.45 Discontinuance or Settlement. – A derivative proceeding may not be discontinued or settled without the court's approval. If the court determines that a proposed discontinuance or settlement will substantially affect the interests of the corporation's shareholders or a class of shareholders, the court shall direct that notice be given to the shareholders affected.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.46

    293-A:7.46 Payment of Expenses. –
On termination of the derivative proceeding the court may:
(1) order the corporation to pay the plaintiff's expenses, including counsel fees, incurred in the proceeding if it finds that the proceeding has resulted in a substantial benefit to the corporation;
(2) order the plaintiff to pay any defendant's expenses, including counsel fees, incurred in defending the proceeding if it finds that the proceeding was commenced or maintained without reasonable cause or for an improper purpose; or
(3) order a party to pay an opposing party's expenses, including counsel fees, incurred because of the filing of a pleading, motion or other paper, if it finds that the pleading, motion or other paper was not well grounded in fact, after reasonable inquiry, or warranted by existing law or a good faith argument for the extension, modification or reversal of existing law and was interposed for an improper purpose, such as to harass or cause unnecessary delay or needless increase in the cost of litigation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.47

    293-A:7.47 Applicability to Foreign Corporations. – In any derivative proceeding in the right of a foreign corporation, the matters covered by this subdivision shall be governed by the laws of the jurisdiction of incorporation of the foreign corporation except for RSA 293-A:7.43, RSA 293-A:7.45, and RSA 293-A:7.46.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:7.48

    293-A:7.48 Shareholder Action to Appoint Custodian or Receiver. –
(a) The superior court of the county where a corporation's principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is located may appoint one or more persons to be custodians, or, if the corporation is insolvent, to be receivers, of and for a corporation in a proceeding by a shareholder where it is established that:
(1) the directors are deadlocked in the management of the corporate affairs, the shareholders are unable to break the deadlock, and irreparable injury to the corporation is threatened or being suffered; or
(2) the directors or those in control of the corporation are acting fraudulently and irreparable injury to the corporation is threatened or being suffered.
(b) The court:
(1) may issue injunctions, appoint a temporary custodian or temporary receiver with all the powers and duties the court directs, take other action to preserve the corporate assets wherever located, and carry on the business of the corporation until a full hearing is held;
(2) shall hold a full hearing, after notifying all parties to the proceeding and any interested persons designated by the court, before appointing a custodian or receiver; and
(3) has jurisdiction over the corporation and all of its property, wherever located.
(c) The court may appoint an individual or domestic or foreign corporation (authorized to transact business in this state) as a custodian or receiver and may require the custodian or receiver to post bond, with or without sureties, in an amount the court directs.
(d) The court shall describe the powers and duties of the custodian or receiver in its appointing order, which may be amended from time to time. Among other powers:
(1) a custodian may exercise all of the powers of the corporation, through or in place of its board of directors, to the extent necessary to manage the business and affairs of the corporation; and
(2) a receiver (i) may dispose of all or any part of the assets of the corporation wherever located, at a public or private sale, if authorized by the court; and (ii) may sue and defend in the receiver's own name as receiver in all courts of this state.
(e) The court during a custodianship may redesignate the custodian a receiver, and during a receivership, may redesignate the receiver a custodian if doing so is in the best interests of the corporation.
(f) The court from time to time during the custodianship or receivership may order compensation paid and expense disbursements or reimbursements made to the custodian or receiver from the assets of the corporation or proceeds from the sale of its assets.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Directors and Officers

Section 293-A:8.01

    293-A:8.01 Requirement for and Functions of Board of Directors. –
(a) Except as provided in RSA 293-A:7.32, each corporation must have a board of directors.
(b) All corporate powers shall be exercised by or under the authority of the board of directors of the corporation, and the business and affairs of the corporation shall be managed by or under the direction, and subject to the oversight, of its board of directors, subject to any limitation set forth in the articles of incorporation or in an agreement authorized under RSA 293-A:7.32.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.02

    293-A:8.02 Qualifications of Directors. – The articles of incorporation or bylaws may prescribe qualifications for directors. A director need not be a resident of this state or a shareholder of the corporation unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws so prescribe.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.03

    293-A:8.03 Number and Election of Directors. –
(a) A board of directors must consist of one or more individuals, with the number specified in or fixed in accordance with the articles of incorporation or bylaws.
(b) The number of directors may be increased or decreased from time to time by amendment to, or in the manner provided in, the articles of incorporation or the bylaws.
(c) Directors are elected at the first annual shareholders' meeting and at each annual meeting thereafter unless their terms are staggered under RSA 293-A:8.06.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.04

    293-A:8.04 Election of Directors by Certain Classes of Shareholders. – If the articles of incorporation authorize dividing the shares into classes, the articles may also authorize the election of all or a specified number of directors by the holders of one or more authorized classes of shares. A class (or classes) of shares entitled to elect one or more directors is a separate voting group for purposes of the election of directors.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.05

    293-A:8.05 Terms of Directors Generally. –
(a) The terms of the initial directors of a corporation expire at the first shareholders' meeting at which directors are elected.
(b) The terms of all other directors expire at the next, or if their terms are staggered in accordance with RSA 293-A:8.06, at the applicable second or third, annual shareholders' meeting following their election, except to the extent (i) provided in RSA 293-A:10.22 if a bylaw electing to be governed by that section is in effect; or (ii) a shorter term is specified in the articles of incorporation in the event of a director nominee failing to receive a specified vote for election.
(c) A decrease in the number of directors does not shorten an incumbent director's term.
(d) The term of a director elected to fill a vacancy expires at the next shareholders' meeting at which directors are elected.
(e) Except to the extent otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or under RSA 293-A:10.22, if a bylaw electing to be governed by that section is in effect, despite the expiration of a director's term, the director continues to serve until the director's successor is elected and qualifies or there is a decrease in the number of directors.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.06

    293-A:8.06 Staggered Terms for Directors. – The articles of incorporation may provide for staggering the terms of directors by dividing the total number of directors into 2 or 3 groups, with each group containing 1/2 or 1/3 of the total, as near as may be practicable. In that event, the terms of directors in the first group expire at the first annual shareholders' meeting after their election, the terms of the second group expire at the second annual shareholders' meeting after their election, and the terms of the third group, if any, expire at the third annual shareholders' meeting after their election. At each annual shareholders' meeting held thereafter, directors shall be chosen for a term of 2 years or 3 years, as the case may be, to succeed those whose terms expire.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.07

    293-A:8.07 Resignation of Directors. –
(a) A director may resign at any time by delivering a written resignation to the board of directors, or its chair, or to the secretary of the corporation.
(b) A resignation is effective when the resignation is delivered unless the resignation specifies a later effective date or an effective date determined upon the happening of an event or events. A resignation that is conditioned upon failing to receive a specified vote for election as a director may provide that it is irrevocable.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.08

    293-A:8.08 Removal of Directors by Shareholders. –
(a) The shareholders may remove one or more directors with or without cause unless the articles of incorporation provide that directors may be removed only for cause.
(b) If a director is elected by a voting group of shareholders, only the shareholders of that voting group may participate in the vote to remove that director.
(c) If cumulative voting is authorized, a director may not be removed if the number of votes sufficient to elect the director under cumulative voting is voted against removal. If cumulative voting is not authorized, a director may be removed only if the number of votes cast to remove exceeds the number of votes cast not to remove the director.
(d) A director may be removed by the shareholders only at a meeting called for the purpose of removing the director and the meeting notice must state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is removal of the director.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.09

    293-A:8.09 Removal of Directors by Judicial Proceeding. –
(a) The superior court of the county where a corporation's principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is located may remove a director of the corporation from office in a proceeding commenced by or in the right of the corporation if the court finds that: (1) the director engaged in fraudulent conduct with respect to the corporation or its shareholders, grossly abused the position of director, or intentionally inflicted harm on the corporation; and (2) considering the director's course of conduct and the inadequacy of other available remedies, removal would be in the best interest of the corporation.
(b) A shareholder proceeding on behalf of the corporation under subsection (a) shall comply with all of the requirements of RSA 293-A:7.40 through RSA 293-A:7.47, except RSA 293-A:7.41(1).
(c) The court, in addition to removing the director, may bar the director from reelection for a period prescribed by the court.
(d) Nothing in this section limits the equitable powers of the court to order other relief.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.10

    293-A:8.10 Vacancy on Board. –
(a) Unless the articles of incorporation provide otherwise, if a vacancy occurs on a board of directors, including a vacancy resulting from an increase in the number of directors:
(1) the shareholders may fill the vacancy;
(2) the board of directors may fill the vacancy; or
(3) if the directors remaining in office constitute fewer than a quorum of the board, they may fill the vacancy by the affirmative vote of a majority of all the directors remaining in office.
(b) If the vacant office was held by a director elected by a voting group of shareholders, only the holders of shares of that voting group are entitled to vote to fill the vacancy if it is filled by the shareholders, and only the directors elected by that voting group are entitled to fill the vacancy if it is filled by the directors.
(c) A vacancy that will occur at a specific later date (by reason of a resignation effective at a later date under RSA 293-A:8.07(b) or otherwise) may be filled before the vacancy occurs but the new director may not take office until the vacancy occurs.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.11

    293-A:8.11 Compensation of Directors. – Unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws provide otherwise, the board of directors may fix the compensation of directors.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.20

    293-A:8.20 Meetings. –
(a) The board of directors may hold regular or special meetings in or out of this state.
(b) Unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws provide otherwise, the board of directors may permit any or all directors to participate in a regular or special meeting by, or conduct the meeting through the use of, any means of communication by which all directors participating may simultaneously hear each other during the meeting. A director participating in a meeting by this means is deemed to be present in person at the meeting.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.21

    293-A:8.21 Action Without Meeting. –
(a) Unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws provide otherwise, action required or permitted by this chapter to be taken at a board of directors' meeting may be taken without a meeting if the action is taken by unanimous consent of all members of the board. The action must be evidenced by one or more written consents describing the action taken, signed by each director, and included in the minutes or filed with the corporate records reflecting the action taken.
(b) Action taken under this section is effective when the last director signs the consent, unless the consent specifies a different effective date.
(c) A consent signed under this section has the effect of a meeting vote and may be described as such in any document.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.22

    293-A:8.22 Notice of Meeting. –
(a) Unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws provide otherwise, regular meetings of the board of directors may be held without notice of the date, time, place, or purpose of the meeting.
(b) Unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws provide for a longer or shorter period, special meetings of the board of directors must be preceded by at least 2 days' notice of the date, time, and place of the meeting. The notice need not describe the purpose of the special meeting unless required by the articles of incorporation or bylaws.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.23

    293-A:8.23 Waiver of Notice. –
(a) A director may waive any notice required by this chapter, the articles of incorporation, or bylaws before or after the date and time stated in the notice. Except as provided by subsection (b), the waiver must be in writing, signed by the director entitled to the notice, and filed with the minutes or corporate records.
(b) A director's attendance at or participation in a meeting waives any required notice to the director of the meeting unless the director at the beginning of the meeting (or promptly upon arrival) objects to holding the meeting or transacting business at the meeting and does not thereafter vote for or assent to action taken at the meeting.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.24

    293-A:8.24 Quorum and Voting. –
(a) Unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws require a greater number or unless otherwise specifically provided in this chapter, a quorum of a board of directors consists of:
(1) a majority of the fixed number of directors if the corporation has a fixed board size; or
(2) a majority of the number of directors prescribed or, if no number is prescribed, the number in office immediately before the meeting begins if the corporation has a variable-range size board.
(b) The articles of incorporation or bylaws may authorize a quorum of a board of directors to consist of no fewer than 1/3 of the fixed or prescribed number of directors determined under subsection (a).
(c) If a quorum is present when a vote is taken, the affirmative vote of a majority of directors present is the act of the board of directors unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws require the vote of a greater number of directors.
(d) A director who is present at a meeting of the board of directors or a committee of the board of directors when corporate action is taken is deemed to have assented to the action taken unless: (1) the director objects at the beginning of the meeting (or promptly upon arrival) to holding it or transacting business at the meeting; (2) the dissent or abstention from the action taken is entered in the minutes of the meeting; or (3) the director delivers written notice of the director's dissent or abstention to the presiding officer of the meeting before its adjournment or to the corporation immediately after adjournment of the meeting. The right of dissent or abstention is not available to a director who votes in favor of the action taken.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.25

    293-A:8.25 Committees. –
(a) Unless this chapter, the articles of incorporation, or the bylaws provide otherwise, a board of directors may create one or more committees and appoint one or more members of the board of directors to serve on any such committee.
(b) Unless this chapter otherwise provides, the creation of a committee and appointment of members to it must be approved by the greater of (1) a majority of all the directors in office when the action is taken, or (2) the number of directors required by the articles of incorporation or bylaws to take action under RSA 293-A:8.24.
(c) RSA 293-A:8.20 through RSA 293-A:8.24 apply both to committees of the board and to their members.
(d) To the extent specified by the board of directors or in the articles of incorporation or bylaws, each committee may exercise the powers of the board of directors under RSA 293-A:8.01.
(e) A committee may not, however:
(1) authorize or approve distributions, except according to a formula or method, or within limits, prescribed by the board of directors;
(2) approve or propose to shareholders action that this chapter requires be approved by shareholders;
(3) fill vacancies on the board of directors or, subject to subsection (g), on any of its committees; or
(4) adopt, amend, or repeal bylaws.
(f) The creation of, delegation of authority to, or action by a committee does not alone constitute compliance by a director with the standards of conduct described in RSA 293-A:8.30.
(g) The board of directors may appoint one or more directors as alternate members of any committee to replace any absent or disqualified member during the member's absence or disqualification. Unless the articles of incorporation or the bylaws or the resolution creating the committee provide otherwise, in the event of the absence or disqualification of a member of a committee, the member or members present at any meeting and not disqualified from voting, unanimously, may appoint another director to act in place of the absent or disqualified member.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.26

    293-A:8.26 Submission of Matters for Shareholder Vote. – A corporation may agree to submit a matter to a vote of its shareholders even if, after approving the matter, the board of directors determines it no longer recommends the matter.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.30

    293-A:8.30 Standards of Conduct for Directors. –
(a) Each member of the board of directors, when discharging the duties of a director, shall act: (1) in good faith, and (2) in a manner the director reasonably believes to be in the best interests of the corporation.
(b) The members of the board of directors or a committee of the board, when becoming informed in connection with their decision-making function or devoting attention to their oversight function, shall discharge their duties with the care that a person in a like position would reasonably believe appropriate under similar circumstances.
(c) In discharging board or committee duties a director shall disclose, or cause to be disclosed, to the other board or committee members information not already known by them but known by the director to be material to the discharge of their decision-making or oversight functions, except that disclosure is not required to the extent that the director reasonably believes that doing so would violate a duty imposed under law, a legally enforceable obligation of confidentiality, or a professional ethics rule.
(d) In discharging board or committee duties a director who does not have knowledge that makes reliance unwarranted is entitled to rely on the performance by any of the persons specified in subsection (f)(1) or subsection (f)(3) to whom the board may have delegated, formally or informally by course of conduct, the authority or duty to perform one or more of the board's functions that are delegable under applicable law.
(e) In discharging board or committee duties a director who does not have knowledge that makes reliance unwarranted is entitled to rely on information, opinions, reports, or statements, including financial statements and other financial data, prepared or presented by any of the persons specified in subsection (f).
(f) A director is entitled to rely, in accordance with subsection (d) or (e), on:
(1) one or more officers or employees of the corporation whom the director reasonably believes to be reliable and competent in the functions performed or the information, opinions, reports, or statements provided;
(2) legal counsel, public accountants, or other persons retained by the corporation as to matters involving skills or expertise the director reasonably believes are matters (i) within the particular person's professional or expert competence or (ii) as to which the particular person merits confidence; or
(3) a committee of the board of directors of which the director is not a member if the director reasonably believes the committee merits confidence.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.31

    293-A:8.31 [Reserved.] –

Section 293-A:8.32

    293-A:8.32 [Reserved.] –

Section 293-A:8.33

    293-A:8.33 Directors' Liability for Unlawful Distributions. –
(a) A director who votes for or assents to a distribution in excess of what may be authorized and made pursuant to RSA 293-A:6.40(a) or RSA 293-A:14.09(a) is personally liable to the corporation for the amount of the distribution that exceeds what could have been distributed without violating RSA 293-A:6.40(a) or RSA 293-A:14.09(a) if the party asserting liability establishes that when taking the action the director did not comply with RSA 293-A:8.30.
(b) A director held liable under subsection (a) for an unlawful distribution is entitled to:
(1) contribution from every other director who could be held liable under subsection (a) for the unlawful distribution; and
(2) recoupment from each shareholder of the pro-rata portion of the amount of the unlawful distribution the shareholder accepted, knowing the distribution was made in violation of RSA 293-A:6.40(a) or RSA 293-A:14.09(a).
(c) A proceeding to enforce:
(1) the liability of a director under subsection (a) is barred unless it is commenced within 2 years after the date: (i) on which the effect of the distribution was measured under RSA 293-A:6.40(e) or (g); (ii) as of which the violation of RSA 293-A:6.40(a) occurred as the consequence of disregard of a restriction in the articles of incorporation; or (iii) on which the distribution of assets to shareholders under RSA 293-A:14.09(a) was made; or
(2) contribution or recoupment under subsection (b) is barred unless it is commenced within one year after the liability of the claimant has been finally adjudicated under subsection (a).

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.40

    293-A:8.40 Officers. –
(a) A corporation has the officers described in its bylaws or appointed by the board of directors in accordance with the bylaws.
(b) The board of directors may elect individuals to fill one or more offices of the corporation. An officer may appoint one or more officers or assistant officers if authorized by the bylaws or the board of directors.
(c) The bylaws or the board of directors shall assign to one of the officers responsibility for preparing the minutes of the directors' and shareholders' meetings and for maintaining and authenticating the records of the corporation required to be kept under RSA 293-A:16.01(a) and RSA 293-A:16.01(e).
(d) The same individual may simultaneously hold more than one office in a corporation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.41

    293-A:8.41 Functions of Officers. – Each officer has the authority and shall perform the functions set forth in the bylaws or, to the extent consistent with the bylaws, the functions prescribed by the board of directors or by direction of an officer authorized by the board of directors to prescribe the functions of other officers.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.42

    293-A:8.42 Standards of Conduct for Officers. –
(a) An officer, when performing in such capacity, has the duty to act:
(1) in good faith;
(2) with the care that a person in a like position would reasonably exercise under similar circumstances; and
(3) in a manner the officer reasonably believes to be in the best interests of the corporation.
(b) The duty of an officer includes the obligation:
(1) to inform the superior officer to whom, or the board of directors or the committee thereof to which, the officer reports of information about the affairs of the corporation known to the officer, within the scope of the officer's functions, and known to the officer to be material to such superior officer, board, or committee; and
(2) to inform his or her superior officer, or another appropriate person within the corporation, or the board of directors, or a committee thereof, of any actual or probable material violation of law involving the corporation or material breach of duty to the corporation by an officer, employee, or agent of the corporation, that the officer believes has occurred or is likely to occur.
(c) In discharging his or her duties, an officer who does not have knowledge that makes reliance unwarranted is entitled to rely on:
(1) the performance of properly delegated responsibilities by one or more employees of the corporation whom the officer reasonably believes to be reliable and competent in performing the responsibilities delegated; or
(2) information, opinions, reports, or statements, including financial statements and other financial data, prepared or presented by one or more employees of the corporation whom the officer reasonably believes to be reliable and competent in the matters presented or by legal counsel, public accountants, or other persons retained by the corporation as to matters involving skills or expertise the officer reasonably believes are matters (i) within the particular person's professional or expert competence or (ii) as to which the particular person merits confidence.
(d) An officer shall not be liable to the corporation or its shareholders for any decision to take or not to take action, or any failure to take any action, as an officer, if the duties of the office are performed in compliance with this section. Whether an officer who does not comply with this section shall have liability will depend in such instance on applicable law.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.43

    293-A:8.43 Resignation and Removal of Officers. –
(a) An officer may resign at any time by delivering notice to the corporation. A resignation is effective when the notice is delivered unless the notice specifies a later effective time. If a resignation is made effective at a later time and the board or the appointing officer accepts the future effective time, the board or the appointing officer may fill the pending vacancy before the effective time if the board or the appointing officer provides that the successor does not take office until the effective time.
(b) An officer may be removed at any time with or without cause by: (i) the board of directors; (ii) the officer who appointed such officer, unless the bylaws or the board of directors provide otherwise; or (iii) any other officer if authorized by the bylaws or the board of directors.
(c) In this section, "appointing officer" means the officer (including any successor to that officer) who appointed the officer resigning or being removed.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.44

    293-A:8.44 Contract Rights of Officers. –
(a) The appointment of an officer does not itself create contract rights.
(b) An officer's removal does not affect the officer's contract rights, if any, with the corporation. An officer's resignation does not affect the corporation's contract rights, if any, with the officer.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.50

    293-A:8.50 Subdivision Definitions. –
(a) In this subdivision:
(1) "Corporation" includes any domestic or foreign predecessor entity of a corporation in a merger.
(2) "Director" or "officer" means an individual who is or was a director or officer, respectively, of a corporation or who, while a director or officer of the corporation, is or was serving at the corporation's request as a director, officer, manager, partner, trustee, employee, or agent of another entity or employee benefit plan. A director or officer is considered to be serving an employee benefit plan at the corporation's request if the individual's duties to the corporation also impose duties on, or otherwise involve services by, the individual to the plan or to participants in or beneficiaries of the plan. "Director" or "officer" includes, unless the context requires otherwise, the estate or personal representative of a director or officer.
(3) "Liability" means the obligation to pay a judgment, settlement, penalty, fine (including an excise tax assessed with respect to an employee benefit plan) or reasonable expenses incurred with respect to a proceeding.
(4) "Official capacity" means: (i) when used with respect to a director, the office of director in a corporation; and (ii) when used with respect to an officer, as contemplated in RSA 293-A:8.56, the office in a corporation held by the officer. "Official capacity" does not include service for any other domestic or foreign corporation or any partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan, or other entity.
(5) "Party" means an individual who was, is, or is threatened to be made, a defendant or respondent in a proceeding.
(6) "Proceeding" means any threatened, pending, or completed action, suit, or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative, arbitrative, or investigative, and whether formal or informal.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.51

    293-A:8.51 Permissible Indemnification. –
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a corporation may indemnify an individual who is a party to a proceeding because the individual is a director against liability incurred in the proceeding if:
(1)(i) the director conducted himself or herself in good faith; and
(ii) reasonably believed:
(A) in the case of conduct in an official capacity, that his or her conduct was in the best interests of the corporation; and
(B) in all other cases, that the director's conduct was at least not opposed to the best interests of the corporation; and
(C) in the case of any criminal proceeding, the director had no reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was unlawful; or
(b) the director engaged in conduct for which broader indemnification has been made permissible or obligatory under a provision of the articles of incorporation (as authorized by RSA 293-A:2.02(b)(5)).
(c) A director's conduct with respect to an employee benefit plan for a purpose the director reasonably believed to be in the interests of the participants in, and the beneficiaries of, the plan is conduct that satisfies the requirement of RSA 293-A:8.51(a)(1)(ii)(B).
(d) The termination of a proceeding by judgment, order, settlement, or conviction, or upon a plea of nolo contendere or its equivalent, is not, of itself, determinative that the director did not meet the relevant standard of conduct described in this section.
(e) Unless ordered by a court under RSA 293-A:8.54(a)(3), a corporation may not indemnify a director:
(1) in connection with a proceeding by or in the right of the corporation, except for expenses incurred in connection with the proceeding if it is determined that the director has met the relevant standard of conduct under subsection (a); or
(2) in connection with any proceeding with respect to conduct for which the director was adjudged liable on the basis of receiving a financial benefit to which he or she was not entitled, whether or not involving action in the director's official capacity.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.52

    293-A:8.52 Mandatory Indemnification. – A corporation shall indemnify a director who was wholly successful, on the merits or otherwise, in the defense of any proceeding to which the director was a party because he or she was a director of the corporation against expenses incurred by the director in connection with the proceeding.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.53

    293-A:8.53 Advance for Expenses. –
(a) A corporation may, before final disposition of a proceeding, advance funds to pay for or reimburse expenses incurred in connection with the proceeding by an individual who is a party to the proceeding because that individual is a member of the board of directors if the director delivers to the corporation:
(1) a signed written affirmation of the director's good faith belief that the relevant standard of conduct described in RSA 293-A:8.51 has been met by the director or that the proceeding involves conduct for which liability has been eliminated under a provision of the articles of incorporation as authorized by RSA 293-A:2.02(b)(4); and
(2) a signed written undertaking of the director to repay any funds advanced if the director is not entitled to mandatory indemnification under RSA 293-A:8.52 and it is ultimately determined under RSA 293-A:8.54 or RSA 293-A:8.55 that the director has not met the relevant standard of conduct described in RSA 293-A:8.51.
(b) The undertaking required by subsection (a)(2) must be an unlimited general obligation of the director but need not be secured and may be accepted without reference to the financial ability of the director to make repayment.
(c) Authorizations under this section shall be made:
(1) by the board of directors:
(i) if there are 2 or more qualified directors, by a majority vote of all the qualified directors (a majority of whom shall for such purpose constitute a quorum) or by a majority of the members of a committee of 2 or more qualified directors appointed by such a vote; or
(ii) if there are fewer than 2 qualified directors, by the vote necessary for action by the board in accordance with RSA 293-A:8.24(c), in which authorization directors who are not qualified directors may participate; or
(2) by the shareholders, but shares owned by or voted under the control of a director who at the time is not a qualified director may not be voted on the authorization.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.54

    293-A:8.54 Court-Ordered Indemnification and Advance for Expenses. –
(a) A director who is a party to a proceeding because he or she is a director may apply for indemnification or an advance for expenses to the court conducting the proceeding or to another court of competent jurisdiction. After receipt of an application and after giving any notice it considers necessary, the court shall:
(1) order indemnification if the court determines that the director is entitled to mandatory indemnification under RSA 293-A:8.52;
(2) order indemnification or advance for expenses if the court determines that the director is entitled to indemnification or advance for expenses pursuant to a provision authorized by RSA 293-A:8.58(a); or
(3) order indemnification or advance for expenses if the court determines, in view of all the relevant circumstances, that it is fair and reasonable:
(i) to indemnify the director; or
(ii) to advance expenses to the director, even if he or she has not met the relevant standard of conduct set forth in RSA 293-A:8.51(a), failed to comply with RSA 293-A:8.53, or was adjudged liable in a proceeding referred to in RSA 293-A:8.51(e)(1) or (e)(2), but if the director was adjudged so liable indemnification shall be limited to expenses incurred in connection with the proceeding.
(b) If the court determines that the director is entitled to indemnification under subsection (a)(1) or to indemnification or advance for expenses under subsection (a)(2), it shall also order the corporation to pay the director's expenses incurred in connection with obtaining court-ordered indemnification or advance for expenses. If the court determines that the director is entitled to indemnification or advance for expenses under subsection (a)(3), it may also order the corporation to pay the director's expenses to obtain court-ordered indemnification or advance for expenses.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.55

    293-A:8.55 Determination and Authorization of Indemnification. –
(a) A corporation may not indemnify a director under RSA 293-A:8.51 unless authorized for a specific proceeding after a determination has been made that indemnification is permissible because the director has met the relevant standard of conduct set forth in RSA 293-A:8.51.
(b) The determination shall be made:
(1) if there are 2 or more qualified directors, by the board of directors by a majority vote of all the qualified directors (a majority of whom shall for such purpose constitute a quorum) or by a majority of the members of a committee of 2 or more qualified directors appointed by such a vote;
(2) by special legal counsel:
(i) selected in the manner prescribed in subdivision (1); or
(ii) if there are fewer than 2 qualified directors, selected by the board of directors, (in which selection directors who are not qualified directors may participate); or
(3) by the shareholders, but shares owned by or voted under the control of a director who at the time is not a qualified director may not be voted on the determination.
(c) Authorization of indemnification shall be made in the same manner as the determination that indemnification is permissible except that if there are fewer than 2 qualified directors, or if the determination is made by special legal counsel, authorization of indemnification shall be made by those entitled to select special legal counsel under subsection (b)(2)(ii).

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.56

    293-A:8.56 Indemnification of Officers. –
(a) A corporation may indemnify and advance expenses under this subdivision to an officer of the corporation who is a party to a proceeding because he or she is an officer of the corporation:
(1) to the same extent as a director; and
(2) if he or she is an officer but not a director, to such further extent as may be provided by the articles of incorporation, the bylaws, a resolution of the board of directors, or contract except for:
(i) liability in connection with a proceeding by or in the right of the corporation other than for expenses incurred in connection with the proceeding; or
(ii) liability arising out of conduct that constitutes:
(A) receipt by the officer of a financial benefit to which he or she is not entitled;
(B) an intentional infliction of harm on the corporation or the shareholders; or
(C) an intentional violation of criminal law.
(b) The provisions of subsection (a)(2) shall apply to an officer who is also a director if the basis on which he or she is made a party to the proceeding is an act or omission solely as an officer.
(c) An officer of a corporation who is not a director is entitled to mandatory indemnification under RSA 293-A:8.52, and may apply to a court under RSA 293-A:8.54 for indemnification or an advance for expenses, in each case to the same extent to which a director may be entitled to indemnification or advance for expenses under those provisions.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.57

    293-A:8.57 Insurance. – A corporation may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of an individual who is a director or officer of the corporation, or who, while a director or officer of the corporation, serves at the corporation's request as a director, officer, manager, partner, trustee, employee, or agent of another domestic or foreign corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan, or other entity, against liability asserted against or incurred by the individual in that capacity or arising from his or her status as a director or officer, whether or not the corporation would have power to indemnify or advance expenses to the individual against the same liability under this subdivision.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.58

    293-A:8.58 Variation by Corporate Action; Application of Subdivision. –
(a) A corporation may, by a provision in its articles of incorporation or bylaws or in a resolution adopted or a contract approved by its board of directors or shareholders, obligate itself in advance of the act or omission giving rise to a proceeding to provide indemnification in accordance with RSA 293-A:8.51 or advance funds to pay for or reimburse expenses in accordance with RSA 293-A:8.53. Any such obligatory provision shall be deemed to satisfy the requirements for authorization referred to in RSA 293-A:8.53(c) and in RSA 293-A:8.55(c). Any such provision that obligates the corporation to provide indemnification to the fullest extent permitted by law shall be deemed to obligate the corporation to advance funds to pay for or reimburse expenses in accordance with RSA 293-A:8.53 to the fullest extent permitted by law, unless the provision specifically provides otherwise.
(b) Any provision pursuant to subsection (a) shall not obligate the corporation to indemnify or advance expenses to a director of a predecessor of the corporation, pertaining to conduct with respect to the predecessor, unless otherwise specifically provided. Any provision for indemnification or advance for expenses in the articles of incorporation, bylaws, or a resolution of the board of directors or shareholders of a predecessor of the corporation in a merger or in a contract to which the predecessor is a party, existing at the time the merger takes effect, shall be governed by RSA 293-A:11.07(a)(4).
(c) A corporation may, by a provision in its articles of incorporation, limit any of the rights to indemnification or advance for expenses created by or pursuant to this subdivision.
(d) This subdivision does not limit a corporation's power to pay or reimburse expenses incurred by a director or an officer in connection with appearing as a witness in a proceeding at a time when he or she is not a party.
(e) This subdivision does not limit a corporation's power to indemnify, advance expenses to or provide or maintain insurance on behalf of an employee or agent.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.59

    293-A:8.59 Exclusivity of Subdivision. – A corporation may provide indemnification or advance expenses to a director or an officer only as permitted by this subdivision.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.60

    293-A:8.60 Subdivision Definitions. –
(a) In this subdivision:
(1) "Director's conflicting interest transaction" means a transaction effected or proposed to be effected by the corporation, or by an entity controlled by the corporation:
(i) to which, at the relevant time, the director is a party; or
(ii) respecting which, at the relevant time, the director had knowledge and a material financial interest known to the director; or
(iii) respecting which, at the relevant time, the director knew that a related person was a party or had a material financial interest.
(2) "Control," including the term "controlled by," means (i) having the power, directly or indirectly, to elect or remove a majority of the members of the board of directors or other governing body of an entity, whether through the ownership of voting shares or interests, by contract, or otherwise, or (ii) being subject to a majority of the risk of loss from the entity's activities or entitled to receive a majority of the entity's residual returns.
(3) "Relevant time" means (i) the time at which directors' action respecting the transaction is taken in compliance with RSA 293-A:8.62, or (ii) if the transaction is not brought before the board of directors of the corporation (or its committee) for action under RSA 293-A:8.62, at the time the corporation (or an entity controlled by the corporation) becomes legally obligated to consummate the transaction.
(4) "Material financial interest" means a financial interest in a transaction that would reasonably be expected to impair the objectivity of the director's judgment when participating in action on the authorization of the transaction.
(5) "Related person" means:
(i) the director's spouse;
(ii) a child, stepchild, grandchild, parent, step parent, grandparent, sibling, step sibling, half sibling, aunt, uncle, niece, or nephew (or spouse of any thereof) of the director or of the director's spouse;
(iii) an individual living in the same home as the director;
(iv) an entity (other than the corporation or an entity controlled by the corporation) controlled by the director or any person specified above in this subdivision (5);
(v) a domestic or foreign (A) business (other than the corporation or an entity controlled by the corporation) of which the director is a director, (B) unincorporated entity of which the director is a general partner or a member of the governing body, or (C) individual, trust or estate for whom or of which the director is a trustee, guardian, personal representative, or like fiduciary; or
(vi) a person that is, or an entity that is controlled by, an employer of the director.
(6) "Fair to the corporation" means, for purposes of RSA 293-A:8.61(b)(3), that the transaction as a whole was beneficial to the corporation, taking into appropriate account whether it was (i) fair in terms of the director's dealings with the corporation, and (ii) comparable to what might have been obtainable in an arm's length transaction, given the consideration paid or received by the corporation.
(7) "Required disclosure" means disclosure of (i) the existence and nature of the director's conflicting interest, and (ii) all facts known to the director respecting the subject matter of the transaction that a director free of such conflicting interest would reasonably believe to be material in deciding whether to proceed with the transaction.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.61

    293-A:8.61 Judicial Action. –
(a) A transaction effected or proposed to be effected by the corporation (or by an entity controlled by the corporation) may not be the subject of equitable relief, or give rise to an award of damages or other sanctions against a director of the corporation, in a proceeding by a shareholder or by or in the right of the corporation, on the ground that the director has an interest respecting the transaction, if it is not a director's conflicting interest transaction.
(b) A director's conflicting interest transaction may not be the subject of equitable relief, or give rise to an award of damages or other sanctions against a director of the corporation, in a proceeding by a shareholder or by or in the right of the corporation, on the ground that the director has an interest respecting the transaction, if:
(1) directors' action respecting the transaction was taken in compliance with RSA 293-A:8.62 at any time; or
(2) shareholders' action respecting the transaction was taken in compliance with RSA 293-A:8.63 at any time; or
(3) the transaction, judged according to the circumstances at the relevant time, is established to have been fair to the corporation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.62

    293-A:8.62 Directors' Action. –
(a) Directors' action respecting a director's conflicting interest transaction is effective for purposes of RSA 293-A:8.61(b)(l) if the transaction has been authorized by the affirmative vote of a majority (but no fewer than 2) of the qualified directors who voted on the transaction, after required disclosure by the conflicted director of information not already known by such qualified directors, or after modified disclosure in compliance with subsection (b), provided that:
(1) the qualified directors have deliberated and voted outside the presence of and without the participation by any other director; and
(2) where the action has been taken by a committee, all members of the committee were qualified directors, and either (i) the committee was composed of all the qualified directors on the board of directors or (ii) the members of the committee were appointed by the affirmative vote of a majority of the qualified directors on the board.
(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), when a transaction is a director's conflicting interest transaction only because a related person described in clause (v) or clause (vi) of RSA 293-A:8.60(a)(5) is a party to or has a material financial interest in the transaction, the conflicted director is not obligated to make required disclosure to the extent that the director reasonably believes that doing so would violate a duty imposed under law, a legally enforceable obligation of confidentiality, or a professional ethics rule, provided that the conflicted director discloses to the qualified directors voting on the transaction:
(1) all information required to be disclosed that is not so violative,
(2) the existence and nature of the director's conflicting interest, and
(3) the nature of the conflicted director's duty not to disclose the confidential information.
(c) A majority (but no fewer than 2) of all the qualified directors on the board of directors, or on the committee, constitutes a quorum for purposes of action that complies with this section.
(d) Where directors' action under this section does not satisfy a quorum or voting requirement applicable to the authorization of the transaction by reason of the articles of incorporation, the bylaws or a provision of law, independent action to satisfy those authorization requirements must be taken by the board of directors or a committee, in which action directors who are not qualified directors may participate.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.63

    293-A:8.63 Shareholders' Action. –
(a) Shareholders' action respecting a director's conflicting interest transaction is effective for purposes of RSA 293-A:8.61(b)(2) if a majority of the votes cast by the holders of all qualified shares are in favor of the transaction after (1) notice to shareholders describing the action to be taken respecting the transaction; (2) provision to the corporation of the information referred to in subsection (b); and (3) communication to the shareholders entitled to vote on the transaction of the information that is the subject of required disclosure, to the extent the information is not known by them. In the case of shareholders' action at a meeting, the shareholders entitled to vote shall be determined as of the record date for notice of the meeting.
(b) A director who has a conflicting interest respecting the transaction shall, before the shareholders' vote, inform the secretary or other officer or agent of the corporation authorized to tabulate votes, in writing, of the number of shares that the director knows are not qualified shares under subsection (c), and the identity of the holders of those shares.
(c) For purposes of this section: (1) "holder" means and "held by" refers to shares held by both a record shareholder (as defined in RSA 293-A:13.01(a)(11)) and a beneficial shareholder (as defined in RSA 293-A:13.01(a)(2)); and (2) "qualified shares" means all shares entitled to be voted with respect to the transaction except for shares that the secretary or other officer or agent of the corporation authorized to tabulate votes either knows, or under subsection (b) is notified, are held by (A) a director who has a conflicting interest respecting the transaction or (B) a related person of the director (excluding a person described in clause (vi) of RSA 293-A:8.60(a)(5)).
(d) A majority of the votes entitled to be cast by the holders of all qualified shares constitutes a quorum for purposes of compliance with this section. Subject to the provisions of subsection (e), shareholders' action that otherwise complies with this section is not affected by the presence of holders, or by the voting, of shares that are not qualified shares.
(e) If a shareholders' vote does not comply with subsection (a) solely because of a director's failure to comply with subsection (b), and if the director establishes that the failure was not intended to influence and did not in fact determine the outcome of the vote, the court may take such action respecting the transaction and the director, and may give such effect, if any, to the shareholders' vote, as the court considers appropriate in the circumstances.
(f) Where shareholders' action under this section does not satisfy a quorum or voting requirement applicable to the authorization of the transaction by reason of the articles of incorporation, the bylaws, or a provision of law, independent action to satisfy those authorization requirements must be taken by the shareholders, in which action shares that are not qualified shares may participate.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:8.70

    293-A:8.70 Business Opportunities. –
(a) A director's taking advantage, directly or indirectly, of a business opportunity may not be the subject of equitable relief, or give rise to an award of damages or other sanctions against the director, in a proceeding by or in the right of the corporation on the ground that such opportunity should have first been offered to the corporation, if before becoming legally obligated respecting the opportunity the director brings it to the attention of the corporation and:
(1) action by qualified directors disclaiming the corporation's interest in the opportunity is taken in compliance with the procedures set forth in RSA 293-A:8.62, as if the decision being made concerned a director's conflicting interest transaction; or
(2) shareholders' action disclaiming the corporation's interest in the opportunity is taken in compliance with the procedures set forth in RSA 293-A:8.63, as if the decision being made concerned a director's conflicting interest transaction; except that, rather than making "required disclosure" as defined in RSA 293-A:8.60, in each case the director shall have made prior disclosure to those acting on behalf of the corporation of all material facts concerning the business opportunity that are then known to the director.
(b) In any proceeding seeking equitable relief or other remedies based upon an alleged improper taking advantage of a business opportunity by a director, the fact that the director did not employ the procedure described in subsection (a) before taking advantage of the opportunity shall not create an inference that the opportunity should have been first presented to the corporation or alter the burden of proof otherwise applicable to establish that the director breached a duty to the corporation in the circumstances.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Domestication and Conversion

Section 293-A:9.01

    293-A:9.01 Excluded Transactions. – This chapter may not be used to effect a transaction in which the conversion from one entity to another type of entity is governed by other statutes of this state with specific provisions that address how that conversion is to be accomplished.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.02

    293-A:9.02 Required Approvals. –
(a) If a domestic or foreign business corporation or eligible entity may not be a party to a merger without the approval of a governmental authority, department, agency, or official of this state, the corporation or eligible entity shall not be a party to a transaction under this chapter without the prior approval of that authority, department, agency, or official.
(b) Property held in trust or for charitable purposes under the laws of this state by a domestic or foreign eligible entity shall not, by any transaction under this chapter, be diverted from the objects for which it was donated, granted, or devised, unless and until the eligible entity obtains any approval or order of any court or any other governing authority in this state specifying the disposition of the property to the extent required by and pursuant to applicable state law.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.20

    293-A:9.20 Domestication. –
(a) A foreign business corporation may become a domestic business corporation only if the domestication is permitted by the organic law of the foreign corporation. The laws of New Hampshire shall govern the effect of domesticating in New Hampshire pursuant to RSA 293-A:9.20 through RSA 293-A:9.25.
(b) A domestic business corporation may become a foreign business corporation if the domestication is permitted by the laws of the foreign jurisdiction. Regardless of whether the laws of the foreign jurisdiction require the adoption of a plan of domestication, the domestication shall be approved by the adoption by the corporation of a plan of domestication in the manner provided in this subdivision. The laws of the foreign jurisdiction shall govern the effect of domesticating in that jurisdiction.
(c) The plan of domestication adopted by a domestic business corporation shall include:
(1) a statement of the jurisdiction in which the corporation is to be domesticated;
(2) the terms and conditions of the domestication;
(3) the manner and basis of reclassifying the shares of the corporation following its domestication into shares or other securities, obligations, rights to acquire shares or other securities, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing; and
(4) any desired amendments to the articles of incorporation of the corporation following its domestication.
The plan of domestication may include any other provision relating to the domestication that may be desired.
(d) The plan of domestication may include a provision that the plan may be amended prior to filing the document required by the laws of this state or the other jurisdiction to consummate the domestication, except that subsequent to approval of the plan by the shareholders the plan may not be amended to change:
(1) the amount or kind of shares or other securities, obligations, rights to acquire shares or other securities, cash, or other property to be received by the shareholders under the plan;
(2) the articles of incorporation as they will be in effect immediately following the domestication, except for changes permitted by RSA 293-A:10.05 or by comparable provisions of the laws of the other jurisdiction; or
(3) any of the other terms or conditions of the plan if the change would adversely affect any of the shareholders in any material respect.
(e) Terms of a plan of domestication may be made dependent upon facts objectively ascertainable outside the plan in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.20(j).
(f) If any debt security, note or similar evidence of indebtedness for money borrowed, whether secured or unsecured, or a contract of any kind, issued, incurred, or signed by a domestic business corporation before January 1, 2014 contains a provision applying to a merger of the corporation and the document does not refer to a domestication of the corporation, the provision shall be deemed to apply to a domestication of the corporation until such time as the provision is amended subsequent to that date.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.21

    293-A:9.21 Action on a Plan of Domestication. –
(a) In the case of a domestication of a domestic business corporation in a foreign jurisdiction:
(1) The plan of domestication must be adopted by the board of directors.
(2) After adopting the plan of domestication, the board of directors must submit the plan to the shareholders for their approval. The board of directors must also transmit to the shareholders a recommendation that the shareholders approve the plan, unless (i) the board of directors makes a determination that because of conflicts of interest or other special circumstances it should not make such a recommendation or (ii) RSA 293-A:8.26 applies. If (i) or (ii) applies, the board of directors shall transmit to the shareholders the basis for that determination.
(3) The board of directors may condition its submission of the plan of domestication to the shareholders on any basis.
(4) If the approval of the shareholders is to be given at a meeting, the corporation must notify each shareholder, whether or not entitled to vote, of the meeting of shareholders at which the plan of domestication is to be submitted for approval. The notice must state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is to consider the plan and must contain or be accompanied by a copy or summary of the plan. The notice shall include or be accompanied by a copy of the articles of incorporation as they will be in effect immediately after the domestication.
(5) Unless the articles of incorporation, or the board of directors acting pursuant to RSA 293-A:9.21(a)(3), requires a greater vote or a greater number of votes to be present, approval of the plan of domestication requires the approval of each voting group entitled to vote separately on the plan by a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast on the plan by that voting group.
(6) Separate voting by voting groups is required by each class or series of shares that:
(i) are to be reclassified under the plan of domestication into other securities, obligations, rights to acquire shares or other securities, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing;
(ii) would be entitled to vote as a separate group on a provision of the plan that, if contained in a proposed amendment to articles of incorporation, would require action by separate voting groups under RSA 293-A:10.04; or
(iii) is entitled under the articles of incorporation to vote as a voting group to approve an amendment of the articles.
(7) If any provision of the articles of incorporation, bylaws, or an agreement to which any of the directors or shareholders are parties, adopted or entered into before January 1, 2014, applies to a merger of the corporation and that document does not refer to a domestication of the corporation, the provision shall be deemed to apply to a domestication of the corporation until such time as the provision is amended subsequent to that date.
(8) A plan of domestication may be approved for a participating corporation by written consent of shareholders entitled to vote, as provided in RSA 293-A:7.04. If the plan of domestication is approved by written consent of all shareholders, whether or not entitled to vote, a resolution of the board of directors of the participating corporation approving, proposing, submitting, recommending, or otherwise respecting the plan of domestication is not necessary and shareholders of the participating corporation are not entitled to receive notice of or to dissent from the plan of domestication.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.22

    293-A:9.22 Articles of Domestication. –
(a) After the domestication of a foreign business corporation has been authorized as required by the laws of the foreign jurisdiction, articles of domestication shall be signed by any officer or other duly authorized representative. The articles shall set forth:
(1) the name of the corporation immediately before the filing of the articles of domestication and, if that name is unavailable for use in this state or the corporation desires to change its name in connection with the domestication, a name that satisfies the requirements of RSA 293-A:4.01;
(2) the jurisdiction of incorporation of the corporation immediately before the filing of the articles of domestication and the date the corporation was incorporated in that jurisdiction; and
(3) a statement that the domestication of the corporation in this state was duly authorized as required by the laws of the jurisdiction in which the corporation was incorporated immediately before its domestication in this state.
(b) The articles of domestication shall have attached articles of incorporation.
(c) The articles of domestication with articles of incorporation shall be delivered to the secretary of state for filing, and shall take effect at the effective time provided in RSA 293-A:1.23.
(d) If the foreign corporation is authorized to transact business in this state under RSA 293-A:15.01 through RSA 293-A:15.32, its certificate of authority shall be cancelled automatically on the effective date of its domestication.

Source. 2013, 142:1. 2015, 273:6, eff. Jan. 1, 2016.

Section 293-A:9.23

    293-A:9.23 Surrender of Charter Upon Domestication. –
(a) Whenever a domestic business corporation has adopted and approved, in the manner required by this subdivision, a plan of domestication providing for the corporation to be domesticated in a foreign jurisdiction, articles of charter surrender shall be signed on behalf of the corporation by any officer or other duly authorized representative. The articles of charter surrender shall set forth:
(1) the name of the corporation;
(2) a statement that the articles of charter surrender are being filed in connection with the domestication of the corporation in a foreign jurisdiction;
(3) a statement that the domestication was duly approved by the shareholders and, if voting by any separate voting group was required, by each such separate voting group, in the manner required by this chapter and the articles of incorporation; and
(4) the corporation's new jurisdiction of incorporation.
(b) The articles of charter surrender shall be delivered by the corporation to the secretary of state for filing. The articles of charter surrender shall take effect on the effective time provided in RSA 293-A:1.23.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.24

    293-A:9.24 Effect of Domestication. –
(a) When a domestication of a foreign business corporation in New Hampshire becomes effective:
(1) the title to all real and personal property, both tangible and intangible, of the corporation remains in the corporation without reversion or impairment;
(2) the liabilities of the corporation remain the liabilities of the corporation;
(3) an action or proceeding pending against the corporation continues against the corporation as if the domestication had not occurred;
(4) the articles of domestication, or the articles of incorporation attached to the articles of domestication, constitute the articles of incorporation of a foreign corporation domesticating in this state;
(5) the shares of the corporation are reclassified into other shares, other securities, obligations, rights to acquire shares or other securities of the corporation, or into cash or other property in accordance with the terms of the domestication as approved under the laws of the foreign jurisdiction, and the shareholders are entitled only to the rights provided by those terms and under those laws; and
(6) the corporation is deemed to:
(i) be incorporated under and subject to the organic law of this state for all purposes;
(ii) be the same corporation without interruption as the corporation that existed under the laws of the foreign jurisdiction; and
(iii) have been incorporated on the date it was originally incorporated in the foreign jurisdiction.
(b) When a domestication of a domestic business corporation in a foreign jurisdiction becomes effective, the foreign business corporation is deemed to:
(1) appoint the secretary of state as its agent for service of process in a proceeding to enforce the rights of shareholders who exercise appraisal rights in connection with the domestication; and
(2) agree that it will promptly pay the amount, if any, to which such shareholders are entitled under RSA 293-A:13.01 through RSA 293-A:13.40.
(c) The owner liability of a shareholder in a foreign corporation that is domesticated in this state shall be as follows:
(1) The domestication does not discharge any owner liability under the laws of the foreign jurisdiction to the extent any such owner liability arose before the effective time of the articles of domestication.
(2) The shareholder shall not have owner liability under the laws of the foreign jurisdiction for any debt, obligation, or liability of the corporation that arises after the effective time of the articles of domestication.
(3) The provisions of the laws of the foreign jurisdiction shall continue to apply to the collection or discharge of any owner liability preserved by subparagraph (1), as if the domestication had not occurred.
(4) The shareholder shall have whatever rights of contribution from other shareholders are provided by the laws of the foreign jurisdiction with respect to any owner liability preserved by subparagraph (1), as if the domestication had not occurred.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.25

    293-A:9.25 Abandonment of a Domestication. –
(a) Unless otherwise provided in a plan of domestication of a domestic business corporation, after the plan has been adopted and approved as required by this subdivision, and at any time before the domestication has become effective, it may be abandoned by the board of directors without action by the shareholders.
(b) If a domestication is abandoned under subsection (a) after articles of charter surrender have been filed with the secretary of state but before the domestication has become effective, a statement that the domestication has been abandoned in accordance with this section, signed by an officer or other duly authorized representative, shall be delivered to the secretary of state for filing prior to the effective date of the domestication with the fee required under RSA 293-A:1.22(a)(9). The statement shall take effect upon filing and the domestication shall be deemed abandoned and shall not become effective.
(c) If the domestication of a foreign business corporation in this state is abandoned in accordance with the laws of the foreign jurisdiction after articles of domestication have been filed with the secretary of state, a statement that the domestication has been abandoned, signed by an officer or other duly authorized representative, shall be delivered to the secretary of state for filing. The statement shall take effect upon filing and the domestication shall be deemed abandoned and shall not become effective.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.50

    293-A:9.50 Entity Conversion Authorized; Definitions. –
(a) A domestic business corporation may become a domestic unincorporated entity pursuant to a plan of entity conversion. If the organic law of the unincorporated entity does not provide for such a conversion, RSA 293-A:9.55 governs the effect of converting to that form of entity.
(b) A domestic business corporation may become a foreign unincorporated entity if the entity conversion is permitted by the laws of the foreign jurisdiction. The laws of the foreign jurisdiction governs the effect of converting to an unincorporated entity organized in that jurisdiction.
(c) A domestic unincorporated entity may become a domestic business corporation. If the organic law of a domestic unincorporated entity does not provide procedures for the approval of an entity conversion, the conversion shall be adopted and approved, and the entity conversion effectuated, in the same manner as a merger of the unincorporated entity. If the organic law of a domestic unincorporated entity does not provide procedures for the approval of either an entity conversion or a merger, a plan of entity conversion shall be adopted and approved, the entity conversion effectuated, and appraisal rights exercised, in accordance with the procedures in RSA 293-A:9.50 through RSA 293-A:9.56 and RSA 293-A:13.01 through RSA 293-A:13.40. Without limiting the provisions of this subsection, a domestic unincorporated entity whose organic law does not provide procedures for the approval of an entity conversion shall be subject to RSA 293-A:9.50(e) and RSA 293-A:9.52(a)(7). For purposes of applying RSA 293-A:9.50 through RSA 293-A:9.56 and RSA 293-A:13.01 through RSA 293-A:13.40:
(1) the unincorporated entity, its interest holders, interests and organic documents taken together, shall be deemed to be a domestic business corporation, shareholders, shares, and articles of incorporation, respectively and vice versa, as the context may require; and
(2) if a group of persons manages the business and affairs of the unincorporated entity, whether identical or not identical to the interest holders, that group shall be deemed to be the board of directors.
(d) A foreign unincorporated entity may become a domestic business corporation if the organic law of the foreign unincorporated entity authorizes it to become a corporation in another jurisdiction. The laws of the state of New Hampshire govern the effect of conversion to a domestic business corporation pursuant to RSA 293-A:9.50 through RSA 293-A:9.56.
(e) If any debt security, note, or similar evidence of indebtedness for money borrowed, whether secured or unsecured, or a contract of any kind, issued, incurred, or signed by a domestic business corporation before the effective date of RSA 293-A:9.50 through RSA 293-A:9.56, applies to a merger of the corporation and the document does not refer to an entity conversion of the corporation, the provision shall be deemed to apply to an entity conversion of the corporation until such time as the provision is amended subsequent to that date.
(f) As used in this subdivision:
(1) "Converting entity" means the domestic business corporation or domestic unincorporated entity that adopts a plan of entity conversion or the foreign unincorporated entity converting to a domestic business corporation.
(2) "Surviving entity" means the corporation or unincorporated entity that is in existence immediately after consummation of an entity conversion pursuant to this subdivision.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.51

    293-A:9.51 Plan of Entity Conversion. –
(a) A plan of entity conversion must include:
(1) a statement of the type of entity the surviving entity will be and, if it will be a foreign other entity, its jurisdiction of organization;
(2) the terms and conditions of the conversion;
(3) if the surviving entity will be an unincorporated entity the manner and basis of converting the shares of the domestic business corporation following its conversion into interests or other securities, obligations, rights to acquire interests or other securities, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing;
(4) if the surviving entity will be a domestic business corporation, the manner and the basis of converting the interest in the unincorporated entity into shares of the domestic business corporation or other securities, obligations, rights to acquire interests or other securities, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing; and
(5) the full text, as they will be in effect immediately after consummation of the conversion, of the organic documents of the surviving entity.
The plan of entity conversion may include any other provisions relating to the conversion that may be desired.
(b) The plan of entity conversion may also include a provision that the plan may be amended prior to filing articles of entity conversion, except that subsequent to approval of the plan by the shareholders or by the holders of voting interest in an unincorporated entity the plan may not be amended to change:
(1) the amount or kind of shares or other securities, interests, obligations, rights to acquire shares, other securities or interests, cash, or other property to be received under the plan by the shareholders or interest holders;
(2) the organic documents that will be in effect immediately following the conversion, except for changes permitted by a provision of the organic law of the surviving entity comparable to RSA 293-A:10.05; or
(3) any of the other terms or conditions of the plan if the change would adversely affect any of the shareholders or the interest holders in any material respect.
(c) Terms of a plan of entity conversion may be made dependent upon facts objectively ascertainable outside the plan in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.20(j).

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.52

    293-A:9.52 Action on a Plan of Entity Conversion. –
(a) In the case of an entity conversion of a domestic business corporation to a domestic or foreign unincorporated entity:
(1) The plan of entity conversion must be adopted by the board of directors.
(2) After adopting the plan of entity conversion, the board of directors must submit the plan to the shareholders for their approval. The board of directors must also transmit to the shareholders a recommendation that the shareholders approve the plan, unless (i) the board of directors makes a determination that because of conflicts of interest or other special circumstances it should not make such a recommendation or (ii) RSA 293-A:8.26 applies. If (i) or (ii) applies, the board of directors shall transmit to the shareholders the basis for that determination.
(3) The board of directors may condition its submission of the plan of entity conversion to the shareholders on any basis.
(4) If the approval of the shareholders is to be given at a meeting, the corporation must notify each shareholder, whether or not entitled to vote, of the meeting of shareholders at which the plan of entity conversion is to be submitted for approval. The notice must state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is to consider the plan and must contain or be accompanied by a copy or summary of the plan. The notice shall include or be accompanied by a copy of the organic documents as they will be in effect immediately after the entity conversion.
(5) Unless the articles of incorporation, or the board of directors acting pursuant to RSA 293-A:9.52(a)(3), requires a greater vote or a greater number of votes to be present, approval of the plan of entity conversion requires the approval of each voting group entitled to vote separately on the plan by a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast on the plan by that voting group.
(6) If any provision of the articles of incorporation, bylaws, or an agreement to which any of the directors or shareholders are parties, adopted or entered into before the effective date of RSA 293-A:9.50 through RSA 293-A:9.56, applies to a merger of the corporation and the document does not refer to an entity conversion of the corporation, the provision shall be deemed to apply to an entity conversion of the corporation until such time as the provision is subsequently amended.
(7) If as a result of the conversion one or more shareholders of the corporation would become subject to owner liability for the debts, obligations, or liabilities of any other person or entity, approval of the plan of conversion shall require the signing, by each such shareholder who does not assert appraisal rights, of a separate written consent to become subject to such owner liability.
(8) A plan of entity conversion may be approved for a participating corporation by written consent of shareholders entitled to vote, as provided in RSA 293-A:7.04. If the plan of entity conversion is approved by written consent of all shareholders, whether or not entitled to vote, a resolution of the board of directors of the participating corporation approving, proposing, submitting, recommending, or otherwise respecting the plan of entity conversion is not necessary and shareholders of the participating corporation are not entitled to receive notice of or to dissent from the plan of entity conversion.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.53

    293-A:9.53 Articles of Entity Conversion. –
(a) After the conversion of a domestic business corporation to a domestic unincorporated entity has been adopted and approved as required by this chapter, articles of entity conversion shall be signed on behalf of the corporation by any officer or other duly authorized representative. The articles shall:
(1) set forth the name of the corporation immediately before the filing of the articles of entity conversion and the name to which the name of the corporation is to be changed, which shall be a name that satisfies the organic law of the surviving entity;
(2) state the type of unincorporated entity that the surviving entity will be;
(3) set forth a statement that the plan of entity conversion was duly approved by the shareholders in the manner required by this chapter and the articles of incorporation; and
(4) if the surviving entity is a filing entity, either contain all of the provisions required to be set forth in its public organic document and any other desired provisions that are permitted, or have attached a public organic document; except that, in either case, provisions that would not be required to be included in a restated public organic document may be omitted.
(b) After the conversion of a domestic unincorporated entity to a domestic business corporation has been adopted and approved as required by the organic law of the unincorporated entity, articles of entity conversion shall be signed on behalf of the unincorporated entity by any officer or other duly authorized representative. The articles shall:
(1) set forth the name of the unincorporated entity immediately before the filing of the articles of entity conversion and the name to which the name of the unincorporated entity is to be changed, which shall be a name that satisfies the requirements of RSA 293-A:4.01;
(2) set forth a statement that the plan of entity conversion was duly approved in accordance with the organic law of the unincorporated entity; and
(3) either contain all of the provisions that RSA 293-A:2.02(a) requires to be set forth in articles of incorporation and any other desired provisions that RSA 293-A:2.02(b) permits to be included in articles of incorporation, or have attached articles of incorporation; except that, in either case, provisions that would not be required to be included in restated articles of incorporation of a domestic business corporation may be omitted.
(c) After the conversion of a foreign unincorporated entity to a domestic business corporation has been authorized as required by the laws of the foreign jurisdiction, articles of entity conversion shall be signed on behalf of the foreign unincorporated entity by any officer or other duly authorized representative. The articles shall:
(1) set forth the name of the unincorporated entity immediately before the filing of the articles of entity conversion and the name to which the name of the unincorporated entity is to be changed, which shall be a name that satisfies the requirements of RSA 293-A:4.01;
(2) set forth the jurisdiction under the laws of which the unincorporated entity was organized immediately before the filing of the articles of entity conversion and the date on which the unincorporated entity was organized in that jurisdiction;
(3) set forth a statement that the conversion of the unincorporated entity was duly approved in the manner required by its organic law; and
(4) either contain all of the provisions that RSA 293-A:2.02(a) requires to be set forth in articles of incorporation and any other desired provisions that RSA 293-A:2.02(b) permits to be included in articles of incorporation, or have attached articles of incorporation; except that, in either case, provisions that would not be required to be included in restated articles of incorporation of a domestic business corporation may be omitted.
(d) The articles of entity conversion shall be delivered to the secretary of state for filing, and shall take effect at the effective time provided in RSA 293-A:1.23. Articles of entity conversion under RSA 293-A:9.53(a) or (b) may be combined with any required conversion filing under the organic law of the domestic unincorporated entity if the combined filing satisfies the requirements of both this section and the other organic law.
(e) If the converting entity is a foreign unincorporated entity that is authorized to transact business in this state under a provision of law similar to RSA 293-A:15.01 through RSA 293-A:15.32, its certificate of authority or other type of foreign qualification shall be cancelled automatically on the effective date of its conversion.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.54

    293-A:9.54 Surrender of Charter Upon Conversion. –
(a) Whenever a domestic business corporation has adopted and approved, in the manner required by this subdivision, a plan of entity conversion providing for the corporation to be converted to a foreign unincorporated entity, articles of charter surrender shall be signed on behalf of the corporation by any officer or other duly authorized representative. The articles of charter surrender shall set forth:
(1) the name of the corporation;
(2) a statement that the articles of charter surrender are being filed in connection with the conversion of the corporation to a foreign unincorporated entity;
(3) a statement that the conversion was duly approved by the shareholders in the manner required by this chapter and the articles of incorporation;
(4) the jurisdiction under the laws of which the surviving entity will be organized; and
(5) if the surviving entity will be a nonfiling entity, the address of its executive office immediately after the conversion.
(b) The articles of charter surrender shall be delivered by the corporation to the secretary of state for filing. The articles of charter surrender shall take effect on the effective time provided in RSA 293-A:1.23.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.55

    293-A:9.55 Effect of Entity Conversion. –
(a) When a conversion under this subdivision in which the surviving entity is a domestic business corporation or domestic unincorporated entity becomes effective:
(1) the title to all real and personal property, both tangible and intangible, of the converting entity remains in the surviving entity without reversion or impairment;
(2) the liabilities of the converting entity remain the liabilities of the surviving entity;
(3) an action or proceeding pending against the converting entity continues against the surviving entity as if the conversion had not occurred;
(4) in the case of a surviving entity that is a filing entity, the articles of conversion, or the articles of incorporation or public organic document attached to the articles of conversion, constitute the articles of incorporation or public organic document of the surviving entity;
(5) in the case of a surviving entity that is a nonfiling entity, its private organic document provided for in the plan of conversion constitutes the private organic document of the surviving entity;
(6) the shares or interests of the converting entity are reclassified into shares, interests, other securities, obligations, rights to acquire shares, interests or other securities of the surviving entity, or into cash or other property in accordance with the plan of conversion; and the shareholders or interest holders of the converting entity are entitled only to the rights provided in the plan of conversion and to any other rights they may have under the organic law of the converting entity; and
(7) the surviving entity is deemed to:
(i) be a domestic business corporation or unincorporated entity for all purposes;
(ii) be the same corporation or unincorporated entity without interruption as the converting entity; and
(iii) have been incorporated or otherwise organized on the date that the converting entity was originally incorporated or organized.
(b) When a conversion of a domestic business corporation to a foreign unincorporated entity becomes effective, the surviving entity is deemed to:
(1) appoint the secretary of state as its agent for service of process in a proceeding to enforce the rights of shareholders who exercise appraisal rights in connection with the conversion; and
(2) agree that it will promptly pay the amount, if any, to which such shareholders are entitled under RSA 293-A:13.01 through RSA 293-A:13.40.
(c) A shareholder who becomes subject to owner liability for some or all of the debts, obligations, or liabilities of the surviving entity shall be personally liable only for those debts, obligations, or liabilities of the surviving entity that arise after the effective time of the articles of entity conversion.
(d) The owner liability of an interest holder in an unincorporated entity that converts to a domestic business corporation shall be as follows:
(1) The conversion does not discharge any owner liability under the organic law of the unincorporated entity to the extent any such owner liability arose before the effective time of the articles of entity conversion.
(2) The interest holder shall not have owner liability under the organic law of the unincorporated entity for any debt, obligation, or liability of the corporation that arises after the effective time of the articles of entity conversion.
(3) The provisions of the organic law of the unincorporated entity shall continue to apply to the collection or discharge of any owner liability preserved by RSA 293-A:9.55(d)(1), as if the conversion had not occurred.
(4) The interest holder shall have whatever rights of contribution from other interest holders are provided by the organic law of the unincorporated entity with respect to any owner liability preserved by RSA 293-A:9.55(d)(1), as if the conversion had not occurred.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:9.56

    293-A:9.56 Abandonment of an Entity Conversion. –
(a) Unless otherwise provided in a plan of entity conversion of a domestic business corporation, after the plan has been adopted and approved as required by this subdivision, and at any time before the entity conversion has become effective, it may be abandoned by the board of directors without action by the shareholders.
(b) If an entity conversion is abandoned after articles of entity conversion or articles of charter surrender have been filed with the secretary of state but before the entity conversion has become effective, a statement that the entity conversion has been abandoned in accordance with this section, signed by an officer or other duly authorized representative, shall be delivered to the secretary of state for filing prior to the effective date of the entity conversion. Upon filing, the statement shall take effect and the entity conversion shall be deemed abandoned and shall not become effective.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Amendment of Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws

Section 293-A:10.01

    293-A:10.01 Authority to Amend. –
(a) A corporation may amend its articles of incorporation at any time to add or change a provision that is required or permitted in the articles of incorporation as of the effective date of the amendment or to delete a provision that is not required to be contained in the articles of incorporation.
(b) A shareholder of the corporation does not have a vested property right resulting from any provision in the articles of incorporation, including provisions relating to management, control, capital structure, dividend entitlement, or purpose or duration of the corporation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:10.02

    293-A:10.02 Amendment Before Issuance of Shares. – If a corporation has not yet issued shares, its board of directors, or its incorporators if it has no board of directors, may adopt one or more amendments to the corporation's articles of incorporation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:10.03

    293-A:10.03 Amendment by Board of Directors and Shareholders. –
If a corporation has issued shares, an amendment to the articles of incorporation shall be adopted in the following manner:
(a) The proposed amendment must be adopted by the board of directors.
(b) Except as provided in RSA 293-A:10.05, RSA 293-A:10.07, and RSA 293-A:10.08, after adopting the proposed amendment the board of directors must submit the amendment to the shareholders for their approval. The board of directors must also submit to the shareholders a recommendation that the shareholders approve the amendment, unless (i) the board of directors makes a determination that because of conflicts of interest or other special circumstances it should not make such a recommendation, or (ii) RSA 293-A:8.26 applies. If (i) or (ii) applies, the board must describe to the shareholders with reasonable specificity the basis for so proceeding.
(c) The board of directors may condition its recommendation of the amendment to the shareholders on any basis.
(d) If the amendment is required to be approved by the shareholders, and the approval is to be given at a meeting, the corporation must notify each shareholder, whether or not entitled to vote, of the meeting of shareholders at which the amendment is to be submitted for approval. The notice must state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is to consider the amendment and must contain or be accompanied by a copy of the proposed amendment.
(e) Unless the articles of incorporation, or the board of directors acting pursuant to subsection (c), require a greater vote or a greater number of shares to be present, approval of the amendment shall require the approval of the shareholders at a meeting at which a quorum consisting of at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the amendment exists, and, if any class or series of shares is entitled to vote as a separate group on the amendment, except as provided in RSA 291-A:10.04(c), the approval of each such separate voting group at a meeting at which a quorum of the voting group consisting of at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the amendment by that voting group exists.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:10.04

    293-A:10.04 Voting on Amendments by Voting Groups. –
(a) If a corporation has more than one class of shares outstanding, the holders of the outstanding shares of a class are entitled to vote as a separate voting group (if shareholder voting is otherwise required by this chapter) on a proposed amendment to the articles of incorporation if the amendment would:
(1) increase or decrease the aggregate number of authorized shares of the class;
(2) effect an exchange or reclassification of all or part of the shares of the class into shares of another class;
(3) effect an exchange or reclassification, or create the right of exchange, of all or part of the shares of another class into shares of the class;
(4) change the rights, preferences, or limitations of all or part of the shares of the class;
(5) change the shares of all or part of the class into a different number of shares of the same class;
(6) create a new class of shares having rights or preferences with respect to distributions that are prior or superior to the shares of the class;
(7) increase the rights, preferences, or number of authorized shares of any class that, after giving effect to the amendment, have rights or preferences with respect to distributions that are prior or superior to the shares of the class;
(8) limit or deny an existing preemptive right of all or part of the shares of the class; or
(9) cancel or otherwise affect rights to distributions that have accumulated but not yet been authorized on all or part of the shares of the class.
(b) If a proposed amendment would affect a series of a class of shares in one or more of the ways described in subsection (a), the holders of shares of that series are entitled to vote as a separate voting group on the proposed amendment.
(c) If a proposed amendment that entitles the holders of 2 or more classes or series of shares to vote as separate voting groups under this section would affect those 2 or more classes or series in the same or a substantially similar way, the holders of shares of all the classes or series so affected must vote together as a single voting group on the proposed amendment, unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or required by the board of directors.
(d) A class or series of shares is entitled to the voting rights granted by this section although the articles of incorporation provide that the shares are nonvoting shares.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:10.05

    293-A:10.05 Amendment by Board of Directors. –
(a) Unless the articles of incorporation provide otherwise, a corporation's board of directors may adopt amendments to the corporation's articles of incorporation without shareholder approval:
(1) to extend the duration of the corporation if it was incorporated at a time when limited duration was required by law;
(2) to delete the names and addresses of the initial directors;
(3) to delete the name and address of the initial registered agent or registered office, if a statement of change is on file with the secretary of state;
(4) if the corporation has only one class of shares outstanding:
(i) to change each issued and unissued authorized share of the class into a greater number of whole shares of that class; or
(ii) to increase the number of authorized shares of the class to the extent necessary to permit the issuance of shares as a share dividend;
(5) to change the corporate name by substituting the word "corporation," "incorporated," "limited," or the abbreviation "corp.," "inc.," or "ltd.," for a similar word or abbreviation in the name, or by adding, deleting, or changing a geographical attribution for the name;
(6) to reflect a reduction in authorized shares, as a result of the operation of RSA 293-A:6.31(b), when the corporation has acquired its own shares and the articles of incorporation prohibit the reissue of the acquired shares;
(7) to delete a class of shares from the articles of incorporation, as a result of the operation of RSA 293-A:6.31(b), when there are no remaining outstanding shares of the class because the corporation has acquired all shares of the class and the articles of incorporation prohibit the reissue of the acquired shares; or
(8) to make any change expressly permitted by RSA 293-A:6.02(a) or (b) to be made without shareholder approval.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:10.06

    293-A:10.06 Articles of Amendment. –
(a) After an amendment to the articles of incorporation has been adopted and approved in the manner required by this chapter and by the articles of incorporation, the corporation shall deliver to the secretary of state, for filing, articles of amendment, which shall set forth:
(1) the name of the corporation;
(2) the text of each amendment adopted, or the information required by RSA 293-A:1.20(j)(5);
(3) if an amendment provides for an exchange, reclassification, or cancellation of issued shares, provisions for implementing the amendment if not contained in the amendment itself, which may be made dependent upon facts objectively ascertainable outside the articles of amendment in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.20(j)(5);
(4) the date of each amendment's adoption; and
(5) if an amendment:
(i) was adopted by the incorporators or board of directors without shareholder approval, a statement that the amendment was duly approved by the incorporators or by the board of directors, as the case may be, and that shareholder approval was not required;
(ii) required approval by the shareholders, a statement that the amendment was duly approved by the shareholders in the manner required by this chapter and by the articles of incorporation; or
(iii) is being filed pursuant to RSA 293-A:1.20(j)(5), a statement to that effect.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:10.07

    293-A:10.07 Restated Articles of Incorporation. –
(a) A corporation's board of directors may restate its articles of incorporation at any time, with or without shareholder approval, to consolidate all properly approved amendments into a single document.
(b) If the restated articles include one or more new amendments that require shareholder approval, the amendments must be adopted and approved as provided in RSA 293-A:10.03.
(c) A corporation that restates its articles of incorporation shall deliver to the secretary of state for filing articles of restatement setting forth the name of the corporation and the text of the restated articles of incorporation together with a certificate which states that the restated articles consolidate all amendments into a single document and, if a new amendment is included in the restated articles, which also includes the statements required under RSA 293-A:10.06.
(d) Duly adopted restated articles of incorporation supersede the original articles of incorporation and all amendments thereto.
(e) The secretary of state may certify restated articles of incorporation as the articles of incorporation currently in effect, without including the certificate information required by subsection (c).

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:10.08

    293-A:10.08 Amendment Pursuant to Reorganization. –
(a) A corporation's articles of incorporation may be amended without action by the board of directors or shareholders to carry out a plan of reorganization ordered or decreed by a court of competent jurisdiction under the authority of a law of the United States.
(b) The individual or individuals designated by the court shall deliver to the secretary of state for filing articles of amendment setting forth:
(1) the name of the corporation;
(2) the text of each amendment approved by the court;
(3) the date of the court's order or decree approving the articles of amendment;
(4) the title of the reorganization proceeding in which the order or decree was entered; and
(5) a statement that the court had jurisdiction of the proceeding under federal statute.
(c) This section does not apply after entry of a final decree in the reorganization proceeding even though the court retains jurisdiction of the proceeding for limited purposes unrelated to consummation of the reorganization plan.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:10.09

    293-A:10.09 Effect of Amendment. – An amendment to the articles of incorporation does not affect a cause of action existing against or in favor of the corporation, a proceeding to which the corporation is a party, or the existing rights of persons other than shareholders of the corporation. An amendment changing a corporation's name does not abate a proceeding brought by or against the corporation in its former name.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:10.20

    293-A:10.20 Amendment by Board of Directors or Shareholders. –
(a) A corporation's shareholders may amend or repeal the corporation's bylaws.
(b) A corporation's board of directors may amend or repeal the corporation's bylaws, unless:
(1) the articles of incorporation, RSA 293-A:10.21 or, if applicable, RSA 293-A:10.22 reserve that power exclusively to the shareholders in whole or part; or
(2) except as provided in RSA 293-A:2.06(d), the shareholders in amending, repealing, or adopting a bylaw expressly provide that the board of directors may not amend, repeal, or reinstate that bylaw.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:10.21

    293-A:10.21 Bylaw Increasing Quorum or Voting Requirement for Directors. –
(a) A bylaw that increases a quorum or voting requirement for the board of directors may be amended or repealed:
(1) if originally adopted by the shareholders, only by the shareholders, unless the bylaw otherwise provides;
(2) if adopted by the board of directors, either by the shareholders or by the board of directors.
(b) A bylaw adopted or amended by the shareholders that increases a quorum or voting requirement for the board of directors may provide that it can be amended or repealed only by a specified vote of either the shareholders or the board of directors.
(c) Action by the board of directors under subsection (a) to amend or repeal a bylaw that changes the quorum or voting requirement for the board of directors must meet the same quorum requirement and be adopted by the same vote required to take action under the quorum and voting requirement then in effect or proposed to be adopted, whichever is greater.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:10.22

    293-A:10.22 Bylaw Provisions Relating to the Election of Directors. –
(a) Unless the articles of incorporation (i) specifically prohibit the adoption of a bylaw pursuant to this section, (ii) alter the vote specified in RSA 293-A:7.28(a), or (iii) provide for cumulative voting, a public corporation may elect in its bylaws to be governed in the election of directors as follows:
(1) each vote entitled to be cast may be voted for or against up to that number of candidates that is equal to the number of directors to be elected, or a shareholder may indicate an abstention, but without cumulating the votes;
(2) to be elected, a nominee must have received a plurality of the votes cast by holders of shares entitled to vote in the election at a meeting at which a quorum is present, provided that a nominee who is elected but receives more votes against than for election shall serve as a director for a term that shall terminate on the date on which an individual is selected by the board of directors to fill the office held by such director, which selection shall be deemed to constitute the filling of a vacancy by the board to which RSA 293-A:8.10 applies; and
(3) the board of directors may select any qualified individual to fill the office held by a director who received more votes against than for election.
(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to an election of directors by a voting group if (i) at the expiration of the time fixed under a provision requiring advance notification of director candidates, or (ii) absent such a provision, at a time fixed by the board of directors which is not more than 14 days before notice is given of the meeting at which the election is to occur, there are more candidates for election by the voting group than the number of directors to be elected, one or more of whom are properly proposed by shareholders. An individual shall not be considered a candidate for purposes of this subsection if the board of directors determines before the notice of meeting is given that such individual's candidacy does not create a bona fide election contest.
(c) A bylaw electing to be governed by this section may be repealed:
(1) if originally adopted by the shareholders, only by the shareholders, unless the bylaw otherwise provides; or
(2) if adopted by the board of directors, by the board of directors or the shareholders.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Merger and Share Exchange

Section 293-A:11.01

    293-A:11.01 Definitions. –
As used in this subdivision:
(a) "Merger" means a business combination pursuant to RSA 293-A:11.02.
(b) "Party to a merger" or "party to a share exchange" means any domestic or foreign corporation or eligible entity that will:
(1) merge under a plan of merger;
(2) acquire shares or eligible interests of another corporation or an eligible entity in a share exchange; or
(3) have all of its shares or eligible interests or all of one or more classes or series of its shares or eligible interests acquired in a share exchange.
(c) "Share exchange" means a business combination pursuant to RSA 293-A:11.03.
(d) "Survivor" in a merger means the corporation or eligible entity into which one or more other corporations or eligible entities are merged. A survivor of a merger may preexist the merger or be created by the merger.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:11.02

    293-A:11.02 Merger. –
(a) One or more domestic business corporations may merge with one or more domestic or foreign business corporations or eligible entities pursuant to a plan of merger, or 2 or more foreign business corporations or domestic or foreign eligible entities may merge into a new domestic business corporation to be created in the merger in the manner provided in this subdivision.
(b) A foreign business corporation, or a foreign eligible entity, may be a party to a merger with a domestic business corporation, or may be created by the terms of the plan of merger, only if the merger is permitted by the foreign business corporation or eligible entity.
(c) If the organic law of a domestic eligible entity does not provide procedures for the approval of a merger, a plan of merger may be adopted and approved, the merger effectuated, and appraisal rights exercised in accordance with the procedures in this subdivision and RSA 293-A:13.01 through RSA 293-A:13.40. For the purposes of applying this subdivision and RSA 293-A:13.01 through RSA 293-A:13.40:
(1) the eligible entity, its members or interest holders, eligible interests, and organic documents taken together shall be deemed to be a domestic business corporation, shareholders, shares, and articles of incorporation, respectively and vice versa as the context may require; and
(2) if the business and affairs of the eligible entity are managed by a group of persons that is not identical to the members or interest holders, that group shall be deemed to be the board of directors.
(d) The plan of merger must include:
(1) the name of each domestic or foreign business corporation or eligible entity that will merge and the name of the domestic or foreign business corporation or eligible entity that will be the survivor of the merger;
(2) the terms and conditions of the merger;
(3) the manner and basis of converting the shares of each merging domestic or foreign business corporation and eligible interests of each merging domestic or foreign eligible entity into shares or other securities, eligible interests, obligations, rights to acquire shares, other securities or eligible interests, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing;
(4) the articles of incorporation of any domestic or foreign business, or the organic documents of any domestic or foreign unincorporated entity, to be created by the merger, or if a new domestic or foreign business or unincorporated entity is not to be created by the merger, any amendments to the survivor's articles of incorporation or organic documents; and
(5) any other provisions required by the laws under which any party to the merger is organized or by which it is governed, or by the articles of incorporation or organic document of any such party.
(e) Terms of a plan of merger may be made dependent on facts objectively ascertainable outside the plan in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.20(j).
(f) The plan of merger may also include a provision that the plan may be amended prior to filing articles of merger, but if the shareholders of a domestic corporation that is a party to the merger are required or permitted to vote on the plan, the plan must provide that subsequent to approval of the plan by such shareholders the plan may not be amended to change:
(1) the amount or kind of shares or other securities, eligible interests, obligations, rights to acquire shares, other securities or eligible interests, cash, or other property to be received under the plan by the shareholders of or owners of eligible interests in any party to the merger;
(2) the articles of incorporation of any corporation, or the organic documents of any unincorporated entity, that will survive or be created as a result of the merger, except for changes permitted by RSA 293-A:10.05 or by comparable provisions of the organic laws of any such foreign corporation or domestic or foreign unincorporated entity; or
(3) any of the other terms or conditions of the plan if the change would adversely affect such shareholders in any material respect.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:11.03

    293-A:11.03 Share Exchange. –
(a) Through a share exchange:
(1) a domestic corporation may acquire all of the shares of one or more classes or series of shares of another domestic or foreign corporation, or all of the interests of one or more classes or series of interests of a domestic or foreign eligible entity, in exchange for shares or other securities, interests, obligations, rights to acquire shares or other securities, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing, pursuant to a plan of share exchange, or
(2) all of the shares of one or more classes or series of shares of a domestic corporation may be acquired by another domestic or foreign corporation or eligible entity, in exchange for shares or other securities, interests, obligations, rights to acquire shares or other securities, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing, pursuant to a plan of share exchange.
(b) A foreign corporation or eligible entity may be a party to a share exchange only if the share exchange is permitted by the law under which the corporation or eligible entity is organized or by which it is governed.
(c) If the organic law of a domestic eligible entity does not provide procedures for the approval of a share exchange, a plan of share exchange may be adopted and approved, and the share exchange effectuated, in accordance with the procedures, if any, for a merger. If the organic law of a domestic eligible entity does not provide procedures for the approval of either a share exchange or a merger, a plan of share exchange may be adopted and approved, the share exchange effectuated, and appraisal rights exercised, in accordance with the procedures in this subdivision and RSA 293-A:13.01 through RSA 293-A:13.40. For the purposes of applying this subdivision and RSA 293-A:13.01 through RSA 293-A:13.40:
(1) the eligible entity, its interest holders, interests and organic documents taken together shall be deemed to be a domestic business corporation, shareholders, shares, and articles of incorporation, respectively and vice versa as the context may require; and
(2) if the business and affairs of the eligible entity are managed by a group of persons that is not identical to the interest holders, that group shall be deemed to be the board of directors.
(d) The plan of share exchange must include:
(1) the name of each corporation or eligible entity whose shares or interests will be acquired and the name of the corporation or eligible entity that will acquire those shares or interests;
(2) the terms and conditions of the share exchange;
(3) the manner and basis of exchanging shares of a corporation or interests in an eligible entity whose shares or interests will be acquired under the share exchange into shares or other securities, interests, obligations, rights to acquire shares, other securities, or interests, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing; and
(4) any other provisions required by the laws under which any party to the share exchange is organized or by the articles of incorporation or organic document of any such party.
(e) Terms of a plan of share exchange may be made dependent on facts objectively ascertainable outside the plan in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.20(j).
(f) The plan of share exchange may also include a provision that the plan may be amended prior to filing articles of share exchange, but if the shareholders of a domestic corporation that is a party to the share exchange are required or permitted to vote on the plan, the plan must provide that subsequent to approval of the plan by such shareholders the plan may not be amended to change:
(1) the amount or kind of shares or other securities, interests, obligations, rights to acquire shares, other securities or interests, cash, or other property to be issued by the corporation or to be received under the plan by the shareholders of or owners of interests in any party to the share exchange; or
(2) any of the other terms or conditions of the plan if the change would adversely affect such shareholders in any material respect.
(g) RSA 293-A:11.03 does not limit the power of a domestic corporation to acquire shares of another corporation or interests in another eligible entity in a transaction other than a share exchange.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:11.04

    293-A:11.04 Action on a Plan of Merger or Share Exchange. –
In the case of a domestic corporation that is a party to a merger or share exchange:
(a) The plan of merger or share exchange must be adopted by the board of directors.
(b) Except as provided in subsection (g) and in RSA 293-A:11.05, after adopting the plan of merger or share exchange the board of directors must submit the plan to the shareholders for their approval. The board of directors must also transmit to the shareholders a recommendation that the shareholders approve the plan, unless: (i) the board of directors makes a determination that because of conflicts of interest or other special circumstances it should not make such a recommendation; or (ii) RSA 293-A:8.26 applies. If either (i) or (ii) applies, the board of directors must transmit to the shareholders the basis for that determination.
(c) The board of directors may condition its submission of the plan of merger or share exchange to the shareholders on any basis.
(d) If the plan of merger or share exchange is required to be approved by the shareholders, and if the approval is to be given at a meeting, the corporation must notify each shareholder, whether or not entitled to vote, of the meeting of shareholders at which the plan is to be submitted for approval. The notice must state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is to consider the plan and must contain or be accompanied by a copy or summary of the plan. If the corporation is to be merged into an existing corporation or eligible entity, the notice shall also include or be accompanied by a copy or summary of the articles of incorporation or organizational documents of that corporation or eligible entity. If the corporation is to be merged into a corporation or eligible entity that is to be created pursuant to the merger, the notice shall include or be accompanied by a copy or a summary of the articles of incorporation or organizational documents of the new corporation or eligible entity.
(e) Unless the articles of incorporation, or the board of directors acting pursuant to subsection (c), requires a greater vote or a greater number of votes to be present, approval of the plan of merger or share exchange requires the approval of the shareholders at a meeting at which a quorum consisting of at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the plan exists, and, if any class or series of shares is entitled to vote as a separate group on the plan of merger or share exchange, the approval of each such separate voting group at a meeting at which a quorum of the voting group consisting of at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the merger or share exchange by that voting group is present.
(f) Subject to subsection (g), separate voting by voting groups is required:
(1) on a plan of merger, by each class or series of shares that:
(i) are to be converted under the plan of merger into other securities, interests, obligations, rights to acquire shares, other securities or interests, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing; or
(ii) are entitled to vote as a separate group on a provision in the plan that constitutes a proposed amendment to articles of incorporation, of a surviving corporation, that requires require action by separate voting groups under RSA 293-A:10.04;
(2) on a plan of share exchange, by each class or series of shares included in the exchange, with each class or series constituting a separate voting group; and
(3) on a plan of merger or share exchange, if the voting group is entitled under the articles of incorporation to vote as a voting group to approve a plan of merger or share exchange.
(g) The articles of incorporation may expressly limit or eliminate the separate voting rights provided in subsections (f)(1)(i) and (f)(2) as to any class or series of shares, except for a transaction that (A) includes what is or would be, if the corporation were the surviving corporation, an amendment subject to subsection (f)(1)(ii), and (B) will effect no significant change in the assets of the resulting entity, including all parents and subsidiaries on a consolidated basis.
(h) Unless the articles of incorporation otherwise provide, approval by the corporation's shareholders of a plan of merger or share exchange is not required if:
(1) the corporation will survive the merger or is the acquiring corporation in a share exchange;
(2) except for amendments permitted by RSA 293-A:10.05, its articles of incorporation will not be changed; and
(3) each shareholder of the corporation whose shares were outstanding immediately before the effective date of the merger or share exchange will hold the same number of shares, with identical preferences, limitations, and relative rights, immediately after the effective date of change.
(i) If as a result of a merger or share exchange one or more shareholders of a domestic corporation would become subject to owner liability for the debts, obligations, or liabilities of any other person or entity, approval of the plan of merger or share exchange shall require the execution, by each such shareholder, of a separate written consent to become subject to such owner liability.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:11.05

    293-A:11.05 Merger Between Parent and Subsidiary or Between Subsidiaries. –
(a) A domestic parent corporation that owns shares of a domestic or foreign subsidiary corporation that carry at least 90 percent of the voting power of each class and series of the outstanding shares of the subsidiary that have voting power may merge the subsidiary into itself or into another such subsidiary, or merge itself into the subsidiary, without the approval of the board of directors or shareholders of the subsidiary, unless the articles of incorporation of any of the corporations otherwise provide, and unless, in the case of a foreign subsidiary, approval by the subsidiary's board of directors or shareholders is required by the laws under which the subsidiary is organized.
(b) If under subsection (a) approval of a merger by the subsidiary's shareholders is not required, the parent corporation shall, within 10 days after the effective date of the merger, notify each of the subsidiary's shareholders that the merger has become effective.
(c) Except as provided in subsections (a) and (b), a merger between a parent and a subsidiary shall be governed by the provisions of RSA 293-A:11.01 through RSA 293-A:11.08 applicable to mergers generally.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:11.06

    293-A:11.06 Articles of Merger or Share Exchange. –
(a) After a plan of merger or share exchange has been adopted and approved as required by this chapter, articles of merger or share exchange shall be signed on behalf of each party to the merger or share exchange in accordance with RSA 293-A:1.20(f). The articles shall set forth:
(1) either:
(i) the plan of merger or share exchange, or
(ii) a statement that the plan of merger or share exchange will be made available to any shareholder entitled to vote on the merger or share exchange upon the request of such shareholder to the president or secretary of the corporation;
(2) the names of the parties to the merger or share exchange;
(3) if the articles of incorporation of the survivor of a merger are amended, the amendments to the survivor's articles of incorporation, or if a new corporation is created as a result of a merger, the articles of incorporation of the new corporation;
(4) if the plan of merger or share exchange required approval by the shareholders of a domestic corporation that was a party to the merger or share exchange, a statement that the plan was duly approved by the shareholders and, if voting by any separate voting group was required, by each such separate voting group, in the manner required by this chapter and the articles of incorporation;
(5) if the plan of merger or share exchange did not require approval by the shareholders of a domestic corporation that was a party to the merger or share exchange, a statement to that effect; and
(6) as to each foreign corporation or eligible entity that was a party to the merger or share exchange, a statement that the participation of the foreign corporation or eligible entity was duly authorized as required by the organic law of the corporation or eligible entity.

Source. 2013, 142:1. 2015, 273:7, eff. Jan. 1, 2016.

Section 293-A:11.07

    293-A:11.07 Effect of Merger or Share Exchange. –
(a) When a merger becomes effective:
(1) the corporation or eligible entity that is designated in the plan of merger as the survivor continues or comes into existence, as the case may be;
(2) the separate existence of every corporation or eligible entity that is merged into the survivor ceases;
(3) all title to real estate and other property owned by, and every contract right possessed by, each corporation or eligible entity that merges into the survivor is vested in the survivor without reversion or impairment;
(4) all liabilities of each corporation or eligible entity that is merged into the survivor are vested in the survivor;
(5) the name of the survivor may, but need not be, substituted in any pending proceeding for the name of any party to the merger whose separate existence ceased in the merger;
(6) the articles of incorporation or organic documents of the survivor are amended to the extent provided in the plan of merger;
(7) the articles of incorporation or organic documents of a survivor that is created by the merger become effective; and
(8) the shares of each corporation that is a party to the merger, and the interests in an eligible entity that is a party to a merger, that are to be converted under the plan of merger into shares, eligible interests, obligations, rights to acquire securities, other securities, or eligible interests, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing, are converted, and the former holders of such shares or eligible interests are entitled only to the rights provided to them in the plan of merger or to any rights they may have under RSA 293-A:13.01 through RSA 293-A:13.40 or the organic law of the eligible entity.
(b) When a share exchange becomes effective, the shares of each domestic corporation that are to be exchanged for shares or other securities, interests, obligations, rights to acquire shares or other securities, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing, are entitled only to the rights provided to them in the plan of share exchange or to any rights they may have under RSA 293-A:13.01 through RSA 293-A:13.40.
(c) A person who becomes subject to owner liability for some or all of the debts, obligations, or liabilities of any entity as a result of a merger or share exchange shall have owner liability only to the extent provided in the organic law of the entity and only for those debts, obligations, and liabilities that arise after the effective time of the articles of merger or share exchange.
(d) Upon a merger becoming effective, a foreign corporation, or a foreign eligible entity, that is the survivor of the merger is deemed to:
(1) appoint the secretary of state as its agent for service of process in a proceeding to enforce the rights of shareholders of each domestic corporation that is a party to the merger who exercise appraisal rights, and
(2) agree that it will promptly pay the amount, if any, to which such shareholders are entitled under RSA 293-A:13.01 through RSA 293-A:13.40.
(e) The effect of a merger or share exchange on the owner liability of a person who had owner liability for some or all of the debts, obligations, or liabilities of a party to the merger or share exchange shall be as follows:
(1) The merger or share exchange does not discharge any owner liability under the organic law of the entity in which the person was a shareholder or interest holder to the extent any such owner liability arose before the effective time of the articles of merger or share exchange.
(2) The person shall not have owner liability under the organic law of the entity in which the person was a shareholder or interest holder prior to the merger or share exchange for any debt, obligation, or liability that arises after the effective time of the articles of merger or share exchange.
(3) The provisions of the organic law of any entity for which the person had owner liability before the merger or share exchange shall continue to apply to the collection or discharge of any owner liability preserved by subparagraph (1), as if the merger or share exchange had not occurred.
(4) The person shall have whatever rights of contribution from other persons are provided by the organic law of the entity for which the person had owner liability with respect to any owner liability preserved by subparagraph (1), as if the merger or share exchange had not occurred.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:11.08

    293-A:11.08 Abandonment of a Merger or Share Exchange. –
(a) Unless otherwise provided in a plan of merger or share exchange or in the laws under which a foreign business corporation or a domestic or foreign eligible entity that is a party to a merger or a share exchange is organized or by which it is governed, after the plan has been adopted and approved as required by this chapter, and at any time before the merger or share exchange has become effective, it may be abandoned by a domestic business corporation that is a party thereto without action by its shareholders in accordance with any procedures set forth in the plan of merger or share exchange or, if no such procedures are set forth in the plan, in the manner determined by the board of directors, subject to any contractual rights of other parties to the merger or share exchange.
(b) If a merger or share exchange is abandoned under subsection (a) after articles of merger or share exchange have been filed with the secretary of state but before the merger or share exchange has become effective, a statement that the merger or share exchange has been abandoned in accordance with this section, signed on behalf of a party to the merger or share exchange by an officer or other duly authorized representative, shall be delivered to the secretary of state for filing prior to the effective date of the merger or share exchange. Upon filing, the statement shall take effect and the merger or share exchange shall be deemed abandoned and shall not become effective.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Sale of Assets

Section 293-A:12.01

    293-A:12.01 Disposition of Assets Not Requiring Shareholder Approval. –
(a) No approval of the shareholders of a corporation is required, unless the articles of incorporation otherwise provide, for a corporation, upon the terms and conditions and for the consideration determined by the board of directors:
(1) to sell, lease, exchange, or otherwise dispose of any or all of the corporation's assets in the usual and regular course of business;
(2) to mortgage, pledge, dedicate to the repayment of indebtedness (whether with or without recourse), or otherwise encumber any or all of the corporation's assets, whether or not in the usual and regular course of business;
(3) to transfer any or all of the corporation's assets to one or more corporations or other entities all of the shares or interests of which are owned by the corporation; or
(4) to distribute assets pro rata to the holders of one or more classes or series of the corporation's shares.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:12.02

    293-A:12.02 Shareholder Approval of Certain Dispositions. –
(a) A sale, lease, exchange, or other disposition of assets, other than a disposition described in RSA 293-A:12.01, requires approval of the corporation's shareholders if the disposition would leave the corporation without a significant continuing business activity. If a corporation retains a business activity that represented at least 25 percent of total assets at the end of the most recently completed fiscal year, and 25 percent of either income from continuing operations before taxes or revenues from continuing operations for that fiscal year, in each case of the corporation and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, the corporation will conclusively be deemed to have retained a significant continuing business activity.
(b) A disposition that requires approval of the shareholders under subsection (a) shall be initiated by a resolution by the board of directors authorizing the disposition. After adoption of such a resolution, the board of directors shall submit the proposed disposition to the shareholders for their approval. The board of directors shall also transmit to the shareholders a recommendation that the shareholders approve the proposed disposition, unless (i) the board of directors makes a determination that because of conflicts of interest or other special circumstances it should not make such a recommendation, or (ii) RSA 293-A:8.26 applies. If either (i) or (ii) applies, the board must transmit to the shareholders the basis for so proceeding.
(c) The board of directors may condition its submission of a disposition to the shareholders under subsection (b) on any basis.
(d) If a disposition is required to be approved by the shareholders under subsection (a), and if the approval is to be given at a meeting, the corporation shall notify each shareholder, whether or not entitled to vote, of the meeting of shareholders at which the disposition is to be submitted for approval. The notice shall state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is to consider the disposition and shall contain a description of the disposition, including the terms and conditions thereof and the consideration to be received by the corporation.
(e) Unless the articles of incorporation or the board of directors acting pursuant to subsection (c) requires a greater vote, or a greater number of votes to be present, the approval of a disposition by the shareholders shall require the approval of the shareholders at a meeting at which a quorum consisting of at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the disposition exists.
(f) After a disposition has been approved by the shareholders under subsection (b), and at any time before the disposition has been consummated, it may be abandoned by the corporation without action by the shareholders, subject to any contractual rights of other parties to the disposition.
(g) A disposition of assets in the course of dissolution under RSA 293-A:14.01 through RSA 293-A:14.34 is not governed by this subdivision.
(h) The assets of a direct or indirect consolidated subsidiary shall be deemed the assets of the parent corporation for the purposes of this section.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Dissenters' Rights

Section 293-A:13.01

    293-A:13.01 Definitions. –
(a) In this subdivision:
(1) "Affiliate" means a person that directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another person or is a senior executive thereof. For purposes of RSA 293-A:13.02(b)(4), a person is deemed to be an affiliate of its senior executives.
(2) "Beneficial shareholder" means a person who is the beneficial owner of shares held in a voting trust or by a nominee on the beneficial owner's behalf.
(3) "Corporation" means the issuer of the shares held by a shareholder demanding appraisal and, for matters covered in RSA 293-A:13.22 through RSA 293-A:13.31, includes the surviving entity in a merger.
(4) "Fair value" means the value of the corporation's shares determined:
(i) immediately before the effectuation of the corporate action to which the shareholder objects;
(ii) using customary and current valuation concepts and techniques generally employed for similar businesses in the context of the transaction requiring appraisal; and
(iii) without discounting for lack of marketability or minority status except, if appropriate, for amendments to the articles pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.02(a)(5).
(5) "Interest" means interest from the effective date of the corporate action until the date of payment, at the rate of interest on judgments in this state on the effective date of the corporate action.
(6) "Interested transaction" means a corporate action described in RSA 293-A:13.02(a), other than a merger pursuant to RSA 293-A:11.05, involving an interested person in which any of the shares or assets of the corporation are being acquired or converted.
(7) "Interested person" means a person, or an affiliate of a person, who at any time during the one-year period immediately preceding approval by the board of directors of the corporate action:
(i) was the beneficial owner of 20 percent or more of the voting power of the corporation, other than as owner of excluded shares;
(ii) had the power, contractually or otherwise, other than as owner of excluded shares, to cause the appointment or election of 25 percent or more of the directors to the board of directors of the corporation; or
(iii) was a senior executive or director of the corporation or a senior executive of any affiliate thereof, and that senior executive or director will receive, as a result of the corporate action, a financial benefit not generally available to other shareholders as such, other than:
(A) employment, consulting, retirement, or similar benefits established separately and not as part of or in contemplation of the corporate action; or
(B) employment, consulting, retirement, or similar benefits established in contemplation of, or as part of, the corporate action that are not more favorable than those existing before the corporate action or, if more favorable, that have been approved on behalf of the corporation in the same manner as is provided in RSA 293-A:8.62; or
(C) in the case of a director of the corporation who will, in the corporate action, become a director of the acquiring entity in the corporate action or one of its affiliates, rights and benefits as a director that are provided on the same basis as those afforded by the acquiring entity generally to other directors of such entity or such affiliate.
(8) "Beneficial owner" means any person who, directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, or understanding, other than a revocable proxy, has or shares the power to vote, or to direct the voting of, shares; except that a member of a national securities exchange is not deemed to be a beneficial owner of securities held directly or indirectly by it on behalf of another person solely because the member is the record holder of the securities if the member is precluded by the rules of the exchange from voting without instruction on contested matters or matters that may affect substantially the rights or privileges of the holders of the securities to be voted. When 2 or more persons agree to act together for the purpose of voting their shares of the corporation, each member of the group formed thereby is deemed to have acquired beneficial ownership, as of the date of the agreement, of all voting shares of the corporation beneficially owned by any member of the group.
(9) "Excluded shares" means shares acquired pursuant to an offer for all shares having voting power if the offer was made within one year prior to the corporate action for consideration of the same kind and of a value equal to or less than that paid in connection with the corporate action.
(10) "Preferred shares" means a class or series of shares whose holders have preference over any other class or series with respect to distributions.
(11) "Record shareholder" means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of the corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with the corporation.
(12) "Senior executive" means the chief executive officer, chief operating officer, chief financial officer, and anyone in charge of a principal business unit or function.
(13) "Shareholder" means both a record shareholder and a beneficial shareholder.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.02

    293-A:13.02 Right to Appraisal. –
(a) A shareholder is entitled to appraisal rights, and to obtain payment of the fair value of that shareholder's shares, in the event of any of the following corporate actions:
(1) consummation of a merger to which the corporation is a party (i) if shareholder approval is required for the merger by RSA 293-A:11.04, except that appraisal rights shall not be available to any shareholder of the corporation with respect to shares of any class or series that remain outstanding after consummation of the merger, or (ii) if the corporation is a subsidiary and the merger is governed by RSA 293-A:11.05;
(2) consummation of a share exchange to which the corporation is a party as the corporation whose shares will be acquired, except that appraisal rights shall not be available to any shareholder of the corporation with respect to any class or series of shares of the corporation that is not exchanged;
(3) consummation of a disposition of assets pursuant to RSA 293-A:12.02, except that appraisal rights shall not be available to any shareholder of the corporation with respect to shares of any class or series if (i) under the terms of the corporate action approved by the shareholders there is to be distributed to shareholders in cash its net assets, in excess of a reasonable amount reserved to meet claims of the type described in RSA 293-A:14.06 and RSA 293-A:14.07, (A) within one year after the shareholders' approval of the action and (B) in accordance with their respective interests determined at the time of distribution, and (ii) the disposition of assets is not an interested transaction;
(4) an amendment of the articles of incorporation with respect to a class or series of shares that reduces the number of shares of a class or series owned by the shareholder to a fraction of a share if the corporation has the obligation or right to repurchase the fractional share so created;
(5) any other amendment to the articles of incorporation, or any other merger, share exchange or disposition of assets, to the extent provided by the articles of incorporation, bylaws, or a resolution of the board of directors;
(6) consummation of a domestication if the shareholder does not receive shares in the foreign corporation resulting from the domestication that have terms as favorable to the shareholder in all material respects, and represent at least the same percentage interest of the total voting rights of the outstanding shares of the corporation, as the shares held by the shareholder before the domestication; or
(7) consummation of a conversion of the corporation to an unincorporated entity pursuant to RSA 293-A:9.50 through RSA 293-A:9.56.
(b) Notwithstanding RSA 293-A:13.02(a), the availability of appraisal rights under RSA 293-A:13.02(a)(1), (2), (3), (4), (6), and (7) shall be limited in accordance with the following provisions:
(1) Appraisal rights shall not be available for the holders of shares of any class or series of shares which is:
(i) a covered security under section 18(b)(1)(A) or (B) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended; or
(ii) traded in an organized market and has at least 1,000 shareholders and a market value of at least $20 million (exclusive of the value of such shares held by the corporation's subsidiaries, senior executives, directors and beneficial shareholders owning more than 10 percent of such shares); or
(iii) issued by an open end management investment company registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Investment Company Act of 1940 and may be redeemed at the option of the holder at net asset value.
(2) The applicability of RSA 293-A:13.02(b)(1) shall be determined as of:
(i) the record date fixed to determine the shareholders entitled to receive notice of the meeting of shareholders to act upon the corporate action requiring appraisal rights; or
(ii) the day before the effective date of such corporate action if there is no meeting of shareholders.
(3) RSA 293-A:13.02(b)(1) shall not be applicable and appraisal rights shall be available pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.02(a) for the holders of any class or series of shares (i) who are required by the terms of the corporate action requiring appraisal rights to accept for such shares anything other than cash or shares of any class or any series of shares of any corporation, or any other proprietary interest of any other entity, that satisfies the standards set forth in RSA 293-A:13.02(b)(1) at the time the corporate action becomes effective, or (ii) in the case of the consummation of a disposition of assets pursuant to RSA 293-A:12.02, unless such cash, shares or proprietary interests are, under the terms of the corporate action approved by the shareholders, to be distributed to the shareholders, as part of a distribution to shareholders of the net assets of the corporation in excess of a reasonable amount to meet claims of the type described in RSA 293-A:14.06 and RSA 293-A:14.07, (A) within one year after the shareholders' approval of the action, and (B) in accordance with their respective interests determined at the time of the distribution.
(4) RSA 293-A:13.02(b)(1) shall not be applicable and appraisal rights shall be available pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.02(a) for the holders of any class or series of shares where the corporate action is an interested transaction.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of RSA 293-A:13.02, the articles of incorporation as originally filed or any amendment thereto may limit or eliminate appraisal rights for any class or series of preferred shares, except that (i) no such limitation or elimination shall be effective if the class or series does not have the right to vote separately as a voting group (alone or as part of a group) on the action or if the action is a conversion to an unincorporated entity under RSA 293-A:9.50 through RSA 293-A:9.56, or a merger having a similar effect, and (ii) any such limitation or elimination contained in an amendment to the articles of incorporation that limits or eliminates appraisal rights for any of such shares that are outstanding immediately prior to the effective date of such amendment or that the corporation is or may be required to issue or sell thereafter pursuant to any conversion, exchange or other right existing immediately before the effective date of such amendment shall not apply to any corporate action that becomes effective within one year of that date if such action would otherwise afford appraisal rights.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.03

    293-A:13.03 Assertion of Rights by Nominees and Beneficial Owners. –
(a) A record shareholder may assert appraisal rights as to fewer than all the shares registered in the record shareholder's name but owned by a beneficial shareholder only if the record shareholder objects with respect to all shares of the class or series owned by the beneficial shareholder and notifies the corporation in writing of the name and address of each beneficial shareholder on whose behalf appraisal rights are being asserted. The rights of a record shareholder who asserts appraisal rights for only part of the shares held of record in the record shareholder's name under this subsection shall be determined as if the shares as to which the record shareholder objects and the record shareholder's other shares were registered in the names of different record shareholders.
(b) A beneficial shareholder may assert appraisal rights as to shares of any class or series held on behalf of the shareholder only if such shareholder:
(1) submits to the corporation the record shareholder's written consent to the assertion of such rights no later than the date referred to in RSA 293-A:13.22(b)(2)(ii); and
(2) does so with respect to all shares of the class or series that are beneficially owned by the beneficial shareholder.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.20

    293-A:13.20 Notice of Appraisal Rights. –
(a) Where any corporate action specified in RSA 293-A:13.02(a) is to be submitted to a vote at a shareholders' meeting, the meeting notice must state that the corporation has concluded that the shareholders are, are not or may be entitled to assert appraisal rights under this subdivision. If the corporation concludes that appraisal rights are or may be available, a copy of this subdivision must accompany the meeting notice sent to those record shareholders entitled to exercise appraisal rights.
(b) In a merger pursuant to RSA 293-A:11.05, the parent corporation must notify in writing all record shareholders of the subsidiary who are entitled to assert appraisal rights that the corporate action became effective. Such notice must be sent within 10 days after the corporate action became effective and include the materials described in RSA 293-A:13.22.
(c) Where any corporate action specified in RSA 293-A:13.02(a) is to be approved by written consent of the shareholders pursuant to RSA 293-A:7.04:
(1) written notice that appraisal rights are, are not or may be available must be sent to each record shareholder from whom a consent is solicited at the time consent of such shareholder is first solicited and, if the corporation has concluded that appraisal rights are or may be available, must be accompanied by a copy of this subdivision; and
(2) written notice that appraisal rights are, are not or may be available must be delivered together with the notice to non-consenting and nonvoting shareholders required by RSA 293-A:7.04(e) and (f), may include the materials described in RSA 293-A:13.22 and, if the corporation has concluded that appraisal rights are or may be available, must be accompanied by a copy of this subdivision.
(d) Where corporate action described in RSA 293-A:13.02(a) is proposed, or a merger pursuant to RSA 293-A:11.05 is effected, the notice referred to in RSA 293-A:13.20(a) or (c), if the corporation concludes that appraisal rights are or may be available, and in RSA 293-A:13.20(b) shall be accompanied by:
(1) the annual financial statements specified in RSA 293-A:16.20(a) of the corporation that issued the shares that may be subject to appraisal, which shall be as of a date ending not more than 16 months before the date of the notice and shall comply with RSA 293-A:16.20(b); provided that, if such annual financial statements are not reasonably available, the corporation shall provide reasonably equivalent financial information; and
(2) the latest available quarterly financial statements of such corporation, if any.
(e) The right to receive the information described in RSA 293-A:13.20(d) may be waived in writing by a shareholder before or after the corporate action.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.21

    293-A:13.21 Notice of Intent to Demand Payment and Consequences of Voting or Consenting. –
(a) If a corporate action specified in RSA 293-A:13.02(a) is submitted to a vote at a shareholders' meeting, a shareholder who wishes to assert appraisal rights with respect to any class or series of shares:
(1) must deliver to the corporation, before the vote is taken, written notice of the shareholder's intent to demand payment if the proposed action is effectuated; and
(2) must not vote, or cause or permit to be voted, any shares of such class or series in favor of the proposed action.
(b) If a corporate action specified in RSA 293-A:13.02(a) is to be approved by less than unanimous written consent, a shareholder who wishes to assert appraisal rights with respect to any class or series of shares must not sign a consent in favor of the proposed action with respect to that class or series of shares.
(c) A shareholder who fails to satisfy the requirements of RSA 293-A:13.21(a) or (b) is not entitled to payment under this subdivision.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.22

    293-A:13.22 Appraisal Notice and Form. –
(a) If a corporate action requiring appraisal rights under RSA 293-A:13.02(a) becomes effective, the corporation must send a written appraisal notice and the form required by RSA 293-A:13.02(b)(1) to all shareholders who satisfy the requirements of RSA 293-A:13.21(a) or RSA 293-A:13.21(b). In the case of a merger under RSA 293-A:11.05, the parent must deliver an appraisal notice and form to all record shareholders who may be entitled to assert appraisal rights.
(b) The appraisal notice must be delivered no earlier than the date the corporate action specified in RSA 293-A:13.02(a) became effective, and no later than 10 days after such date, and must:
(1) supply a form that (i) specifies the first date of any announcement to shareholders made prior to the date the corporate action became effective of the principal terms of the proposed corporate action, and (ii) if such announcement was made, requires the shareholder asserting appraisal rights to certify whether beneficial ownership of those shares for which appraisal rights are asserted was acquired before that date, and (iii) requires the shareholder asserting appraisal rights to certify that such shareholder did not vote for or consent to the transaction;
(2) state:
(i) where the form must be sent and where certificates for certificated shares must be deposited and the date by which those certificates must be deposited, which date may not be earlier than the date for receiving the required form under RSA 293-A:13.22(b)(2)(ii);
(ii) a date by which the corporation must receive the form, which date may not be fewer than 40 nor more than 60 days after the date the RSA 293-A:13.22(a) appraisal notice is sent, and state that the shareholder shall have waived the right to demand appraisal with respect to the shares unless the form is received by the corporation by such specified date;
(iii) the corporation's estimate of the fair value of the shares;
(iv) that, if requested in writing, the corporation will provide, to the shareholder so requesting, within 10 days after the date specified in RSA 293-A:13.22(b)(2)(ii) the number of shareholders who return the forms by the specified date and the total number of shares owned by them; and
(v) the date by which the notice to withdraw under RSA 293-A:13.23 must be received, which date must be within 20 days after the date specified in RSA 293-A:13.22(b)(2)(ii); and
(3) be accompanied by a copy of this subdivision.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.23

    293-A:13.23 Perfection of Rights; Right to Withdraw. –
(a) A shareholder who receives notice pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.22 and who wishes to exercise appraisal rights must sign and return the form sent by the corporation and, in the case of certificated shares, deposit the shareholder's certificates in accordance with the terms of the notice by the date referred to in the notice pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.22(b)(2)(ii). In addition, if applicable, the shareholder must certify on the form whether the beneficial owner of such shares acquired beneficial ownership of the shares before the date required to be set forth in the notice pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.22(b)(1). If a shareholder fails to make this certification, the corporation may elect to treat the shareholder's shares as after-acquired shares under RSA 293-A:13.25. Once a shareholder deposits that shareholder's certificates or, in the case of uncertificated shares, returns the signed forms, that shareholder loses all rights as a shareholder, unless the shareholder withdraws pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.23(b).
(b) A shareholder who has complied with RSA 293-A:13.23(a) may nevertheless decline to exercise appraisal rights and withdraw from the appraisal process by so notifying the corporation in writing by the date set forth in the appraisal notice pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.22(b)(2)(v). A shareholder who fails to so withdraw from the appraisal process may not thereafter withdraw without the corporation's written consent.
(c) A shareholder who does not sign and return the form and, in the case of certificated shares, deposit that shareholder's share certificates where required, each by the date set forth in the notice described in RSA 293-A:13. 22(b), shall not be entitled to payment under this subdivision.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.24

    293-A:13.24 Payment. –
(a) Except as provided in RSA 293-A:13.25, within 30 days after the form required by RSA 293-A:13.22(b)(2)(ii) is due, the corporation shall pay in cash to those shareholders who complied with RSA 293-A:13.23(a) the amount the corporation estimates to be the fair value of their shares, plus interest.
(b) The payment to each shareholder pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.24(a) must be accompanied by:
(1)(i) the annual financial statements specified in RSA 293-A:16.20(a) of the corporation that issued the shares to be appraised, which shall be of a date ending not more than 16 months before the date of payment and shall comply with RSA 293-A:16.20(b); provided that, if such annual financial statements are not reasonably available, the corporation shall provide reasonably equivalent financial information, and (ii) the latest available quarterly financial statements of such corporation, if any;
(2) a statement of the corporation's estimate of the fair value of the shares, which estimate must equal or exceed the corporation's estimate given pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.22(b)(2)(iii);
(3) a statement that shareholders described in RSA 293-A:13.24(a) have the right to demand further payment under RSA 293-A:13.26 and that if any such shareholder does not do so within the time period specified therein, such shareholder shall be deemed to have accepted such payment in full satisfaction of the corporation's obligations under this subdivision.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.25

    293-A:13.25 After-Acquired Shares. –
(a) A corporation may elect to withhold payment required by RSA 293-A:13.24 from any shareholder who was required to, but did not certify that beneficial ownership of all of the shareholder's shares for which appraisal rights are asserted was acquired before the date set forth in the appraisal notice sent pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.22(b)(1).
(b) If the corporation elected to withhold payment under RSA 293-A:13.25(a), it must, within 30 days after the form required by RSA 293-A:13.22(b)(2)(ii) is due, notify all shareholders who are described in RSA 293-A:13.25(a):
(1) of the information required by RSA 293-A:13.24(b)(1);
(2) of the corporation's estimate of fair value pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.24(b)(2);
(3) that they may accept the corporation's estimate of fair value, plus interest, in full satisfaction of their demands or demand appraisal under RSA 293-A:13.26;
(4) that those shareholders who wish to accept such offer must so notify the corporation of their acceptance of the corporation's offer within 30 days after receiving the offer; and
(5) that those shareholders who do not satisfy the requirements for demanding appraisal under RSA 293-A:13.26 shall be deemed to have accepted the corporation's offer.
(c) Within 10 days after receiving the shareholder's acceptance pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.25(b), the corporation must pay in cash the amount it offered under RSA 293-A:13.25(b)(2) to each shareholder who agreed to accept the corporation's offer in full satisfaction of the shareholder's demand.
(d) Within 40 days after sending the notice described in RSA 293-A:13.25(b), the corporation must pay in cash the amount it offered to pay under RSA 293-A:13.25(b)(2) to each shareholder described in RSA 293-A:13.25(b)(5).

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.26

    293-A:13.26 Procedure if Shareholder Dissatisfied With Payment or Offer. –
(a) A shareholder paid pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.24 who is dissatisfied with the amount of the payment must notify the corporation in writing of that shareholder's estimate of the fair value of the shares and demand payment of that estimate plus interest (less any payment under RSA 293-A:13.24). A shareholder offered payment under RSA 293-A:13.25 who is dissatisfied with that offer must reject the offer and demand payment of the shareholder's stated estimate of the fair value of the shares plus interest.
(b) A shareholder who fails to notify the corporation in writing of that shareholder's demand to be paid the shareholder's stated estimate of the fair value plus interest under RSA 293-A:13.26(a) within 30 days after receiving the corporation's payment or offer of payment under RSA 293-A:13.24 or RSA 293-A:13.25, respectively, waives the right to demand payment under this section and shall be entitled only to the payment made or offered pursuant to those respective sections.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.30

    293-A:13.30 Court Action. –
(a) If a shareholder makes demand for payment under RSA 293-A:13.26 which remains unsettled, the corporation shall commence a proceeding within 60 days after receiving the payment demand and petition the court to determine the fair value of the shares and accrued interest. If the corporation does not commence the proceeding within the 60-day period, it shall pay in cash to each shareholder the amount the shareholder demanded pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.26 plus interest.
(b) The corporation shall commence the proceeding in the appropriate court of the county where the corporation's principal office (or, if none, its registered office) in this state is located. If the corporation is a foreign corporation without a registered office in this state, it shall commence the proceeding in the county in this state where the principal office or registered office of the domestic corporation merged with the foreign corporation was located at the time of the transaction.
(c) The corporation shall make all shareholders (whether or not residents of this state) whose demands remain unsettled parties to the proceeding as in an action against their shares, and all parties must be served with a copy of the petition. Nonresidents may be served by registered or certified mail or by publication as provided by law.
(d) The jurisdiction of the court in which the proceeding is commenced under RSA 293-A:13.30(b) is plenary and exclusive. The court may appoint one or more persons as appraisers to receive evidence and recommend a decision on the question of fair value. The appraisers shall have the powers described in the order appointing them, or in any amendment to it. The shareholders demanding appraisal rights are entitled to the same discovery rights as parties in other civil proceedings. There shall be no right to a jury trial.
(e) Each shareholder made a party to the proceeding is entitled to judgment (i) for the amount, if any, by which the court finds the fair value of the shareholder's shares, plus interest, exceeds the amount paid by the corporation to the shareholder for such shares or (ii) for the fair value, plus interest, of the shareholder's shares for which the corporation elected to withhold payment under RSA 293-A:13.25.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.31

    293-A:13.31 Court Costs and Expenses. –
(a) The court in an appraisal proceeding commenced under RSA 293-A:13.30 shall determine all court costs of the proceeding, including the reasonable compensation and expenses of appraisers appointed by the court. The court shall assess the court costs against the corporation, except that the court may assess court costs against all or some of the shareholders demanding appraisal, in amounts which the court finds equitable, to the extent the court finds such shareholders acted arbitrarily, vexatiously, or not in good faith with respect to the rights provided by this subdivision.
(b) The court in an appraisal proceeding may also assess the expenses of the respective parties in amounts the court finds equitable:
(1) against the corporation and in favor of any or all shareholders demanding appraisal if the court finds the corporation did not substantially comply with the requirements of RSA 293-A:13.20, RSA 293-A:13.22, RSA 293-A:13.24, or RSA 293-A:13.25; or
(2) against either the corporation or a shareholder demanding appraisal, in favor of any other party, if the court finds the party against whom expenses are assessed acted arbitrarily, vexatiously, or not in good faith with respect to the rights provided by this subdivision.
(c) If the court in an appraisal proceeding finds that the expenses incurred by any shareholder were of substantial benefit to other shareholders similarly situated and that such expenses should not be assessed against the corporation, the court may direct that such expenses be paid out of the amounts awarded the shareholders who were benefited.
(d) To the extent the corporation fails to make a required payment pursuant to RSA 293-A:13.24, RSA 293-A:13.25, or RSA 293-A:13.26, the shareholder may sue directly for the amount owed, and to the extent successful, shall be entitled to recover from the corporation all expenses of the suit.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:13.40

    293-A:13.40 Other Remedies Limited. –
(a) The legality of a proposed or completed corporate action described in RSA 293-A:13.02(a) may not be contested, nor may the corporate action be enjoined, set aside or rescinded, in a legal or equitable proceeding by a shareholder after the shareholders have approved the corporate action.
(b) RSA 293-A:13.40(a) does not apply to a corporate action that:
(1) was not authorized and approved in accordance with the applicable provisions of:
(i) subdivisions 9, 10, 11, or 12 of RSA 293-A,
(ii) the articles of incorporation or bylaws, or
(iii) the resolution of the board of directors authorizing the corporate action;
(2) was procured as a result of fraud, a material misrepresentation, or an omission of a material fact necessary to make statements made, in light of the circumstances in which they were made, not misleading;
(3) is an interested transaction, unless it has been recommended by the board of directors in the same manner as is provided in RSA 293-A:8.62 and has been approved by the shareholders in the same manner as is provided in RSA 293-A:8.63 as if the interested transaction were a director's conflicting interest transaction; or
(4) is approved by less than unanimous consent of the voting shareholders pursuant to RSA 293-A:7.04 if:
(i) the challenge to the corporate action is brought by a shareholder who did not consent and as to whom notice of the approval of the corporate action was not effective at least 10 days before the corporate action was effected; and
(ii) the proceeding challenging the corporate action is commenced within 10 days after notice of the approval of the corporate action is effective as to the shareholder bringing the proceeding.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Dissolution

Section 293-A:14.01

    293-A:14.01 Dissolution by Incorporators or Initial Directors. –
(a) A majority of the incorporators or initial directors of a corporation that has not issued shares or has not commenced business may dissolve the corporation by delivering to the secretary of state for filing articles of dissolution that set forth:
(1) the name of the corporation;
(2) the date of its incorporation;
(3) either (i) that none of the corporation's shares has been issued or (ii) that the corporation has not commenced business;
(4) that no debt of the corporation remains unpaid;
(5) that the net assets of the corporation remaining after winding up have been distributed to the shareholders, if shares were issued; and
(6) that a majority of the incorporators or initial directors authorized the dissolution.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.02

    293-A:14.02 Dissolution by Board of Directors and Shareholders. –
(a) A corporation's board of directors may propose dissolution for submission to the shareholders.
(b) For a proposal to dissolve to be adopted:
(1) The board of directors must recommend dissolution to the shareholders unless (i) the board of directors determines that because of conflict of interest or other special circumstances it should make no recommendation or (ii) RSA 293-A:8.26 applies. If (i) or (ii) applies, it must communicate to the shareholders the basis for so proceeding; and
(2) The shareholders entitled to vote must approve the proposal to dissolve as provided in RSA 293-A:14.02(b)(5).
(3) The board of directors may condition its submission of the proposal for dissolution on any basis.
(4) The corporation shall notify each shareholder, whether or not entitled to vote, of the proposed shareholders' meeting. The notice must also state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is to consider dissolving the corporation.
(5) Unless the articles of incorporation or the board of directors acting pursuant to RSA 293-A:14.02(b)(3) require a greater vote, a greater number of shares to be present, or a vote by voting groups, adoption of the proposal to dissolve shall require the approval of the shareholders at a meeting at which a quorum consisting of at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast exists.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.03

    293-A:14.03 Articles of Dissolution. –
(a) At any time after dissolution is authorized, the corporation may dissolve by delivering to the secretary of state for filing articles of dissolution setting forth:
(1) the name of the corporation;
(2) the date dissolution was authorized;
(3) if dissolution was approved by the shareholders, a statement that the proposal to dissolve was duly approved by the shareholders in the manner required by this chapter and by the articles of incorporation; and
(4) a certificate of mailing of a copy of the articles of dissolution to the department of revenue.
(b) A corporation is dissolved upon the effective date of its articles of dissolution, as specified therein.
(c) For purposes of this subdivision, "dissolved corporation" means a corporation whose articles of dissolution have become effective and includes a successor entity to which the remaining assets of the corporation are transferred subject to its liabilities for purposes of liquidation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.04

    293-A:14.04 Revocation of Dissolution. –
(a) A corporation may revoke its dissolution within 120 days of its effective date.
(b) Revocation of dissolution must be authorized in the same manner as the dissolution was authorized unless that authorization permitted revocation by action of the board of directors alone, in which event the board of directors may revoke the dissolution without shareholder action.
(c) After the revocation of dissolution is authorized, the corporation may revoke the dissolution by delivering to the secretary of state for filing articles of revocation of dissolution, together with a copy of its articles of dissolution, that set forth:
(1) the name of the corporation;
(2) the effective date of the dissolution that was revoked;
(3) the date that the revocation of dissolution was authorized;
(4) if the corporation's board of directors (or incorporators) revoked the dissolution, a statement to that effect;
(5) if the corporation's board of directors revoked a dissolution authorized by the shareholders, a statement that revocation was permitted by action by the board of directors alone pursuant to that authorization; and
(6) if shareholder action was required to revoke the dissolution, the information required by RSA 293-A:14.03(a)(3).
(d) Revocation of dissolution is effective upon the effective date of the articles of revocation of dissolution.
(e) When the revocation of dissolution is effective, it relates back to and takes effect as of the effective date of the dissolution and the corporation resumes carrying on its business as if dissolution had never occurred.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.05

    293-A:14.05 Effect of Dissolution. –
(a) A dissolved corporation continues its corporate existence but may not carry on any business except that appropriate to wind up and liquidate its business and affairs, including:
(1) collecting its assets;
(2) disposing of its properties that will not be distributed in kind to its shareholders;
(3) discharging or making provision for discharging its liabilities;
(4) distributing its remaining property among its shareholders according to their interests; and
(5) doing every other act necessary to wind up and liquidate its business and affairs.
(b) Prior to making any distributions of its remaining property among its shareholders according to their interests, the corporation shall first obtain a certificate of dissolution from the department of revenue administration in accordance with RSA 77-A:18 and RSA 77-E:12.
(c) Dissolution of a corporation does not:
(1) transfer title to the corporation's property;
(2) prevent transfer of its shares or securities, although the authorization to dissolve may provide for closing the corporation's share transfer records;
(3) subject its directors or officers to standards of conduct different from those prescribed in RSA 293-A:8.01 through RSA 293-A:8.70;
(4) change quorum or voting requirements for its board of directors or shareholders; change provisions for selection, resignation, or removal of its directors or officers or both; or change provisions for amending its bylaws;
(5) prevent commencement of a proceeding by or against the corporation in its corporate name;
(6) abate or suspend a proceeding pending by or against the corporation on the effective date of dissolution; or
(7) terminate the authority of the registered agent of the corporation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.06

    293-A:14.06 Known Claims Against Dissolved Corporation. –
(a) A dissolved corporation may dispose of the known claims against it by notifying its known claimants in writing of the dissolution at any time after its effective date.
(b) The written notice must:
(1) describe information that must be included in a claim;
(2) provide a mailing address where a claim may be sent;
(3) state the deadline, which may not be fewer than 120 days from the effective date of the written notice, by which the dissolved corporation must receive the claim; and
(4) state that the claim will be barred if not received by the deadline.
(c) A claim against the dissolved corporation is barred:
(1) if a claimant who was given written notice under RSA 293-A:14.06(b) does not deliver the claim to the dissolved corporation by the deadline; or
(2) if a claimant whose claim was rejected by the dissolved corporation does not commence a proceeding to enforce the claim within 90 days from the effective date of the rejection notice.
(d) For purposes of this section, "claim" does not include a contingent liability or a claim based on an event occurring after the effective date of dissolution.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.07

    293-A:14.07 Other Claims Against Dissolved Corporation. –
(a) A dissolved corporation may also publish notice of its dissolution and request that persons with claims against the dissolved corporation present them in accordance with the notice.
(b) The notice must:
(1) be published one time in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the dissolved corporation's principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is or was last located;
(2) describe the information that must be included in a claim and provide a mailing address where the claim may be sent; and
(3) state that a claim against the dissolved corporation will be barred unless a proceeding to enforce the claim is commenced within 3 years after the publication of the notice.
(c) If the dissolved corporation publishes a newspaper notice in accordance with RSA 293-A:14.07(b), the claim of each of the following claimants is barred unless the claimant commences a proceeding to enforce the claim against the dissolved corporation within 3 years after the publication date of the newspaper notice:
(1) a claimant who was not given written notice under RSA 293-A:14.06;
(2) a claimant whose claim was timely sent to the dissolved corporation but not acted on;
(3) a claimant whose claim is contingent or based on an event occurring after the effective date of dissolution.
(d) A claim that is not barred by RSA 293-A:14.06(b) or RSA 293-A:14.07(c) may be enforced:
(1) against the dissolved corporation, to the extent of its undistributed assets; or
(2) except as provided in RSA 293-A:14.08(d), if the assets have been distributed in liquidation, against a shareholder of the dissolved corporation to the extent of the shareholder's pro rata share of the claim or the corporate assets distributed to the shareholder in liquidation, whichever is less, but a shareholder's total liability for all claims under this section may not exceed the total amount of assets distributed to the shareholder.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.08

    293-A:14.08 Court Proceedings. –
(a) A dissolved corporation that has published a notice under RSA 293-A:14.07 may file an application with the superior court of the county where the dissolved corporation's principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is located for a determination of the amount and form of security to be provided for payment of claims that are contingent or have not been made known to the dissolved corporation or that are based on an event occurring after the effective date of dissolution but that, based on the facts known to the dissolved corporation, are reasonably estimated to arise after the effective date of dissolution. Provision need not be made for any claim that is or is reasonably anticipated to be barred under RSA 293-A:14.07(c).
(b) Within 10 days after the filing of the application, notice of the proceeding shall be given by the dissolved corporation to each claimant holding a contingent claim whose contingent claim is shown on the records of the dissolved corporation.
(c) The court may appoint a guardian ad litem to represent all claimants whose identities are unknown in any proceeding brought under this section. The reasonable fees and expenses of such guardian, including all reasonable expert witness fees, shall be paid by the dissolved corporation.
(d) Provision by the dissolved corporation for security in the amount and the form ordered by the court under RSA 293-A:14.08(a) shall satisfy the dissolved corporation's obligations with respect to claims that are contingent, have not been made known to the dissolved corporation or are based on an event occurring after the effective date of dissolution, and such claims may not be enforced against a shareholder who received assets in liquidation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.09

    293-A:14.09 Director Duties. –
(a) Directors shall cause the dissolved corporation to discharge or make reasonable provision for the payment of claims and make distributions of assets to shareholders after payment or provision for claims.
(b) Directors of a dissolved corporation which has disposed of claims under RSA 293-A:14.06, RSA 293-A:14.07, or RSA 293-A:14.08 shall not be liable for breach of RSA 293-A:14.09(a) with respect to claims against the dissolved corporation that are barred or satisfied under RSA 293-A:14.06, RSA 293-A:14.07, or RSA 293-A:14.08.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.20

    293-A:14.20 Grounds for Administrative Dissolution. –
(a) The secretary of state may commence a proceeding under RSA 293-A:14.21 to administratively dissolve a corporation if:
(1) the corporation does not pay any annual fees or penalties imposed by this chapter or other law for 12 months after they are due;
(2) the corporation does not deliver its annual report to the secretary of state for 12 months after it is due;
(3) the corporation is without a registered agent or registered office in this state for 60 days or more;
(4) the corporation does not notify the secretary of state within 60 days that its registered agent or registered office has been changed, that its registered agent has resigned, or that its registered office has been discontinued;
(5) the corporation's period of duration stated in its articles of incorporation expires; or
(6) the corporation or any individual acting on its behalf files any document with the secretary of state that, either alone or in conjunction with any other document, constitutes a knowing violation of applicable statutes.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.21

    293-A:14.21 Procedure for and Effect of Administrative Dissolution. –
(a) If the secretary of state determines that one or more grounds exist under RSA 293-A:14.20 for dissolving a corporation, the secretary of state shall notify the corporation in writing of such determination and shall mail such notice to the corporation at its principal address as listed in the records of the secretary of state.
(b) If the corporation does not correct each ground for dissolution or demonstrate to the reasonable satisfaction of the secretary of state that each ground determined by the secretary of state does not exist within 60 days after notification, the secretary of state shall administratively dissolve the corporation by mailing a notice of dissolution to the corporation at its principal address as listed in the records of the secretary of state, together with an application for reinstatement. Such notice shall recite the grounds for dissolution and the effective date thereof.
(c) A corporation administratively dissolved continues its corporate existence but may not carry on any business except that necessary to wind up and liquidate its business and affairs under RSA 293-A:14.05 and notify claimants under RSA 293-A:14.06 and RSA 293-A:14.07.
(d) The administrative dissolution of a corporation does not terminate the authority of its registered agent.
(e) The secretary of state shall not permit any other individual, corporation, or other business entity to assume the same name or a similar name, of a corporation administratively dissolved under this section, or any trade name registered by such corporation pursuant to RSA 349, for a period of 120 days following the notice of administrative dissolution without the written consent of such corporation.
(f) In connection with the issuance of a notice of dissolution by the secretary of state under RSA 293-A:14.21(a) on grounds set forth in RSA 293-A:14.20(a)(6), a hearing shall be set for 10 business days after the issuance of the notice of dissolution. All hearings shall be conducted in accordance with RSA 421-B:6-613. If the person whom the notice is issued fails to appear for the hearing, then such person shall be deemed in default, and the dissolution shall become final.
(g) Unless an order is final pursuant to RSA 293-A:14.21(f), any administrative dissolution by the secretary of state on grounds set forth in RSA 293-A:14.20(a)(6) may be appealed to the superior court of the county where the corporation's principal office, or, if none in this state, its registered office, is located or the business and commercial dispute docket of the superior court, which court shall be deemed to have jurisdiction to hear such matter and to which the corporation and the secretary of state shall be deemed to have consented. Any appeal under this section shall not affect any rights of the corporation under RSA 293-A:14.22, RSA 293-A:14.22-a, or RSA 293-A:14.23.

Source. 2013, 142:1. 2015, 273:8, eff. Jan. 1, 2016.

Section 293-A:14.22

    293-A:14.22 Reinstatement Following Administrative Dissolution. –
(a) A corporation administratively dissolved under RSA 293-A:14.21 may apply to the secretary of state for reinstatement within 3 years after the effective date of dissolution. The application must:
(1) recite the name of the corporation and the effective date of its administrative dissolution;
(2) state that the ground or grounds for dissolution either did not exist or have been eliminated;
(3) state that the corporation's name satisfies the requirements of RSA 293-A:4.01; and
(4) contain a certificate from the department of revenue administration in accordance with RSA 77-A:18, III, and RSA 77-E:12, III, if such application is received by the secretary of state more than 120 days after the notice of administrative dissolution is mailed.
(b) If the secretary of state determines that the application contains the information required by RSA 293-A:14.22(a) and that the information is correct, that the corporation name is available for registration and that it is accompanied by the fee required by RSA 291-A:1.22(a)(7), the secretary of state shall cancel the certificate of dissolution and prepare a certificate of reinstatement that recites such determination and the effective date of reinstatement, file the original of the certificate, and serve a copy on the corporation under RSA 293-A:5.04. If the application for reinstatement included a change of name of the corporation, such certificate of reinstatement shall set forth the change of name of the corporation, and such certificate shall constitute an amendment to the articles of incorporation.
(c) When the reinstatement is effective, it relates back to and takes effect as of the effective date of the administrative dissolution and the corporation resumes carrying on its business as if the administrative dissolution had never occurred.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.22-a

    293-A:14.22-a Late Reinstatement. –
(a) A corporation administratively dissolved under RSA 293-A:14.21 may apply to the secretary of state for late reinstatement if more than 3 years have expired since the effective date of dissolution upon a showing by the corporation's acting or former directors or officers that such late reinstatement will materially benefit one or more of the corporation's legal constituents and will not operate as a fraud upon the public. The application shall:
(1) Recite the name of the corporation and the effective date of its administrative dissolution;
(2) State that the ground or grounds for dissolution either did not exist or have been eliminated;
(3) State that the corporation's name or proposed name satisfies the requirements of RSA 293-A:4.01;
(4) Contain a certificate from the New Hampshire department of revenue administration in accordance with RSA 77-A:18, III, and RSA 77-E:12, III;
(5) Contain a statement asserting that no lawsuits are pending against the corporation;
(6) Contain a statement explaining the reason that reinstatement is being requested;
(7) Include all of the annual report fees, if any, for each year since the date of dissolution; and
(8) Contain a statement from the commissioner of the department of employment security showing that to the best of the commissioner's knowledge, as of the date of the statement, such corporation has paid all of its contributions or that it was not liable for any contributions, or that it has made adequate provisions, with such surety as shall be satisfactory to the future payment of any contributions.
(b) Notice of the late reinstatement shall be published one time in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the dissolved corporation's principal office, or, if none in this state, its registered office, is or was last located or the secretary of state's Internet website. The notice shall:
(1) Indicate that all interested parties are encouraged to submit comments.
(2) Include the mailing address of the secretary of state.
(c) If the secretary of state determines that the information submitted in the application for late reinstatement is correct, that the corporation has made the showing required under RSA 293-A:14.22-a(a), that it is accompanied by the fee required under RSA 293-A:1.22(a)(12), and that the corporation should be reinstated, the secretary of state shall cancel the notice of dissolution and prepare a notice of reinstatement that recites the determination and the effective date of reinstatement and mail said notice to the corporation.
(d) If the application for reinstatement included a change of name of the corporation, the notice shall set forth the change of name of the corporation and the fee required pursuant to RSA 293-A:1.22(a)(2), and the notice shall constitute an amendment to the articles of incorporation. If the application for reinstatement included a change of the registered agent, the notice shall set forth the name of the new registered agent and the fee required pursuant to RSA 293-A:1.22(b)(5).
(e) When the reinstatement is effective, it relates back to and takes effect as of the effective date of the administrative dissolution and the corporation resumes carrying on its business as if the administrative dissolution had never occurred.
(f) [Repealed.]
(g) [Repealed.]

Source. 2013, 142:1. 2015, 273:9, eff. Jan. 1, 2016. 2017, 171:1, eff. Aug. 27, 2017.

Section 293-A:14.23

    293-A:14.23 Appeal From Denial of Reinstatement. –
(a) If the secretary of state denies a corporation's application for reinstatement following administrative dissolution, the secretary of state shall notify the corporation in writing of such denial. Such notice shall set forth the reason or reasons for denial and shall be mailed to the corporation at its principal address as listed in the records of the secretary of state.
(b) The corporation may appeal the denial of reinstatement to the superior court of the county in which its principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is located within 30 days after notification of denial. The corporation shall appeal by petitioning the court to set aside the dissolution and attaching to the petition copies of the secretary of state's certificate of dissolution, the corporation's application for reinstatement, and the secretary of state's notice of denial.
(c) The court may summarily order the secretary of state to reinstate the dissolved corporation or may take other action the court considers appropriate.
(d) The court's final decision may be appealed as in other civil proceedings.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.30

    293-A:14.30 Grounds for Judicial Dissolution. –
(a) The superior court for the county in which its principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is located may dissolve a corporation:
(1) in a proceeding by the attorney general if it is established that:
(i) the corporation obtained its articles of incorporation through fraud; or
(ii) the corporation has continued to exceed or abuse the authority conferred upon it by law;
(2) in a proceeding by a shareholder if it is established that:
(i) the directors are deadlocked in the management of the corporate affairs, the shareholders are unable to break the deadlock, and irreparable injury to the corporation is threatened or being suffered, or the business and affairs of the corporation can no longer be conducted to the advantage of the shareholders generally, because of the deadlock;
(ii) the directors or those in control of the corporation have acted, are acting, or will act in a manner that is illegal or fraudulent;
(iii) the shareholders are deadlocked in voting power and have failed, for a period that includes at least 2 consecutive annual meeting dates, to elect successors to directors whose terms have expired;
(iv) the corporate assets are being misapplied or wasted; or
(v) an agreement under the provisions of RSA 293-A:7.32(a)(7) binding on all of the shareholders so provides.
(3) in a proceeding by a creditor if it is established that:
(i) the creditor's claim has been reduced to judgment, the execution on the judgment returned unsatisfied, and the corporation is insolvent; or
(ii) the corporation has admitted in writing that the creditor's claim is due and owing and the corporation is insolvent; or
(4) in a proceeding by the corporation to have its voluntary dissolution continued under court supervision.
(5) in a proceeding by a shareholder if the corporation has abandoned its business and has failed within a reasonable time to liquidate and distribute its assets and dissolve.
(b) RSA 293-A:14.30(a)(2) shall not apply in the case of a corporation that, on the date of the filing of the proceeding, has shares which are:
(1) listed on the New York Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange, or on any exchange owned or operated by the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC, or listed or quoted on a system owned or operated by the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc.; or
(2) not so listed or quoted, but are held by at least 300 shareholders and the shares outstanding have a market value of at least $20 million (exclusive of the value of such shares held by the corporation's subsidiaries, senior executives, directors and beneficial shareholders owning more than 10 percent of such shares).
(c) In this section, "beneficial shareholder" has the meaning specified in RSA 293-A:13.01(2).

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.31

    293-A:14.31 Procedure for Judicial Dissolution. –
(a) Venue for a proceeding by the attorney general to dissolve a corporation lies in Merrimack county. Venue for a proceeding brought by any other party named in RSA 293-A:14.30(a) lies in the county where a corporation's principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is or was last located.
(b) It is not necessary to make shareholders parties to a proceeding to dissolve a corporation unless relief is sought against them individually.
(c) A court in a proceeding brought to dissolve a corporation may issue injunctions, appoint a receiver or custodian pendente lite with all powers and duties the court directs, take other action required to preserve the corporate assets wherever located, and carry on the business of the corporation until a full hearing can be held.
(d) Within 10 days of the commencement of a proceeding to dissolve a corporation under RSA 293-A:14.30(a)(2), the corporation must send to all shareholders, other than the petitioner, a notice stating that the shareholders are entitled to avoid the dissolution of the corporation by electing to purchase the petitioner's shares under RSA 293-A:14.34 and accompanied by a copy of RSA 293-A:14.34.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.32

    293-A:14.32 Receivership or Custodianship. –
(a) Unless an election to purchase has been filed under RSA 293-A:14.34, a court in a judicial proceeding brought to dissolve a corporation may appoint one or more receivers to wind up and liquidate, or one or more custodians to manage, the business and affairs of the corporation. The court shall hold a hearing, after notifying all parties to the proceeding and any interested persons designated by the court, before appointing a receiver or custodian. The court appointing a receiver or custodian has jurisdiction over the corporation and all of its property wherever located.
(b) The court may appoint an individual or a domestic or foreign corporation (authorized to transact business in this state) as a receiver or custodian. The court may require the receiver or custodian to post bond, with or without sureties, in an amount the court directs.
(c) The court shall describe the powers and duties of the receiver or custodian in its appointing order, which may be amended from time to time. Among other powers:
(1) the receiver (i) may dispose of all or any part of the assets of the corporation wherever located, at a public or private sale, if authorized by the court; and (ii) may sue and defend in his or her own name as receiver of the corporation in all courts of this state;
(2) the custodian may exercise all of the powers of the corporation, through or in place of its board of directors, to the extent necessary to manage the affairs of the corporation in the best interests of its shareholders and creditors.
(d) The court during a receivership may redesignate the receiver a custodian, and during a custodianship may redesignate the custodian a receiver, if doing so is in the best interests of the corporation, its shareholders, and creditors.
(e) The court from time to time during the receivership or custodianship may order compensation paid and expenses paid or reimbursed to the receiver or custodian from the assets of the corporation or proceeds from the sale of the assets.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.33

    293-A:14.33 Decree of Dissolution. –
(a) If after a hearing the court determines that one or more grounds for judicial dissolution described in RSA 293-A:14.30 exist, it may enter a decree dissolving the corporation and specifying the effective date of the dissolution, and the clerk of the court shall deliver a certified copy of the decree to the secretary of state, who shall file it and at the same time shall mail notice of such decree to the department of revenue administration.
(b) After entering the decree of dissolution, the court shall direct the winding up and liquidation of the corporation's business and affairs in accordance with RSA 293-A:14.05 and the notification of claimants in accordance with RSA 293-A:14.06 and RSA 293-A:14.07.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:14.34

    293-A:14.34 Election to Purchase in Lieu of Dissolution. –
(a) In a proceeding under RSA 293-A:14.30(a)(2) to dissolve a corporation, the corporation may elect or, if it fails to elect, one or more shareholders may elect to purchase all shares owned by the petitioning shareholder at the fair value of the shares. An election pursuant to this section shall be irrevocable unless the court determines that it is equitable to set aside or modify the election.
(b) An election to purchase pursuant to this section may be filed with the court at any time within 90 days after the filing of the petition under RSA 293-A:14.30(a)(2) or at such later time as the court in its discretion may allow. If the election to purchase is filed by one or more shareholders, the corporation shall, within 10 days thereafter, give written notice to all shareholders, other than the petitioner. The notice must state the name and number of shares owned by the petitioner and the name and number of shares owned by each electing shareholder and must advise the recipients of their right to join in the election to purchase shares in accordance with this section. Shareholders who wish to participate must file notice of their intention to join in the purchase no later than 30 days after the effective date of the notice to them. All shareholders who have filed an election or notice of their intention to participate in the election to purchase thereby become parties to the proceeding and shall participate in the purchase in proportion to their ownership of shares as of the date the first election was filed, unless they otherwise agree or the court otherwise directs. After an election has been filed by the corporation or one or more shareholders, the proceeding under RSA 293-A:14.30(a)(2) may not be discontinued or settled, nor may the petitioning shareholder sell or otherwise dispose of his or her shares, unless the court determines that it would be equitable to the corporation and the shareholders, other than the petitioner, to permit such discontinuance, settlement, sale, or other disposition.
(c) If, within 60 days of the filing of the first election, the parties reach agreement as to the fair value and terms of purchase of the petitioner's shares, the court shall enter an order directing the purchase of petitioner's shares upon the terms and conditions agreed to by the parties.
(d) If the parties are unable to reach an agreement as provided for in RSA 293-A:14.34(c), the court, upon application of any party, shall stay the RSA 293-A:14.30(a)(2) proceedings and determine the fair value of the petitioner's shares as of the day before the date on which the petition under RSA 293-A:14.30(a)(2) was filed or as of such other date as the court deems appropriate under the circumstances.
(e) Upon determining the fair value of the shares, the court shall enter an order directing the purchase upon such terms and conditions as the court deems appropriate, which may include payment of the purchase price in installments, where necessary in the interests of equity, provision for security to assure payment of the purchase price and any additional costs, fees and expenses as may have been awarded, and, if the shares are to be purchased by shareholders, the allocation of shares among them. In allocating petitioner's shares among holders of different classes of shares, the court should attempt to preserve the existing distribution of voting rights among holders of different classes insofar as practicable and may direct that holders of a specific class or classes shall not participate in the purchase. Interest may be allowed at the rate and from the date determined by the court to be equitable, but if the court finds that the refusal of the petitioning shareholder to accept an offer of payment was arbitrary or otherwise not in good faith, no interest shall be allowed. If the court finds that the petitioning shareholder had probable grounds for relief under subparagraphs (ii) or (iv) of RSA 293-A:14.30(a)(2), it may award costs, fees and expenses to the petitioning shareholder.
(f) Upon entry of an order under RSA 293-A:14.34(c) or (e), the court shall dismiss the petition to dissolve the corporation under RSA 293-A:14.30(a)(2), and the petitioning shareholder shall no longer have any rights or status as a shareholder of the corporation, except the right to receive the amounts awarded by the order of the court which shall be enforceable in the same manner as any other judgment.
(g) The purchase ordered pursuant to RSA 293-A:14.34(e) shall be made within 10 days after the date the order becomes final unless before that time the corporation files with the court a notice of its intention to adopt articles of dissolution pursuant to RSA 293-A:14.02 and RSA 293-A:14.03, which articles must then be adopted and filed within 50 days thereafter. Upon filing of such articles of dissolution, the corporation shall be dissolved in accordance with the provisions of RSA 293-A:14.05 through RSA 293-A:14.07, and the order entered pursuant to RSA 293-A:14.34(e) shall no longer be of any force or effect, except that the court may award the petitioning shareholder costs, fees and expenses in accordance with the provisions of the last sentence of RSA 293-A:14.34(e) and the petitioner may continue to pursue any claims previously asserted on behalf of the corporation.
(h) Any payment by the corporation pursuant to an order under RSA 293-A:14.34(c) or (e), other than an award of costs, fees and expenses pursuant to RSA 293-A:14.34(e), is subject to the provisions of RSA 293-A:6.40.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Foreign Corporations

Section 293-A:15.01

    293-A:15.01 Authority to Transact Business Required. –
(a) A foreign corporation may not transact business in this state until it obtains a certificate of authority from the secretary of state.
(b) The following activities, among others, do not constitute transacting business within the meaning of RSA 293-A:15.01(a):
(1) maintaining, defending, or settling any proceeding;
(2) holding meetings of the board of directors or shareholders or carrying on other activities concerning internal corporate affairs;
(3) maintaining bank accounts;
(4) maintaining offices or agencies for the transfer, exchange, and registration of the corporation's own securities or maintaining trustees or depositaries with respect to those securities;
(5) selling through independent contractors;
(6) soliciting or obtaining orders, whether by mail or through employees or agents or otherwise, if the orders require acceptance outside this state before they become contracts;
(7) creating or acquiring indebtedness, mortgages, and security interests in real or personal property;
(8) securing or collecting debts or enforcing mortgages and security interests in property securing the debts;
(9) owning, without more, real or personal property;
(10) conducting an isolated transaction that is completed within 30 days and that is not one in the course of repeated transactions of a like nature; or
(11) transacting business in interstate commerce.
(c) The list of activities in RSA 293-A:15.01(b) is not exhaustive.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed so as to preclude a determination that a foreign corporation is carrying on business activity within this state within the meaning of RSA 77-A:1, XII.
(e) Any so-called Massachusetts trust or business trust established by law of any other state, desiring to do business in this state, shall be deemed to be a foreign corporation and shall be required to register under and comply with the provisions of this subdivision.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.02

    293-A:15.02 Consequences of Transacting Business Without Authority. –
(a) A foreign corporation transacting business in this state without a certificate of authority may not maintain a proceeding in any court in this state until it obtains a certificate of authority.
(b) The successor to a foreign corporation that transacted business in this state without a certificate of authority and the assignee of a cause of action arising out of that business may not maintain a proceeding based on that cause of action in any court in this state until the foreign corporation or its successor obtains a certificate of authority.
(c) A court may stay a proceeding commenced by a foreign corporation, its successor, or assignee until it determines whether the foreign corporation or its successor requires a certificate of authority. If it so determines, the court may further stay the proceeding until the foreign corporation or its successor obtains the certificate.
(d) A foreign corporation which transacts business in this state without a certificate of authority shall be liable to this state, for the years or parts of any years during which it transacted business in this state without a certificate of authority, in an amount equal to all fees which would have been imposed by this subdivision upon the corporation had it duly applied for and received a certificate of authority to transact business in this state as required by this subdivision and thereafter filed all required reports. The corporation shall also be liable for any penalties imposed by this subdivision for failure to pay such fees. The attorney general shall bring proceedings to recover all amounts due under the provisions of this section.
(e) Notwithstanding RSA 293-A:15.02(a) and (b), the failure of a foreign corporation to obtain a certificate of authority does not impair the validity of its corporate acts or prevent it from defending any proceeding in this state.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.03

    293-A:15.03 Application for Certificate of Authority. –
(a) A foreign corporation may apply for a certificate of authority to transact business in this state by delivering an application to the secretary of state for filing. The application must set forth:
(1) the name of the foreign corporation or, if its name is unavailable for use in this state, a corporate name that satisfies the requirements of RSA 293-A:15.06;
(2) the name of the state or country under whose law it is incorporated;
(3) its date of incorporation and period of duration;
(4) the street address of its principal office;
(5) the address of its registered office in this state and the name of its registered agent at that office; and
(6) the names and usual business addresses of its current directors and officers.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.04

    293-A:15.04 Amended Certificate of Authority. –
(a) A foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state must obtain an amended certificate of authority from the secretary of state if it changes:
(1) its corporate name;
(2) the period of its duration; or
(3) the state or country of its incorporation.
(b) The requirements of RSA 293-A:15.03 for obtaining an original certificate of authority apply to obtaining an amended certificate under this section.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.05

    293-A:15.05 Effect of Certificate of Authority. –
(a) A certificate of authority authorizes the foreign corporation to which it is issued to transact business in this state subject, however, to the right of the state to revoke the certificate as provided in this chapter.
(b) A foreign corporation with a valid certificate of authority has the same but no greater rights and has the same but no greater privileges as, and except as otherwise provided by this chapter is subject to the same duties, restrictions, penalties, and liabilities now or later imposed on, a domestic corporation of like character.
(c) This chapter does not authorize this state to regulate the organization or internal affairs of a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.06

    293-A:15.06 Corporate Name of Foreign Corporation. –
(a) If the corporate name of a foreign corporation does not satisfy the requirements of RSA 293-A:4.01, the foreign corporation to obtain or maintain a certificate of authority to transact business in this state:
(1) may add the word "corporation," "incorporated," or "limited," or the abbreviation "corp.," "inc.," or "ltd." to its corporate name for use in this state; or
(2) may use an available fictitious name to transact business in this state if its real name is unavailable and it delivers to the secretary of state for filing a copy of the resolution of its board of directors, certified by its secretary, adopting the fictitious name.
(b) If a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state changes its corporate name to one that does not satisfy the requirements of RSA 293-A:4.01, it may not transact business in this state under the changed name until it adopts a name satisfying the requirements of subsection (a) and obtains an amended certificate of authority under RSA 293-A:15.04.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.07

    293-A:15.07 Registered Office and Registered Agent of Foreign Corporation. –
(a) Each foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state shall continuously maintain in this state:
(1) a registered office that may be the same as any of its places of business; and
(2) a registered agent, who may be:
(i) an individual who resides in this state and whose business office is identical with the registered office;
(ii) a corporation organized or authorized under RSA 292, RSA 293-A, or RSA 294-A whose business office is identical with the registered office;
(iii) a limited liability company formed or authorized under RSA 304-C whose business office is identical with the registered office; or
(iv) a limited liability partnership formed or authorized under RSA 304-A:44 whose business office is identical with the registered office.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.08

    293-A:15.08 Change of Registered Office or Registered Agent of Foreign Corporation. –
(a) A foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state may change its registered office or registered agent by delivering to the secretary of state for filing a statement of change that sets forth:
(1) its name;
(2) the street address of its current registered office;
(3) if the current registered office is to be changed, the street address of its new registered office;
(4) the name of its current registered agent;
(5) if the current registered agent is to be changed, the name of its new registered agent and the new agent's written consent (either on the statement or attached to it) to the appointment; and
(6) that after the change or changes are made, the street addresses of its registered office and the business office of its registered agent will be identical.
(b) If the street address of a registered agent's business office changes, the agent may change the street address of the registered office of any foreign corporation for which the person is the registered agent by notifying the corporation in writing of the change, and signing and delivering to the secretary of state for filing a statement of change that complies with the requirements of RSA 293-A:15.08(a) and recites that the corporation has been notified of the change.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.09

    293-A:15.09 Resignation of Registered Agent of Foreign Corporation. –
(a) The registered agent of a foreign corporation may resign the agency appointment by signing and delivering to the secretary of state for filing the signed original and 2 exact or conformed copies of a statement of resignation. The statement of resignation may include a statement that the registered office is also discontinued.
(b) After filing the statement, the secretary of state shall attach the filing receipt to one copy and mail the copy and receipt to the registered office if not discontinued. The secretary of state shall mail the other copy to the foreign corporation at its principal office address shown in its most recent annual report.
(c) The agency appointment is terminated, and the registered office discontinued if so provided, on the 31st day after the date on which the statement was filed.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.10

    293-A:15.10 Service on Foreign Corporation. –
(a) The registered agent of a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state is the corporation's agent for service of process, notice, or demand required or permitted by law to be served on the foreign corporation.
(b) A foreign corporation may be served by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, addressed to the secretary of the foreign corporation at its principal office shown in its application for a certificate of authority or in its most recent annual report if the foreign corporation:
(1) has no registered agent or its registered agent cannot with reasonable diligence be served;
(2) has withdrawn from transacting business in this state under RSA 293-A:15.20; or
(3) has had its certificate of authority revoked under RSA 293-A:15.31.
(c) Service is perfected under RSA 293-A:15.10(b) at the earliest of:
(1) the date the foreign corporation receives the mail;
(2) the date shown on the return receipt, if signed on behalf of the foreign corporation; or
(3) five days after its deposit in the United States mail, as evidenced by the postmark, if mailed postpaid and correctly addressed.
(d) This section does not prescribe the only means, or necessarily the required means, of serving a foreign corporation.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.20

    293-A:15.20 Withdrawal of Foreign Corporation. –
(a) A foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state may not withdraw from this state until it obtains a certificate of withdrawal from the secretary of state.
(b) A foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state may apply for a certificate of withdrawal by delivering an application to the secretary of state for filing. The application must set forth:
(1) the name of the foreign corporation and the name of the state or country under whose law it is incorporated;
(2) that it is not transacting business in this state and that it surrenders its authority to transact business in this state;
(3) that it revokes the authority of its registered agent to accept service on its behalf and appoints the secretary of state as its agent for service of process in any proceeding based on a cause of action arising during the time it was authorized to transact business in this state;
(4) a mailing address to which the secretary of state may mail a copy of any process served on the secretary of state under subparagraph (3);
(5) a commitment to notify the secretary of state in the future of any change in its mailing address; and
(6) a statement of withdrawal from the New Hampshire department of revenue administration in accordance with RSA 77-A:18, II and RSA 77-E:12, II.
(c) After the withdrawal of the corporation is effective, service of process on the secretary of state under this section is service on the foreign corporation. Upon receipt of process, the secretary of state shall mail a copy of the process to the foreign corporation at the mailing address set forth under RSA 293-A:15.20(b).

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.21

    293-A:15.21 Automatic Withdrawal Upon Certain Conversions. – A foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state that converts to any form of domestic filing entity shall be deemed to have withdrawn on the effective date of the conversion.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.22

    293-A:15.22 Withdrawal Upon Conversion to a Nonfiling Entity. –
(a) A foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state that converts to a domestic or foreign nonfiling entity shall apply for a certificate of withdrawal by delivering an application to the secretary of state for filing. The application must set forth:
(1) the name of the foreign corporation and the name of the state or country under whose law it was incorporated before the conversion;
(2) that it surrenders its authority to transact business in this state as a foreign corporation;
(3) the type of unincorporated entity to which it has been converted and the jurisdiction whose laws govern its internal affairs;
(4) if it has been converted to a foreign unincorporated entity:
(i) that it revokes the authority of its registered agent to accept service on its behalf and appoints the secretary of state as its agent for service of process in any proceeding based on a cause of action arising during the time it was authorized to transact business in this state;
(ii) a mailing address to which the secretary of state may mail a copy of any process served on the secretary of state under paragraph (i); and
(iii) a commitment to notify the secretary of state in the future of any change in its mailing address.
(b) After the withdrawal under this section of a corporation that has converted to a foreign unincorporated entity is effective, service of process on the secretary of state is service on the foreign unincorporated entity. Upon receipt of process, the secretary of state shall mail a copy of the process to the foreign unincorporated entity at the mailing address set forth under RSA 293-A:15.22(a)(4).
(c) After the withdrawal under this section of a corporation that has converted to a domestic unincorporated entity is effective, service of process shall be made on the unincorporated entity in accordance with the regular procedures for service of process on the form of unincorporated entity to which the corporation was converted.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.23

    293-A:15.23 Transfer of Authority. –
(a) A foreign business corporation authorized to transact business in this state that converts to any form of foreign unincorporated entity that is required to obtain a certificate of authority or make a similar type of filing with the secretary of state if it transacts business in this state shall file with the secretary of state an application for transfer of authority signed by any officer or other duly authorized representative. The application shall set forth:
(1) the name of the corporation;
(2) the type of unincorporated entity to which it has been converted and the jurisdiction whose laws govern its internal affairs; and
(3) any other information that would be required in a filing under the laws of this state by an unincorporated entity of the type the corporation has become seeking authority to transact business in this state.
(b) The application for transfer of authority shall be delivered to the secretary of state for filing and shall take effect at the effective time provided in RSA 293-A:1.23.
(c) Upon the effectiveness of the application for transfer of authority, the authority of the corporation under this subdivision to transact business in this state shall be transferred without interruption to the converted entity which shall thereafter hold such authority subject to the provisions of the laws of this state applicable to that type of unincorporated entity.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.30

    293-A:15.30 Grounds for Revocation. –
(a) The secretary of state may commence a proceeding under RSA 293-A:15.31 to revoke the certificate of authority of a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state if:
(1) the foreign corporation does not deliver its annual report to the secretary of state within 60 days after it is due;
(2) the foreign corporation does not pay within 60 days after they are due any fees or penalties imposed by this chapter or other law;
(3) the foreign corporation is without a registered agent or registered office in this state for 60 days or more;
(4) the foreign corporation does not inform the secretary of state under RSA 293-A:15.08 or RSA 293-A:15.09 that its registered agent or registered office has changed, that its registered agent has resigned, or that its registered office has been discontinued within 60 days of the change, resignation, or discontinuance;
(5) a misrepresentation has been made of any material matter in any application, report, affidavit or other document submitted by the corporation or on its behalf, pursuant to this subdivision; or
(6) the secretary of state receives a duly authenticated certificate from the secretary of state or other official having custody of corporate records in the state or country under whose law the foreign corporation is incorporated stating that it has been dissolved or disappeared as the result of a merger.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:15.31

    293-A:15.31 Procedure for and Effect of Revocation. –
(a) If the secretary of state determines that one or more grounds exist under RSA 293-A:15.30 for revocation of a certificate of authority, the secretary of state shall notify the foreign corporation in writing of such determination and shall mail such notice to the corporation at its principal office listed on the records of the New Hampshire secretary of state.
(b) If the foreign corporation does not correct each ground for revocation or demonstrate to the reasonable satisfaction of the secretary of state that each ground determined by the secretary of state does not exist within 60 days after notification, the secretary of state may revoke the foreign corporation's certificate of authority by issuing a notice of revocation that recites the ground or grounds for revocation and its effective date. The secretary of state shall mail such notice to the corporation at its principal office listed on the records of the New Hampshire secretary of state.
(c) The authority of a foreign corporation to transact business in this state ceases on the date shown on the certificate revoking its certificate of authority.
(d) Revocation of a foreign corporation's certificate of authority does not terminate the authority of the registered agent of the corporation.
(e) A foreign corporation whose certificate of authority has been revoked under this section may apply to the secretary of state for reinstatement by completion of a reinstatement form together with payment of fees in arrears at the time of revocation. Beyond 120 days, a reinstatement shall be accompanied by, in addition to the above, annual fees for the years since the revocation, if the foreign corporation was doing business in this state during those years, and a certificate from the New Hampshire department of revenue administration indicating there are no taxes due to the department.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014. 2017, 183:1, eff. Aug. 28, 2017.

Section 293-A:15.32

    293-A:15.32 Appeal From Revocation. –
(a) A foreign corporation may appeal the secretary of state's revocation of its certificate of authority to the superior court for Merrimack county within 30 days after revocation. The foreign corporation appeals by petitioning the court to set aside the revocation and attaching to the petition copies of its certificate of authority and the secretary of state's certificate of revocation.
(b) The court may summarily order the secretary of state to reinstate the certificate of authority or may take any other action the court considers appropriate.
(c) The court's final decision may be appealed as in other civil proceedings.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Records and Reports

Section 293-A:16.01

    293-A:16.01 Corporate Records. –
(a) A corporation shall keep as permanent records minutes of all meetings of its shareholders and board of directors, a record of all actions taken by the shareholders or board of directors without a meeting, and a record of all actions taken by a committee of the board of directors in place of the board of directors on behalf of the corporation.
(b) A corporation shall maintain appropriate accounting records.
(c) A corporation or its agent shall maintain a record of its shareholders, in a form that permits preparation of a list of the names and addresses of all shareholders, in alphabetical order by class of shares showing the number and class of shares held by each.
(d) A corporation shall maintain its records in the form of a document, including an electronic record, or in another form capable of conversion into paper form within a reasonable time.
(e) A corporation shall keep a copy of the following records at its principal office:
(1) its articles or restated articles of incorporation, all amendments to them currently in effect, and any notices to shareholders referred to in RSA 293-A:1.20(k)(5) regarding facts on which a filed document is dependent;
(2) its bylaws or restated bylaws and all amendments to them currently in effect;
(3) resolutions adopted by its board of directors creating one or more classes or series of shares, and fixing their relative rights, preferences, and limitations, if shares issued pursuant to those resolutions are outstanding;
(4) the minutes of all shareholders' meetings, and records of all action taken by shareholders without a meeting, for the past 3 years;
(5) all written communications to shareholders generally within the past 3 years, including the financial statements furnished for the past 3 years under RSA 293-A:16.20;
(6) a list of the names and business addresses of its current directors and officers; and
(7) its most recent annual report delivered to the secretary of state under RSA 293-A:16.21.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:16.02

    293-A:16.02 Inspection of Records by Shareholders. –
(a) A shareholder of a corporation is entitled to inspect and copy, during regular business hours at the corporation's principal office, any of the records of the corporation described in RSA 293-A:16.01(e) if the shareholder gives the corporation a signed written notice of the shareholder's demand at least 5 business days before the date on which the shareholder wishes to inspect and copy.
(b) For any meeting of shareholders for which the record date for determining shareholders entitled to vote at the meeting is different than the record date for notice of the meeting, any person who becomes a shareholder subsequent to the record date for notice of the meeting and is entitled to vote at the meeting is entitled to obtain from the corporation upon request the notice and any other information provided by the corporation to shareholders in connection with the meeting, unless the corporation has made such information generally available to shareholders by posting it on its website or by other generally recognized means.
(c) A shareholder of a corporation is entitled to inspect and copy, during regular business hours at a reasonable location specified by the corporation, any of the following records of the corporation if the shareholder meets the requirements of RSA 293-A:16.02(d) and gives the corporation a signed written notice of the shareholder's demand at least 5 business days before the date on which the shareholder wishes to inspect and copy:
(1) excerpts from minutes of any meeting of the board of directors or a committee of the board of directors while acting in place of the board of directors on behalf of the corporation, minutes of any meeting of the shareholders, and records of action taken by the shareholders, board of directors, or a committee of the board without a meeting, to the extent not subject to inspection under RSA 293-A:16.02(a);
(2) accounting records of the corporation; and
(3) the record of shareholders.
(d) A shareholder may inspect and copy the records described in RSA 293-A:16.02(c) only if:
(1) the shareholder's demand is made in good faith and for a proper purpose;
(2) the shareholder describes with reasonable particularity the shareholder's purpose and the records the shareholder desires to inspect; and
(3) the records are directly connected with the shareholder's purpose.
(e) For purposes of RSA 293-A:16.02(d), if a shareholder makes a written demand on a corporation for an alphabetical list of the names and addresses of its shareholders who are entitled to notice of a shareholders' meeting for the purpose of communicating with other shareholders relating to an item of business listed in the notice, and the corporation refuses to allow inspection and copying of the list, the shareholder may petition the secretary of state to issue an order requiring the corporation to allow the shareholder to inspect and copy the list of shareholders pursuant to the provisions of RSA 421-B:6-613. The secretary of state, or his or her designee, shall confirm that (i) the petitioner is a shareholder of the corporation, (ii) the corporation has given a notice of shareholder meeting to its shareholders, and (iii) the shareholder made a written demand to inspect and copy the shareholder list for the purpose of communicating with the shareholders regarding an item of business set forth in the notice. If the secretary of state confirms such information, he or she shall schedule a hearing no later than 10 business days after making such confirmation. The secretary of state shall promptly give the petitioner and the corporation notice of the hearing. At such hearing, the presiding officer shall determine whether the petitioner has made the demand for the inspection and copying of the shareholder list for a proper purpose and in good faith and in accordance with RSA 293-A:16.02(d) and, if so, he or she shall order the corporation to comply with the law. If the corporation fails to attend the hearing, the corporation shall be deemed to be in default, and the presiding officer may issue an order requiring it to allow the petitioner to inspect and copy the shareholder list. Such order in the case of default shall be deemed final and may be enforced by the secretary of state pursuant to RSA 293-A:16.02(f).
(f) Unless an order is final pursuant to RSA 293-A:16.02(e), any order or refusal to grant an order by the secretary of state under this subsection may be appealed to the superior court of the county where the corporation's principal office, or, if none in this state, its registered office, is located or the business and commercial dispute docket of the superior court, which court shall be deemed to have jurisdiction to hear such matter and to which the corporation or shareholder, as the case may be, shall be deemed to have consented. The secretary of state or his or her designee may bring an action in the superior court to enforce compliance with any final order under this section. Upon a proper showing, an injunction or other equitable relief may be granted.
(g) The right of inspection granted by this section may not be abolished or limited by a corporation's articles of incorporation or bylaws.
(h) This section does not affect:
(1) the right of a shareholder to inspect records under RSA 293-A:7.20 or, if the shareholder is in litigation with the corporation, to the same extent as any other litigant; or
(2) the power of a court, independently of this chapter, to compel the production of corporate records for examination.
(i) For purposes of this section, "shareholder" includes a beneficial owner whose shares are held in a voting trust or by a nominee on the shareholder's behalf.

Source. 2013, 142:1. 2015, 273:10, eff. Jan. 1, 2016.

Section 293-A:16.03

    293-A:16.03 Scope of Inspection Right. –
(a) A shareholder's agent or attorney has the same inspection and copying rights as the shareholder represented.
(b) The right to copy records under RSA 293-A:16.02 includes, if reasonable, the right to receive copies by xerographic or other means, including copies through an electronic transmission if available and so requested by the shareholder.
(c) The corporation may comply at its expense with a shareholder's demand to inspect the record of shareholders under RSA 293-A:16.02(c)(3) by providing the shareholder with a list of shareholders that was compiled no earlier than the date of the shareholder's demand.
(d) The corporation may impose a reasonable charge, covering the costs of labor and material, for copies of any documents provided to the shareholder. The charge may not exceed the estimated cost of production, reproduction or transmission of the records.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:16.04

    293-A:16.04 Court-Ordered Inspection. –
(a) If a corporation does not allow a shareholder who complies with RSA 293-A:16.02(a) to inspect and copy any records required by that subsection to be available for inspection, the superior court of the county where the corporation's principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is located or the business and commercial dispute docket of the superior court (which court shall be deemed to have jurisdiction to hear such matter and to which the corporation shall be deemed to have consented) may summarily order inspection and copying of the records demanded at the corporation's expense upon application of the shareholder.
(b) If a corporation does not within a reasonable time allow a shareholder to inspect and copy any other record, the shareholder who complies with RSA 293-A:16.02(c) and (d) may apply to the superior court in the county where the corporation's principal office (or, if none in this state, its registered office) is located or the business and commercial dispute docket of the superior court (which court shall be deemed to have jurisdiction to hear such matter and to which the corporation shall be deemed to have consented) for an order to permit inspection and copying of the records demanded. The court shall dispose of an application under this subsection on an expedited basis.
(c) If the court orders inspection and copying of the records demanded, it shall also order the corporation to pay the shareholder's expenses incurred to obtain the order unless the corporation proves that it refused inspection in good faith because it had a reasonable basis for doubt about the right of the shareholder to inspect the records demanded.
(d) If the court orders inspection and copying of the records demanded, it may impose reasonable restrictions on the use or distribution of the records by the demanding shareholder.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:16.05

    293-A:16.05 Inspection of Records by Directors. –
(a) A director of a corporation is entitled to inspect and copy the books, records and documents of the corporation at any reasonable time to the extent reasonably related to the performance of the director's duties as a director, including duties as a member of a committee, but not for any other purpose or in any manner that would violate any duty to the corporation.
(b) The superior court of the county where the corporation's principal office (or if none in this state, its registered office) is located may order inspection and copying of the books, records and documents at the corporation's expense, upon application of a director who has been refused such inspection rights, unless the corporation establishes that the director is not entitled to such inspection rights. The court shall dispose of an application under this subsection on an expedited basis.
(c) If an order is issued, the court may include provisions protecting the corporation from undue burden or expense, and prohibiting the director from using information obtained upon exercise of the inspection rights in a manner that would violate a duty to the corporation, and may also order the corporation to reimburse the director for the director's expenses incurred in connection with the application.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:16.06

    293-A:16.06 Exception to Notice Requirement. –
(a) Whenever notice would otherwise be required to be given under any provision of this chapter to a shareholder, such notice need not be given if:
(1) Notices to the shareholders of 2 consecutive annual meetings, and all notices of meetings during the period between such 2 consecutive annual meetings, have been sent to such shareholder at such shareholder's address as shown on the records of the corporation and have been returned undeliverable or could not be delivered; or
(2) All, but not less than 2, payments of dividends on securities during a 12-month period, or 2 consecutive payments of dividends on securities during a period of more than 12 months, have been sent to such shareholder at such shareholder's address as shown on the records of the corporation and have been returned undeliverable or could not be delivered.
(b) If any such shareholder shall deliver to the corporation a written notice setting forth such shareholder's then-current address, the requirement that notice be given to such shareholder shall be reinstated.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:16.20

    293-A:16.20 Financial Statements for Shareholders. –
(a) A corporation shall deliver to its shareholders annual financial statements, which may be consolidated or combined statements of the corporation and one or more of its subsidiaries, as appropriate, that include a balance sheet as of the end of the fiscal year, an income statement for that year, and a statement of changes in shareholders' equity for the year unless that information appears elsewhere in the financial statements. If financial statements are prepared for the corporation on the basis of generally accepted accounting principles, the annual financial statements must also be prepared on that basis.
(b) If the annual financial statements are reported upon by a public accountant, the report must accompany them. If not, the statements must be accompanied by a statement of the president or the person responsible for the corporation's accounting records:
(1) stating such person's reasonable belief whether the statements were prepared on the basis of generally accepted accounting principles and, if not, describing the basis of preparation; and
(2) describing any respects in which the statements were not prepared on a basis of accounting consistent with the statements prepared for the preceding year.
(c) Within 120 days after the close of each fiscal year, the corporation shall send the annual financial statements to each shareholder. Thereafter, on written request from a shareholder to whom the statements were not sent, the corporation shall send the shareholder the latest financial statements. A public corporation may fulfill its responsibilities under this section by delivering the specified financial statements, or otherwise making them available, in any manner permitted by the applicable rules and regulations of the United States Securities Exchange Commission.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:16.21

    293-A:16.21 Annual Report for Secretary of State. –
(a) Each domestic corporation, and each foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state, shall deliver to the secretary of state for filing an annual report that sets forth:
(1) the name of the corporation and the state or country under whose law it is incorporated;
(2) the address of its registered office and the name of its registered agent at that office in this state;
(3) the address of its principal office;
(4) names and business addresses of its directors and principal officers; and
(5) a brief description of the nature of its business.
(b) Information in the annual report must be current as of January 1 of the year the report is due.
(c) The first annual report must be delivered to the secretary of state between January 1 and April 1 of the year following the calendar year in which a domestic corporation was incorporated or a foreign corporation was authorized to transact business; provided, however, that a foreign corporation that has received its certificate of authority at any time between December 1 of the preceding year and April 1, or a domestic corporation which has received its certificate of incorporation during the same period shall not be required to file an annual report during that year. Subsequent annual reports must be delivered to the secretary of state between January 1 and April 1 of the following calendar years.
(d) If an annual report does not contain the information required by this section, the secretary of state shall promptly notify the reporting domestic or foreign corporation in writing and return the report to it for correction. If the report is corrected to contain the information required by this section and delivered to the secretary of state within 30 days after the effective date of notice, it is deemed to be timely filed.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Transition Provisions

Section 293-A:17.01

    293-A:17.01 Application to Existing Domestic Corporations. – This chapter applies to all domestic corporations in existence on its effective date that were incorporated under any general statute of this state providing for incorporation of corporations for profit if power to amend or repeal the statute under which the corporation was incorporated was reserved.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:17.02

    293-A:17.02 Application to Qualified Foreign Corporations. – A foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state on the effective date of this chapter is subject to this chapter but is not required to obtain a new certificate of authority to transact business under this chapter.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:17.03

    293-A:17.03 Saving Provisions. –
(a) Except as provided in RSA 293-A:17.03(b), the repeal of a statute by this chapter does not affect:
(1) the operation of the statute or any action taken under it before its repeal;
(2) any ratification, right, remedy, privilege, obligation, or liability acquired, accrued, or incurred under the statute before its repeal;
(3) any violation of the statute, or any penalty, forfeiture, or punishment incurred because of the violation, before its repeal;
(4) any proceeding, reorganization, or dissolution commenced under the statute before its repeal, and the proceeding, reorganization, or dissolution may be completed in accordance with the statute as if it had not been repealed.
(b) If a penalty or punishment imposed for violation of a statute repealed by this chapter is reduced by this chapter, the penalty or punishment if not already imposed shall be imposed in accordance with this chapter.
(c) In the event that any provisions of this chapter are deemed to modify, limit, or supersede the federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 U.S.C. 7001 et seq., the provisions of this chapter shall control to the maximum extent permitted by Section 102(a)(2) of that federal Act.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.

Section 293-A:17.04

    293-A:17.04 Severability. – If any provision of this chapter or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the chapter that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of the chapter are severable.

Source. 2013, 142:1, eff. Jan. 1, 2014.